- 1 As cross stitching properly, step by step photos. Cross stitch - video and diagrams for beginners
- 2 Learn cross stitching all the secrets in the master class
- 3 How to embroider a cross? Rules counted cross for beginners
As cross stitching properly, step by step photos. Cross stitch - video and diagrams for beginners
Needlework is becoming popular among young people - particularly cross-stitch. In this way it is easy to decorate shoes, clothing, accessories, or simply to create a picture that can be hung on the wall. On the Internet a lot of recommendations and lessons, how to learn to embroider a cross. It only needs the tools and schemes. You do not know where to start? Follow the instructions below to learn how to embroider a cross from scratch.
What are the materials and tools needed
Technological progress allows you to learn about this ancient art, as embroidery cross, not only from the mother or grandmother, but also video tutorials using photos on the Internet schemes. Before proceeding to needlework, understand what materials will be needed. The first thing you need - a canvas. It is the fabric, which is itself embroidery. There are several options how to choose:
- Canvas pattern. Suitable for those who are just beginning to get acquainted with the technique of embroidery, as a ready outline easier to create a picture. In addition, a set of often already include a thread that will be required for the entire process. On this canvas is easier to learn to embroider.
- Clean canvas. This fabric is a weave with small holes therebetween. Canvas thus has certain characteristics - the coefficient showing the amount of future crosses. From them will depend on the how much yarn you embroider.
- Uniform canvas. Used by these masters, because the crosses on the fabric is almost imperceptible, and she is a continuous web.
The second thing that is required - this thread. Used embroidery floss are called, and they can be:
- Cotton - recommended for embroidery cross. These do not fade or lose color over time do not form pellets and not tangled.
- Woolen - are used less often, are less practical because, although their color is much brighter.
Next an indispensable tool for embroidery - needle. There is less requirement - it should have a rounded tip so as not to pierce the fabric, and the ear, which will include several threads. Next, you need to purchase the hoop - round or square tool, leveling the canvas. 2 consists of plastic or wood parts - the external and internal. Between them and the clamped tissue.
Advanced embroidery hoop masters do not use, but for beginners it will be a good helper. Crosses are more neat and tidy. In addition to these tools require circuits that you want to embroider, and a pair of scissors to cut the thread. First, you can buy in the store, found in magazines or on the Internet.
Determine with embroidery scheme initially give preference to simple embodiments with fewer colors. Start with a convenient place or recommended upper-left corner or the center of the image. Coverage of sectors on the scheme a little paint in order not to get confused. An important step - is to fix the thread correctly. It is not recommended to do the nodules, because beauty is important not only to the front side, but also wrong - she speaks about skill level. To fix the thread, you can choose one of the following ways:
- loop method. The easiest and most cost-effective, but is only possible when working with multiple threads. Take a single thread of great length, fold it in half and cut ends, insert the needle. Enter into the fabric, leaving the wrong side of the loop. Make a stitch on the wrong side of the pass the thread into a loop, and continue to tighten the embroidery.
- Under stitches. Simply pull the thread in a couple of stitches.
- Small stitches. Make small stitches where they will then be covered with embroidery.
Next, use the simple instructions on how to quickly learn how to embroider a cross:
- Preparation. Lay on your desktop all the tools needed, provide good lighting. Embroidery is a constant strain.
- Measurement of tissue. Using the diagram specify the number of crosses horizontally and vertically - is pattern dimensions. Add to them by 10 cm on both sides to figure fit completely on the fabric.
- Choice of the embroidery. As mentioned above, it is better to start from the top left corner to the ranks were in order, and embroidery - from left to right.
- Securing the fabric. Take the hoop and clamp it in place of the canvas on which to start your embroidery.
- The choice of style. Use the traditional method, or Danish. The first is called in English and frequently used for vertical rows - it assumes that each cross is done separately. The second method, on the contrary, consists in executing multiple successive lower stitches, and then laying them on the upper place. It is more suitable for horizontal rows.
- Embroidery. Insert the thread into the eye of a needle, leave the tail on the wrong side. Insert the needle in the lower left corner cross future, pass it on a diagonal to the upper right corner. With the underside insert the needle into the right lower corner. Then finish the cross threading a thread in the upper left edge of an imaginary square. In Danish method does not finish the cross, and repeat several slanted stitches, and then return in the same way back needle threading in opposite corners.
- Securing thread. Leave a long tail, make a couple of small stitches under the future embroidery, or stretch the thread under the existing crosses.
A simple cross-stitch is often supplemented by a few other types of stitches. They are used to make the original product. On the whole, are the following types of stitches:
- Cross. 2 is a crossed stitch imposed one on another.
- Polukrestik or painting. Bilateral seam performed in 2 stages. Forward laid stitches that are inclined in the same direction. Back fill the gaps, fulfilling the stitches, which are inclined in the opposite direction.
- Quadruple stitch. It is half of a diagonal cross. It is used more often when sewing small pieces of curved pattern. To perform it, you need to insert the needle into the upper left corner, and plug in the center square - so get 1 of 4 feet from the "X".
- Three-quarter cross. It is also used to draw the picture detail. He represents the whole of the diagonal cross and half more. For its implementation needs to be done half cross stitch and quadruple.
- Reverse stitch. It is used for fine embroidery pattern or design to contour of the finished drawing. To make such a stitch, you need to withdraw the needle from the wrong side and stick it in the hole, located on the right. Then hold the needle through the hole on the left of the initial stretch and through the inside out. Get a straight line.
Video tutorial for cross stitching for beginners
Never too late to learn any handicraft, especially if the hand is the scheme and step by step instructions, as well as what you need to perform. Beautiful pictures obtained with serious motives that can complement your decor. It can be a vase of flowers, such as roses and heart on Valentine's Day or even icons for religious people. Not inferior to the beauty and stitch for children. Your child will be glad to any cute baby animals. To perform this or that motive, look useful video with steps below, how to learn to embroider beautiful cross.
Detailed master class for beginners
Fixing threads at the beginning and at the end of
Where to start and how to work with the diagram
Simple scheme for embroidery on the cell
If no figure is not hit you like, then you need to use a special program for its breakdown, or divided into small squares own, moving picture on graph paper. For beginners, it is advisable to choose the scheme for embroidery easier, not to be disappointed in this art. In addition, you should pay attention to the number of colors - they, too, should be a little bit, because the novice is easy to get lost in the skin. Starting with simple images, you quickly natreniruetes and go to a more complex patterns, even with the use of beads.
Learn cross stitching all the secrets in the master class
Cross Stitch - one of the most exciting ways. In fact the most difficult thing in this matter - to begin. For those who are just taking its first steps, there are a lot of lessons. They even include pictures and video. However, it still does not work well, as in the picture. But then how to learn to embroider a cross right? Just did not initially need to try to cover everything at once. A little patience, and technique of embroidery cross will necessarily mastered.
In fact, in order to understand whether your cross-stitch is suitable, you do not need to buy the whole range of the store. Enough to buy the most simple set or a small piece of canvas, floss, and thread pattern. Some needlewoman beginners in cross stitch not advised to use the hoop, as the outline of a sufficiently dense and drag it very simple. However, to understand how to be more convenient, it is advisable to try both.
You are now ready to embroidery, following scheme. It is advisable to immediately do it right. What does it mean? Usually the first job choice falls on the small picture. Therefore, it is not necessary at the first stage to think about the perfect backing. After all, no one still can not see. Much more important is to fulfill perfectly the front side. And it is not as easy as it seems at first glance.
In practice, cross stitching technique is as follows. Sewing thread in two or three of addition is threaded through the needle. However, no nodules on it will not. The thread will be attached a little differently. But how to do this will be discussed later. Now we learn to embroider the most common cross.
In practice, it looks like this. The yarn is passed from the upper right to the lower left corner, and a half-cross makes the desired number of crosses under the scheme. The yarn was then conducted in the reverse direction, from top left to bottom right. Next is performed, if necessary, move to a number higher or lower. Once the embroidery segment is completed, you can assign a thread by threading it under the stitches.
More clearly, you can see how an embroidery, cross stitch, can be in the next video. In this clip shows only the technique of embroidery, but without a good example is difficult to take the first steps.
Video: Learning to embroider a cross
However, embroider a picture so that from the inside, and you can easily see the pattern, it is desirable to learn how to fix the thread correctly. The most common method of "loop" is used for this purpose. In fact, with its use of the thread is attached by itself. It is easy even for beginners handy people. So, how to do it?
Securing the thread by the "Loop"
With floss thread is passed in such a way as to remain a small loop on the right side. Then, at a distance of 2-3 millimeters is output outward and the needle is inserted through the left loop. Well tightened, and now we can continue to embroidery.
Also, a small cross stitch thread can be secured as follows. Embroider several crosses, leaving the tip of the thread and on the underside of holding it. Then thread the needle eye it in and simply slip under the stitches from the inside out. This option is ideal for embroidery patterns. However, where the reverse side is visible, it is better to use a mounting loop. This applies, above all, when it is planned to embroider cloth, cloth or clothing.
ideal wrong side
Even for beginners it is available to perform embroidery product with near-perfect backing. To do this, just follow the simple rules. However, once again it should make a reservation that is not always advisable to spend time and energy on such work performance, such as embroidery patterns. In addition, the reverse side of the ideal consumption increases thread floss.
First, all crosses on the front side to be performed in one direction, and a picture or other article to embroider from bottom to top or vice versa. Thus, it is possible to achieve not only perfect inside out, but also that the embroidery will not be constricted in one direction.
Secondly, all work must be carried out without nodules. How this is done already described above. At the end of the embroidery yarn residue is hidden under the stitches on the wrong side. It is important that the dark floss were fixed under the dark, and vice versa. The only exception is those cases where this is not possible. For example, if you want to embroider a black eye on the pale pink face.
Third, embroidering segments of the same color, do not carry filament more than 3-4 cross. Not only that such cross-stitch will be untidy, it can greatly increase the flow of thread. Performing sewing dresses and tablecloths, which can accidentally catch hold of such yarns should abandon such transitions. A maximum of 1-2 cross to one side.
Video: Perfect wrong side in cross stitch
Cross stitch large paintings
Once mastered the basics of the first cross stitch, many needlewoman dare to take on more complex work. Increasingly, their choice falls on the paintings. And it's no wonder they can decorate your apartment or house and easy to show off to family, friends and mere acquaintances.
Of course, it is possible to embroider a picture, using all the same skills that are already familiar. However, to get the job done quickly, you can learn a few new techniques. I would also like to point out that the picture size more than 25 centimeters of one of the parties is desirable embroider tapestry hoop or just on your hands.
In addition, to make it easier to embroider under the scheme, it is recommended to use the "parking" method. Its essence is that the ranks in a picture embroidered immediately. In this case, all sewing kit simply attached where the embroidery will continue in the next row. Very similar to the valet parking, is not it?
However, at the beginning there is a question, what does it do. Just as we learn to embroider, we do it on small jobs. Little flowers, and then get confused and make mistakes is almost impossible. However, when a large embroidered picture, the number of used floss can be more than 50 pieces. Naturally, in this case, to make a mistake in the calculation is very simple, and can be seen at once. In the end, it will have to dismiss some of the work. As a consequence, wasted time, and possibly a broken embroidery.
Great detail about how to embroider correctly using the parking method, you can see in this video. In the video very clearly shows the benefits of using it, as well as the author points out some tricks and subtleties.
Video: Embroidery cross lesson by "parking"
However, for many, once the basics are mastered, it is the second step is not embroidery paintings and napkins, towels and tablecloths. In fact, if you use a dense cotton or linen, it is very similar to the canvas. In addition, for small napkins can take and ordinary embroidery.
So, where to start to embroider a napkin? For convenience, further work is necessary to mark out the outlines of the embroidery, using a special marker or pencil. It should be done carefully in accordance with the chosen scheme. You may be able to simplify the problem, if it is sewn border and folded napkin future fourfold. Then measure from the middle of the edge line of the desired length. Hold the line marker, and then connect. It is also to do with the remaining parties.
If the cloth is completely sewn, then it is possible to do the same, as in embroidery patterns. Actually this is the best option for beginners. The main thing, just watch out for, so that the wrong side was perfect. It is when we learn to embroider on small jobs, this skill is easy to work with.
Now you only have to understand how to sew a ready-made cloth. First, it is required prostirnut, dry and to steam. Edge can be treated in two ways. The first is suitable for fully embroidered napkins. You can simply sew around obmetochnym seam, which also can still become part of the decor. And because of its lightness it is suitable for beginners handy people.
For the second option would require a sewing machine, preferably with a decorative stitch function. Fold the edge of the cloth inside, profit and stitch. Hand such an operation can replace the stitch "back needle". You can choose any method. The main thing is to understand what it is and how to fit into the overall view of napkins or tablecloths.
Perhaps the most difficult to cross embroidery is decoration of clothing. This type of needlework is absolutely not suitable for beginners. You should be able to correctly mark the place for the future of embroidery, to perform the work without flaws and do not drag the canvas. Here, the cost of failure is too high.
So, how to embroider clothes cross? For the first experiment, it is best to take the rough linen, which can be clearly seen weave. As in the case of tissues, slowly mark the boundaries of the future embroidery. Embroidery thread sewing clothing used as the lining canvas. It then you can simply pull on a string after the end of the work.
During cross stitch watch for backing. Here it should be just flawless. And not just because it will be seen. While wearing unmade thread will interfere, and to wear such clothes will simply inconvenient. In addition, because they can damage a ready-made embroidery. That's why we immediately learn to embroider correctly. Then relearn a lot harder.
For starters needlewomen raises another question. What you first need to do - to sew or embroider. However, it should be noted that much easier to do the job on a small piece of tissue than twist in the hands of the whole dress. That is why it is desirable to first make all the embroidery, ironed it, and then sew.
For inspiration, you can see the following video where the process is divided needlewoman embroidery of their work.
How to embroider a cross? Rules counted cross for beginners
Someone perceives the cross-stitch as art, some as a hobby, and for some it is a way to relieve stress. Before you get started, you should prepare the necessary equipment. It includes: hoop, fabric, needle, thread, scheme and frame for design work. You may also need pen for marking tissue. The first thing we consider is not how to embroider a cross, and how to choose equipment. After all this work should bring pleasure. And only work with quality tools will take pleasure from the embroidery process.
The first thing you need to know: the hoop was transferred by the fabric. Therefore, we must try as little as possible to rearrange them. Each needlewoman should have not one, but several variants. Hoop small diameter suitable for small embroidery patterns. A large - to work on Embroideries or rushnykom. You can see the wooden and plastic hoop. What use to you - it is a matter of personal loyalties.
Cross stitching need a special fabric, which is called the canvas. When choosing fabric, you need to take into account the nature of the work that you perform. If this rushnyk, the fabric should be appropriate. Canvas for paintings taken a completely different quality. The fabric used for embroidery rushnykov has implicitly expressed grid. Due to this distance it is difficult to distinguish from the usual linen. Working with her is quite difficult. Therefore, for the first job is better to take the picture. Canvas, designed for embroidery paintings, has a clear net. It is much easier to work. Currently, manufacturers offer a canvas on which the marking is done. It helps, firstly, to place the embroidery in the middle. And secondly, you can quickly locate the point where finished last time. If no such marking, it is desirable to do it yourself. This task can handle a special marker, or a pencil. On the shelves you can see the outline of different sizes. They point to the weave density. The finer the mesh, formed by the fibers, the harder embroider. On the other hand, and the work performed on a canvas, painted look like.
Cross stitching need special needle, which is slightly different from its counterpart used for sewing. Its purpose is not to pierce the fabric and push the fiber. Therefore, the edge is not sharp needle embroidery and rounded. Another feature of such needles is a long needle. It is not by chance. Often it is necessary to embroider thread in a few additions. And fill this thread is very difficult in a small ear. The last difference embroidery needles from those used in sewing is smaller length. Like canvas needles vary in size.
It depends on the quality of the thread type of the finished work. If the thread is of high quality, it falls softly, has a sheen and does not fade in the wash. One of the best on the market are the DMC. This line of American-made. They have a silky texture and shine. With this finished work looks elegant and rich.
The scheme must be, above all, comfortable. It is necessary to avoid two extremes: too large or unduly small schemes. In the first case, you will need plenty of space. After all, the scheme should be expanded continuously during operation. In the second case, you will be constantly strain your eyes to see the legend. There are black-and-white and color scheme. Newcomers better to use color schemes.
Frame - is the final touch in the design of the finished work. It should be either contrast or match the colors of embroidery. Very nice look embroidered with a passport. It is advisable to take a picture under glass. It is better to opt for an anti-reflective version.
How to embroider a cross? The answer to this question each needlewoman own. However, there are unwritten rules of counted cross. About them and talk.
After the inventory will be picked up, you can start to work. Remember, embroidery does not like to rush. Inexperienced girls are advised to buy a set. It includes an outline of the desired size, layout and skin. In the diagram, there are some tips that will answer the question of how cross stitching. They need to be familiar. It will also be given a number of threads used for the embroidery. Their number may vary from 1 to 4. It depends on the size of the canvas.
Once the scheme is studied to gently expand the thread. In some sets of threads laid out on special organizer. Their appearance may differ slightly. If you purchased a set of the organizer is not, it can be done independently. To do this, take a piece of cardboard and make it round holes. In each hole thread of different colors. Organizer ready.
Now we take the canvas and stitch the fabric being sewn by hand or with a sewing machine. Can be used for the treatment of colorless nail polish, glue or masking tape. It all depends on your imagination! If you do not, then during operation the fabric will be Satan.
Algorithm that will tell you how to embroider a cross:
- We define the middle of the canvas;
- If there is no markup on the canvas, then do it like a red thread, a pencil or marker;
- dress for work in the hoop;
- We make the first stitch.
The fabric in the hoop must be good, and, most importantly, evenly tensioned. If the canvas is stretched slightly, the crosses can be produced in different sizes, that spoil the appearance of the finished work.
Ability to work with the diagram - the key to success. As mentioned earlier, there are two types of schemes: black and white and color. Let us consider each of them separately.
How to learn to embroider a cross on the color scheme? It is divided into small squares pattern. Each box corresponds to a cross. They may also contain special characters. Each character corresponds to a certain color. Their designation can be found in the "legend". Such circuits are very convenient. However, they can only be used if the number of colors used in the process of sewing is not very much. Several facilitate the work with the color scheme of the presence of characters which accurately point to the color or shade of thread used.
The disadvantages of working with such circuits include a large enough load on the eye.
2. Black and white scheme
As cross stitching on the black-and-white scheme? Opening such a scheme, you see lined with a sheet of paper into squares, each of which is a symbol. This symbol indicates the color of thread used. If a painting of a sunset or a storm, to work with the color scheme is unlikely to succeed. Indeed, in this case, a lot of shades of the same color that are difficult to distinguish from each other by the naked eye. Ideal black and white scheme. And the load on the eyes when working with such a scheme is much lower than its color counterpart.
Each handy people who already know how to embroider a cross right on the question of where to start a job will be responsible in its own way. In total there are three options: to start from the center, from the lower or upper corner. From the first cross should gradually fill the entire canvas. Starting work in the center, you are guaranteed to get a symmetrical pattern. However, the center will need to embroider in different directions, which is not very convenient. When the embroidery out of the corner needs to know that his choice depends on the direction of embroidery. Choosing the right angle you need in the event that the first stitch you run from left to right. Otherwise, choose the left corner. Be sure to calculate where the center should be. To work looked gracefully crosses should "smotret9raquo; one way.
Rules counted cross for beginners:
- needle size must match the size of the canvas;
- Embroidery direction must be the same;
- before starting the work necessary to determine the center of the fabric.
If we talk about embroidery patterns, the masters, who already know how to embroider cross-stitch pattern in the first place, properly calculate what size you need to take the cloth. Be sure to take into account that 5 centimeters will go out to refill the finished work in the frame.
Sometimes needlewoman embroidering a pair crosses the wrong color or tone. If this error is invisible, then it can not be corrected. Otherwise, you need to flog those crosses which were embroidered wrong. But such error as a different direction or cross stitch displacement when sewing patterns symmetric spoil the appearance of the work.
There are also errors that are very difficult to fix. It happens that the skilled worker makes too much indentation at one end and in the end did not have enough canvas to another. Another mistake, which is very difficult to correct, is tissue damage. If the embroidery thread used substandard, during washing, they can shed. This bug fix did not succeed.
Each craftswoman works at their own pace. The main thing that affects the speed of execution of work - is the number of mistakes. Embroidery process requires meticulous attitude. If correctly performed all the preparatory work, the majority of the most common mistakes you can avoid.