- 1 Soundproofing apartment - where to start
- 2 Soundproofing the room with his hands. List of required materials
- 3 How to make sound insulation in the apartment
- 3.1 Soundproofing in a flat: how to choose and make
- 3.2 How to make a good sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment
- 3.3 Protects against noise openings: sound insulation of windows and doors
Soundproofing apartment - where to start
Almost every resident of an apartment building from time to time or constantly experiencing discomfort associated with the penetration into the apartment of ambient noise. It screams or loud talking neighbors, loud sound working TV or music center. Very often exasperate and impact noise types, such as: stamping feet, hammer blows, vibration punch during repairs in the apartments of neighbors, etc...
To break the silence in your apartment can also sounds of street with heavy traffic or too quiet courtyard behind the windows.
In all these cases to prevent noise penetration (or at least reduce its intensity) in your apartment will soundproofing.
Determine the source of noise
To understand how to make the sound insulation in the apartment, so she brought the desired result, for starters need to decide whether to perform a full sound insulation, home or only partial. For example, you will hinder stamping neighborhood kids on top, and the other sources of noise can not be heard or do not bother. Then, of course, we can restrict soundproof ceiling.
Most often, additional insulation from outside noise is only in that part of the housing where it is most needed. But you can make and complete soundproofing an apartment from neighbors and other sources of unwanted sound. In this case, you need to perform the sound insulation of walls, floors, ceilings, windows and front door.
If the front door is not enough to cope with the protection of the apartment from the noise from the staircase function, you can upgrade it with additional acoustic cladding; as well as to eliminate between the door and the frame slots and any gaps special seals. But the most reliable option - the organization of the vestibule with the installation of additional internal door.
Question soundproofed windows solved by the installation of high-quality insulating glass. Depending on the intensity of noise from outside can be ordered windows having additional insulation levels (larger number of cameras, the increased thickness of the insulating glass and the like. D.).
Sound insulation walls - what materials to use
Soundproofing the walls in the apartment must begin with a thorough examination of their surface. If there are cracks, gaps in the joints, they should be handled. You may need to pull out the socket and check if there are any of them voids which are having a good sound from neighbors. If there is a void, it is possible to lay a high-density mineral wool, and then seal the hole filler or cement mortar. And only then fix it in place your outlet.
Material soundproof walls in the flat, and mounting means are selected based on the cost effectiveness of the insulation from noise and the number of "eat" space.
The least expensive in terms of money, efforts and lose floor space, but also the least effective option - insulation rolls. Depending on the thickness and structure, it is to a greater or lesser extent will protect your room from the noise, but not get rid of it entirely.
If you choose this method, you will be quite able to make a soundproof apartments with their own hands, because the soundproofing material in rolls glued to easily vinyl glue directly on the wall.
Another option - sound insulation decorative panels, which are installed on the crate (if the walls are not perfectly aligned) with the "liquid nails".
And finally, the most time-consuming and expensive for the area lost by option - a way to frame soundproofing walls.
To perform such a method would require sound insulation walls: plasterboard profile (or wooden slats), for fastening hardware, screws, sound-absorbing material.
Profile must be fixed, stepping away from the wall by a few centimeters and, by placing it under the antivibration material. The built carcass laid quality material for insulation, such as mineral wool. Then screwed drywall, all seams and joints are well sealed.
The cost of soundproofing an apartment in the case of this method, of course, higher, but the result will please a lot more.
ceiling soundproofing - saved from the stamping neighbors
Sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment is often the only way to escape from the annoying sound of the stamping of neighbors from the top floor.
For the organization of such insulation is required partly to sacrifice height of your room, as the most effective and common way in this case - the construction of a suspended ceiling.
After the establishment of the carcass, its cavity is filled with a special noise-absorbing material (polyurethane foam blocks, basalt wool, reed units, cork, coconut fibers and t. D.). Then the design is filed with plasterboard.
Soundproofing floor - advice music lovers
Soundproofing floor apartment is most easily done by having wooden floors, mounted on the joists. In this case, the space between the joists simply fill the selected pictures with sound insulating properties and set on top of the board.
In other cases, the most effective option - is to create a "floating floors". The advantage of such a floor is that with this technology is not related to tie walls and floor slabs, and separated from them by acoustic insulating substrate, which becomes an obstacle to impact noise. Sound waves are cut off due to this principle and not passed on to the walls and foundation.
Modern insulation apartments, you spent (on their own or with the help of experts), allowing for the room acoustics, the level and nature of external sound stimuli, as well as with the necessary technologies, help neutralize unwanted noise to almost imperceptible to the human ear. The logical result of all your effort will be much desired peace and quiet in the apartment.
Once a week we send a digest of the most popular articles.
Copying of materials is possible without preliminary negotiation in the case of a direct hyperlink to our website.
Soundproofing the room with his hands. List of required materials
One of the apartment buildings of problems - noise. That is why the residents of city apartments do sound insulation. This event - quite expensive, if you order it from the professionals. But in the presence of basic knowledge on noise and vibration, as well as the minimum skills of construction work can be expensive to isolate the room from excessive noise, which is emitted by the neighbors.
Soundproofing the room does not begin with the purchase of materials and not with the installation. First we need to determine what type and in what direction is the source of noise. It should be possible to clearly define: it is necessary that the sound does not enter the room, or that it did not go beyond the premises. Also, perhaps the question is much more global. Ie complete insulation of the room. It is from these conditions depends on the complexity of the work, as well as the selection of materials.
In order for this event to be effective, it needs to learn that there are only two kinds of noise sources. This penetration of sound waves due to the thin walls between walls and ceiling. In this case, all the works are reduced to facing the proper materials. Or is the noise the vibratory nature - that it is a serious problem with the insulation work. In this case, the noise source can be removed. Vibration can pass through all the contact plane through the lining materials. Therefore, in order to reduce these variations, it is necessary to use a special designed for this purpose and effective materials.
It should also be borne in mind that the sound in the room can get not only through ceilings or walls. Also, the sound effectively penetrate through the windows, various communication wells, cracks or crevices. If so, then the insulation of the room may not have an effect if you do not take into account all these factors.
Keep in mind that these materials vary widely in purpose, as well as its effectiveness. Before you buy them, it is recommended the most carefully examine their features.
Many people confuse the insulation materials with noise insulation. However, some of the funds that are intended for warming, it effectively absorb sound waves. Perhaps to create silence in some cases it will be a fairly simple insulation.
All materials designed to eliminate noise, can be divided into absorbing and reflecting. To achieve maximum efficiency, it is necessary to use them in combination.
soundproofing materials have a feature - in this direction. Thus, their structure is composed of several layers. Before you make a noise insulation in the room, it is recommended to take into account the direction of the sound absorption. And in order to improve efficiency, it is best to lay material in two layers with opposite sides.
There are also elements for vibration isolation. They - absorbing properties. Install it, even under different mounting designs. Often this is used for foamed silicone or other products based on rubber. Efficiency here depends on the thickness.
Soundproofing the room with his hands
So the room was really quiet, you can take advantage of gypsum technology. In this case, sound insulation products can be placed in the cavity between the plasterboard and the wall.
Many believe that there are serious differences between the work on the ceiling and walls.
This is not true. Technology alone. But in order to carry out works on the floor, it is recommended to use a sound insulator greater density. Then, after stacking, they must be covered with any floor covering.
First of all, it must be inspected for cracks in the walls, various cutting grooves or domestic sockets. If you've found something, it is desirable to resolve this issue, otherwise the effectiveness of getting rid of the noise will be close to zero. It is best suited for this purpose plaster.
Now we need to build the frame. You can use drywall. You will need a profile for him. You can also use strips of wood. Additionally fasteners must be prepared, which will be suitable for attachment to a sound insulator wall material itself, and sheets of drywall screws.
The first step is to create the framework. But there is a small nuance. Do not attach directly to the wall profile. Professionals recommend to retreat from the wall approximately 2 cm. Under must enclose metal profile materials to absorb vibrations based on cork or rubber. Stack follows with a maximum density. Then, after you get the frame, you can move on to the next step - tools tab. If you need an effective insulation of the room, the materials for these purposes - Mineral wool, glass wool or non-rigid boards.
When you make the choice of a suitable insulator, carefully read the sound absorption coefficient. If the material is soft enough, this value will be higher. This means that the absorption and insulation will be much more effective.
Now it is possible to set the profile of plasterboard sheets with screws. Well, then you can do decoration.
Soundproofing the walls in the room cost is not too expensive. So, drywall has an average price of 90 rubles. Absorbers will cost from 60 to 400 rubles. Well here and add screws and cost profile.
Finished decorative panels for soundproofing
Today the market offers a number of such panels. For example, if the wall is too smooth, then it may be necessary to perform obreshechivanie. Then, the panel will be fixed to the grating of the liquid nails. They are connected with each other by the method of "thorn-paz9rdquo ;. This is a pretty effective soundproofing and beautiful room. In addition, the installation of such panels is very simple. Often, these products already have a decorative finish on the basis of fabric or paper.
The prices of these products are on average about 750 rubles. per 1 m 2. Effectiveness and properties of them are quite comparable with the same mineral wool. Among the advantages - extraordinary ease. For example, one panel has a weight of 4 kg.
It is suitable for those who want to perform completely the room. Also, the panels can be a great decoration for the interior.
Stick to the wall material - simple and inexpensive
This is the most inexpensive and the most simple way. There is no need even of mineral wool. In this case, just purchased in rolls of insulation. It is conveniently glued to the wall with glue for vinyl wallpaper. Such a substrate will cost about 1310 rubles. for 1 roll. This 7 m 2. But this budget and not very effective solution. The noise level in this case will fall by only 60%.
This is true for those who rent an apartment and do not want to make expensive repairs.
Material for soundproofing walls of the room: which is better?
Acoustics experts argue that there is no sound insulation. There is only the design for this. But we still consider some sound insulator.
This sandwich panels, as well as special liner sheets on the basis of the drywall. This panel is a dense and soft materials. Thus, as a dense layer gipsovolokno used, and as the soft - rock wool or glass wool. With regard to the thickness, it depends on the particular model. For attaching panels to the walls, there are special structural components.
This material is based on eco-friendly fibers of softwood. These durable, resilient and flexible as possible save panel of airborne sound and vibration. Such articles are decorated by vinyl wallpaper or a special linen cloth. They are easy to install and to clean.
For ordinary apartment special acoustic panels are considered to be the best material, but if it is expensive, then suitable mineral wool. This solution is best value.
Now that you know how to make noise insulation in the room. It does not need to have special skills. I cope with it any person, and in return receive a complete silence.
How to make sound insulation in the apartment
The noise, the music, the clatter of the wall or the floor above, and very sleepy. This problem is familiar to all.
Someone is not a problem at all, but only an echo of the normal, not a lonely life. For them, the presence of another thread becomes a clatter of heels going on a date neighbor from above, shouting and jumping children from the apartment next door, loud neighbors reconciliation on two floors below. You never know.
But if you do not like to be the subject of discussion. Appreciate your and other people's personal space. I have small children, and you wish that no one would wake them, and they never stopped anyone. If your neighbors have bought the scourge of human ears - Karaoke - and drunken nights nasal voice output "Rose Street" .A under you live any grandmother, who has only one proof of existence - the nerves, exhausted neighbors, doctors and police officers.
You will certainly at least once thought about how to organize and make the sound insulation in the apartment with his hands. On this issue, our article will answer.
Soundproofing in a flat: how to choose and make
Planning soundproofing rooms, is to decide what kind of noise to be eliminated.
They are conditionally divided into the following groups:
2. Shock. It's a different noise created by vibration of surfaces and transmitted through walls and floors. Examples include, moving objects sounds steps working drill or puncher.
3. Structural. From the pumps, elevators and other systems.
In addition, you will have to determine the direction of sound, with which you fight. Because all of the materials for the protection against noise are divided into two major groups:
2. Noise. It is designed to reduce the acoustic wave energy in the interaction with the barrier. They are used in the reverse situation, when you yourself do not prevent the spread of the room noise. For example, if your child is practicing the piano, and you are considerate enough not to force others to assess its progress on a daily basis.
For effective protection of the home you will likely have to combine different materials.
Although there are enough manufacturers claim that their panels have and those and other properties.
Proofing properties of various structures are more dependent on the rigidity and mass of the lining, as well as the width of the air layer between it and the wall.
There are mounting options which are the same number used in drywall and acoustic mineral boards differ in their sound insulation performance by 1.5 times.
First, let's outline work plan.
Noise can be transmitted not only through the walls and floor slabs, but also in building envelopes. In addition, many low-quality prefabricated houses differ embedded inter-panel joints. Most often used in housing construction Mortise sockets and switches, which positively affects the aesthetics of the design, but it is not very convenient in terms of soundproofing. Because in these places the wall thickness is substantially less.
Therefore, the first step is to plan the house and inspect the wall carefully, floor and ceiling. Check all joints, places the passage of pipes and electrical equipment installation space.
All found during inspection of cracks and crevices must be sealed.
Remove the outlets and switches, and further isolate the hole. For example, to fill the space of the duct seal the mineral wool and gypsum plaster. But out of foam, despite the ease of use, good sound insulator will not work.
On the plan it should be noted the noisiest places, denoting the degree and nature of sound harassing you.
Now you can be determined with the kinds of work.
- If you primarily pesters different airborne noise, then you should think about changing the adjacent walls.
- It is possible that this sound is heard, and through the other wall when it is necessary to isolate them all.
- In the case of low frequencies and in annoying sound, to protect the work from it will include also the floating screed unit using a special mineral wool.
The hardest thing is necessary, if the disturbing sound - structural or stroke. Since the noise is transmitted by vibration, and after the improvement of one of the walls can start to "sound" different.
How to make a sound insulation wall in the apartment
The level of insulation depends on the design thickness, so even competent alignment of the walls and quality stucco can markedly reduce sound proximity neighbors. Another simple way to budget and sound insulation - Installation of drywall constructions. The main disadvantage of this method is to decrease the size of the room for 8-9 cm.
The whole process is similar to a simple alignment, but there are some significant differences.
1. Drywall can not be attached directly to the wall, requiring isolation. The use of conventional rigid suspension is unacceptable, it is through these fluctuations walls will be sent a new surface. Therefore, the framework for the system better to do independent, with ceiling and floor.
2. special, non-transmitted structure-borne noise, fixing must be used. In addition, the guide profiles should be mounted with special anti-vibration pads.
3. Between the profiles and the wall should be a gap of 5 mm, which is then filled with silicone sealant.
4. The profiles can be filled with foam to increase strength and reduce sonority.
5. The frame is filled with soundproofing material tightly. As the cheapest option often offered mineral wool. And unlike Styrofoam often proposed that against the advice did not help the noise, it is really a little bit increases the sound insulating properties of the structure. But it is better to use an acoustic mineral wool, or other special panel.
6. Set drywall.
7. The joints and seams are sealed design carefully soundproofing sealant.
How to make a good sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment
The problem of sound penetration through the floor and the ceiling meets not less common. Sometimes the reason for this is the use in the construction of thinner slabs.
Most often, sound insulation of the ceiling is made with the help of plasterboard and special materials.
How to make sound insulation in the apartment from the neighbors below or insulate floor
For soundproofing the floor usually used "floating" screed. Its peculiarity is that the coupler is separated from the base of the intermediate soundproofing layer and is not hard on the corners fastening.
Or to apply mineral wool insulation of increased density and indicating to the application of the floor screed.
In addition, there are special materials.
1. First, clean all floor construction to the floor slab. The surface is cleaned and leveled. At this stage, should rattle and repaired all the cracks and crevices in the joints, and re-seal them.
2. On the perimeter is necessary to place the tape deformation. It can be used as a foam strip of thickness 0.5-1 cm.
3. Then, in accordance with the level of tight fit insulation material. Correctly stacked sheets do not bounce, and "kicking". If due to some irregularities sheets do not fall, the surface underneath can be corrected by means of construction sand.
4. If the floor is conducting, under it in sheets cut grooves.
5. Sets the level of lighthouses.
6. continue to do a dry cement-sand screed. First, on the basis of about 2 cm is filled solution is placed reinforcing mesh, and 2 cm of the solution. Then just have to align our floors, remove and clean up the beacons.
Protects against noise openings: sound insulation of windows and doors
When the door is closed the sound penetrates into the room through the various cracks and gaps. In most places this comes to fabric abut against the door frame. And simply sealing joints can greatly influence the situation.
For example, the gaps with the doorframe can be locked by means of self-adhesive rubber seals.
Sometimes the door itself must be replaced.
To increase the insulation is better to choose a window glass with a large thickness (over 36 mm).
The most effective are single-chamber with glass of different thickness and widest possible remote bar.
How can I make a noise insulation in the apartment with the help of a tree
The use of wood as the soundproofing is not too wide. Cork can reduce impact noise from your apartment, if put under a concrete screed or floorboard approximately 20 dB. But you from the loud music from the neighbors will not protect.
But opportunities for greater insulation from the sound.
There are many decorative acoustic insulation panels based on wood and MDF, which not only reduces noise but also decorates your home.
In addition, when the ceiling or wall covering various wooden materials (panels, Gusvarblok, block house, battens and the like. D.) May be attached to the frame instead of the plasterboard.
However, in this case, there is an important item, the connection of individual elements should be as airtight as possible.
And, of course, the floor on floating screed in the same way as any other, looks great with parquet floors.
How better to make sound insulation in the apartment with his hands
How could you make sure the measures we have described, it is available for self-fulfillment. And on the Internet there are many videos on how to make himself one or another kind of sound insulation in the apartment.
Perhaps the most difficult - is to choose the right materials and design.
In order not to spend your time, effort and money to follow these simple guidelines:
2. Do not skimp on materials and structures. The foam does not help in resolving problems with noise, and cheap mineral wool helps at times worse than dedicated counterparts.
3. Do not defeat the initial preparation - embedded slits joints, soundproofing and outlet passages of pipes. It is possible that even these simple measures will significantly reduce the noise level in your home.