- 1 How to whiten the ceiling with his hands
- 2 Belim ceiling on their own without professional tools
- 3 How to whitewash the ceiling with his hands
How to whiten the ceiling with his hands
If starting the interior decoration of the room, you decide how to economically and environmentally to make the ceilings in your house or apartment, the answer is the same: to whitewash the ceiling with his hands. Traditionally, whitewash - a painting in white color. But it is not so important. Coloration can be supplemented with special dyes in color. Moreover, using simple materials, such as lime or chalk. The method as old as the world. Yet still in use and he finds his supporters through a number of indisputable advantages.
What is the advantage of such repairs?
- Firstly, it is accessible enough and cheap, compared with tension and gypsum ceiling coverings.
- Secondly, lime, chalk - substances are natural, environmentally friendly, having good moisture resistance. The lime moreover possesses disinfectant properties.
- Third, the ceiling cover layer obtained sufficiently durable abrasion resistant.
- Fourth, the life of whitewashed ceiling of 3-5 years and repeated repair is also cheap and easy.
- Fifth, whitewash the ceiling can be yourself, you need only consider a few simple guidelines.
Preparing the room to the ceiling repair
When deciding on the whitewashed ceilings lime or chalk, you must first prepare the premises for repair. Move all the furniture, paintings, lamps, and other recorded with the room decor. Something that can not be removed and make the room you need to carefully wrap polyethylene film designated masking tape. This film is now sold in any store building materials. There's an easier way - to close all the surface of posters and newspapers, which also needs to be fixed with paper tape.
You need to take care of their own health and safety. And a pair of lime dust is harmful to protect the lungs need at work to wear a special respirator. And a hat, work clothes and comfortable shoes. Safety glasses and rubber gloves will complete your outfit.
We have already discussed the pros whitewash ceilings. If all these arguments seem to be weighty to you, over the matter. Before attempting to repair it is necessary to prepare - to buy the necessary materials and tools. To do this, first we determine whether we whitewash the ceiling chalk or lime. If the ceiling is already bleached, then you need to check what - lime or chalk. To do this, wet a small area, and rub. Ceiling bleached lime darkened and if you rub, not to dirty hands. A chalky whitewash stain soak and hand rub if.
Defining what once used to whitewash the ceiling, it is possible, especially not philosophising, to buy the same material and whitewash. If there is a certain goal only whiten with lime or chalk, the surface should be thoroughly clean from the previous paint. Places cracking putty. Place of ceiling tiles and putty joints and glue serpyanku for special strength.
What tools are needed to whitewash the ceiling lime or chalk.
- Brush natural fiber width of 15-20 centimeters or paintbrush CEILING.
- Roller tray (tray) for the paint (lime).
- A sprinkler or a pneumatic nebulizer, sprayer.
- A vacuum cleaner with a special nozzle for bleaching dyes.
What materials are needed to whitewash the ceiling lime or chalk. The number of components in the calculation of about ten square meters.
- Whitewash ceiling lime: 2-3 kgs of hydrated lime, 50-100 grams of salt, 150-200 grams alum, to 500 grams of dye. Lime is diluted in 5 liters of water in a large tank 10 liters then added salt previously dissolved in the water. In the process of dissolving the salt precipitate is, therefore, if any, need to filter the salt solution through a sieve. Add a solution of alum and dye. The dye is used only at the request. The whole composition is thoroughly mixed, if the consistency is too thick, you will need to add more water. Check how turned thick liquid or solution can be dipped therein tip of the blade. Whitewashing should paint the blade, and not run from it a light jet.
- Whitewash ceiling chalk: 3 kg of chalk diluted five liters of warm water, add 30 grams of PVA glue bustilat or joinery and bluing necessary to add about 15-20 grams, because this solution allows for painting color. Thoroughly mix the chalk whitewash, check the thickness as described above. If necessary, add water or chalk.
Before whitewashing the ceiling, you need to prepare the surface. Clear from grease, dirt and dust with warm water and soap solution. Clean old ceiling cover layer with a sponge or brush. If the surface is too contaminated will have to remove all the whitewash. Do it carefully so as not to damage the plaster. Clean the surface with small portions of its pre-wetting. For cleaning, use a spatula and scoop or a special pan, so as not to contaminate the floor and furniture. Remains of dirt are removed with a wet sponge.
Then seal the cracks and seams and filler serpyanku. Emery cloth to completely level. In areas with high humidity must be treated with a solution of an antifungal surface. It's good to use a primer specifically designed for lime or chalk. After priming it should dry out for 24 hours.
How to whitewash the ceiling: it is necessary to start whitewashing the wall, carefully walking up to the perimeter of the walls. Whitewash the ceiling is necessary in several layers. The first layer is applied parallel to the window. Second - perpendicular to the first layer. Each layer must overlap the previous one. It is necessary to avoid the formation of drops or bubbles - so in their place are formed spots or stains. In the process, you need time to time to stir the solution and chalk and limestone. This is to ensure that the paint has the same thickness and layers are different from each other. Whitewash plot the final layer towards the light, i.e. towards the window opening.
The whitewash the ceiling - which tool is better
The oldest, simplest and most common way - to whitewash the ceiling using pobelochnoy hand, called otherwise CEILING. You can use other brush with synthetic or natural bristles.
More efficiently and smoothly turn whitewashing paint roller. Let's look at how to whitewash the ceiling with a roller. A solution for whitewash poured into a special tray or pan. The roller is dipped completely in the solution, is rolled on the inclined surface of the pallet for uniform distribution and the paint is applied to the headliner. If lengthening roll put on the handle, it will be possible to paint the ceiling of the floor.
Perhaps someone will recommend to paint the ceiling with a vacuum cleaner with a special nozzle. In my opinion, a vacuum cleaner is still quite expensive and not very user-friendly tool for whitewashing. In such case it is better to use a sprayer or spray gun. When these tools whitewashing paint should be applied in a circular motion. Big disadvantage of this method is that paint splatter and the floors and walls. Yes, and spent extra whitewash. A plus in saving time and effort. Yes, and whitewashing the ceiling is a more smooth. So the choice is yours. But if whitewash the ceiling in the room where still not renovated, not executed interior trim and yet the furniture and other interior items, that is, of course, paint roller will be much more effective.
As a result of this work we get healthy, eco-friendly snow-white ceiling. Saving a considerable amount, especially if the work is done on their own, without involving other people's hands. And why pay someone. When can this simple job to do with his own hands, knowing how to whitewash the ceiling.
Belim ceiling on their own without professional tools
If you decide to do repairs on their hands, the first in a repair - whitewashing the ceiling with his hands. And in order to correctly perform the job, you are invited to follow the next procedure.
If you skip this step, a new whitewash soon osypetsya. Especially important is the preparation, if the ceiling was whitewashed with lime, and now you decide to whiten his chalk or paint, or vice versa. It is clear that the mechanical contamination (grease, dust, etc.) also need to remove if you want to whitewash the ceiling yourself.
To determine what you need to moisten the whitewashed ceiling of the old whitewash. If it is darkened and does not stain your finger, it means whitewashing was lime. If the surface is easy to stiraetsya- was chalk whitewash. Latex paint will remain unchanged.
Now consider how quickly washed off the old whitewash from the ceiling:
- Cover the floor and furniture, which could not endure, polyethylene or other protective waterproof material;
- Prepare warm soapy water, a sponge or a brush;
- Moisturize old whitewash over the squares, as if you wet the entire ceiling, it is dry and you have to repeat moistening;
- Scouring soaked portion of the rigid spatula, substitute tray to avoid possible contamination of the floor;
- Remnants of whitewash rinse with a wet sponge.
Even if the old coating is not contaminated, it is still necessary to humidify it to a new better absorbed.
So you were able to remove whitewash, it's time to move on to the next step:
- Joints ceiling tiles seal the special tape, if necessary (serpyanku).
- Washed the ceiling, if necessary, proshpaklyuyte for alignment and elimination of possible cracks.
- After drying putty powertrowel her sandpaper to the entire surface is smooth and prime the entire ceiling area.
The primer has dried up - we go further.
One of the options - chalk whitewash the ceiling. It is used by those who prefer white and sveezhest. To prepare the chalk whitewash for 10 sq.m:
- The warm water pour 30 g of the adhesive (carpenter, PVA or Bustilat) or dissolve finely planed soap;
- Thoroughly stirring, slowly pour the sifted chalk (about 3 kg);
- To avoid a yellowish hue and brightness for amplification add a solution of about 20 g of methylene blue.
Another embodiment - whitewash lime, which is selected because of its germicidal properties and ability to fix small cracks. In this case, 10 m dissolve in warm water and 1.7 kg of lime and 40 g of methylene blue.
To dilute whitewash properly, check its consistency. To do this, dip into the solution a metal object, and taking a look - if the solution is too thin, whitewash will flow from it, leaving no trace. Then add chalk or lime in small doses until then that the solution did not flow down from the object completely.
Produce whitewash the ceiling can be a brush, roller, spray gun or vacuum cleaner with function of blowing air. However, a variant with a spray gun or a vacuum cleaner for the home environment less suitable because in a small area sprays are deposited not only on the ceiling.
First you need to choose a brush for whitewashing, because of its state depends on the quality of work. It is better to buy specially designed for your purpose brush with natural bristles width of 15-20 cm. Prior to use, soak it in warm water for a few hours. This way you'll get that wooden brush handle swell and secure bristles. Then they will not remain on the whitewashed surface. After work, rinse it under running water.
Rollers allow to perform whitewash the ceiling faster, but the quality will be better. Especially when they are selected and no separate description they do not require. will buy a special pan (ditch) is necessary for the use of the roller.
If you Belite ceiling brush, apply the first strokes perpendicular windows (the light source) and a final layer - parallel windows. Then, when dry will not be visible bands.
Easier process whitewash provide application roller:
A solution for whitewash or pour paint into the special pallet (cuvettes), dip it in the roller and roll it over the slope of the pallet to the solution (ink) is uniformly distributed over the surface of the roller, and the excess drained from the platen.
Doing layers whitewash roller, as their aim the brush when painting - first to the windows, and then parallel frames. Pushing the roller across the ceiling, make overlaps of about 5 cm, so as not to leave the NOT, areas. Do not forget that in the joints of the walls and ceilings, where the roller will not reach, it is best to use a brush.
Alternative: ceiling "vodoemulsionkoy" whitewash
Best not to mess with chalk or lime mortar, use water-based paints with whitewashing the ceiling. It allows you to evenly paint the ceiling and looks beautiful.
Only the ceiling preparing to paint the ceiling after whitewashing, requires special care. And out of all kinds of paints only vodoemulsionku provide a better "sticking" to the old whitewash and will not peel.
The second coloring layer is best applied perpendicularly to the first, so there will be less divorces
Also, to apply the paint quality of whitewash, it is better to make coloring in two layers, the second layer can be applied only after the first drying.
- Calculate the cost of whitewash given the number of the required materials. To do this, knowing the consumption of paint, chalk or lime, glue, blueprints, and other components, calculate their costs. Add the cost of tools (brushes, rollers, pallet, etc.). Still get cheaper than ordering the suspension or ceilings.
- During whitewash and drying of the ceiling does not allow drafts and direct sunlight, otherwise the result of your work osypetsya.
- Keep during whitewash solution (paint) distributed over the ceiling without dripping and sagging.
- Do not forget about safety - wear protective gloves and goggles, headgear.
Subject to all rules of the following repair whitewash the ceiling will need 3-5 years.
Good den.popal ambushed campaign case plastered ceiling was many years ago, it is not washed off nothing, no water, no soap and no vinegar or baking soda, tried to clean karschetkoy, can anyone knows, there are some alternatives?
Paint on the old whitewash and all.
Defining than dyed: when wet ceiling darkens and rag layer remain white, but not easily. It is hoped that this - vodoemulsionku?
It agreed that the best option would be to paint vodoemulsionkoy. Chalk and lime is already a thing of the past. I'm in a private house old ceiling limed, the easiest way to fasten the ceiling foam squares.
If the room has a foam - first go cockroaches, then retired, etc.
Foam, foam - this is for fans of hydrocyanic acid, drug addicts ...
How to whitewash the ceiling with his hands
The apartment is renovated, it is important to pay special attention to the ceiling. Smooth and even surface can emphasize the dignity of the room, filling the space with light and air, which are so necessary to create a cozy atmosphere. Among the variety of finishing materials used for the repair and decoration of the ceilings, whitewashed leading in popularity.
How to whitewash the ceiling with his hands
The undoubted advantage of the material is attractive s process. In addition, many consumers are opting for whitewash, focusing on its hygienic safety and health safety, as opposed to hinged construction, the tension ceiling or ceiling tile.
How to whitewash a ceiling
Beautiful gloss svezhevybelennogo ceiling perfectly combined with any design solution of the room, visually expand the space (see the article on our site about the beautiful ceiling with his hands). Finally, whitewash the ceiling alone - the task is quite feasible, if you strictly adhere to rules and regulations.
How to whitewash a ceiling
The content of the steps below:
The whitewashed ceilings. Pros and cons of materials
Chalk is most often used for whitewashing ceilings, lime or water-based paints. Most often, the choice of material are guided by what was previously processed ceiling. In order to determine this, swipe your finger across the dry surfaces: lime wash not smears, but the chalk will remain on the finger.
The whitewashed ceilings
However, if you have doubts, you can rub a wet hand ceiling - lime darken, but the skin does not remain, but the chalk will smear after the hand. Whiten chalk it not recommended over lime because of the potential formation of numerous streaks and spots, which would entail repeated re-painting. Ideally, spending ceilings need painting every year or two.
- Chalk whitewash provide a deeper white than any other coatings, is resistant to moisture and has antibacterial properties, besides this kind of whitewash is completely safe and completely hypoallergenic, meeting all hygiene requirements.
There are several types of emulsions:
- Satin emulsion allows multiple defects hide the ceiling surface due to the fact that the coating is somewhat glossy, depending on the degree of gloss emulsion markings may be different;
- matt emulsion has a dense texture, which makes it possible to conceal a substantial surface defects, but it dries much longer;
- Special types of emulsions intended for kitchens or bathrooms, possess enhanced water-resistant and antibacterial properties.
One more argument in favor of chalk or lime - optionally pre-primed ceiling with whitewash these materials.
The tools needed to work
Whiten ceilings possible as using a roller or brush. These methods are optimal for small apartments and country houses and premises.
How to whitewash a ceiling
Whitewashing with the gun is more laborious and costly, requires skill and ability to work with the unit, except when whitewashing paint spray creates a large amount of spray that can interfere with the operation.
Thus, the need for self-pobelochnyh works:
- bucket for mixing chalk or lime mortar;
- building a mixer or a drill with a special nozzle;
- spatula to remove the old coating;
- a container with hot water;
- covering material;
- brush with stiff bristles or rollers for whitewash;
- protection means (headwear, masks, eye protection mask and rubber gloves);
- tray of paint;
- sandpaper and holder.
The whitewash the ceiling
New brushes need to fully soak in warm water for several hours before using. Prepared in this way the brush at work will not "lose" the bristles. It is recommended to choose a natural stiff bristle width of 12-15 cm.
The rollers are selected individually, based on personal preferences. The main thing that was used to whitewash an unused tool in order to avoid defects and flaws of the coating.
Dilution with water-based paint is most often not particularly difficult, but not so on the preparation of the chalk or lime mortar.
How to prepare a solution
A solution is prepared from an approximate calculation that for each square meter of a painted one ceiling layer need pint mixture. But most of the component compounds are 10 square meters. M. The finished mixture can be stored for no more than 36 hours, and the dry ingredients - several years without damage and the loss of their properties and qualities. Wherever possible solution is mixed using a mixer construction.
To prepare Cretaceous solution will need a 30 to 100 ml of glue (PVAC or joiner), rubbed on a fine grater to The piece of soap 50 g and 3 kg sieved through a sieve of chalk (sieving - a necessary step allowing to remove debris and the largest particles pobelochnogo of material) and 10-20 g of methylene blue ordinary white color to enhance and prevent the possible yellowing of the coating.
First, dissolved in warm water and soap flakes glue, then a uniform thin stream under constant stirring, pour chalk powder premixed with methylene blue.
Lime mixture is prepared is somewhat simpler: diluted in warm water, 1.75 g grated lime, 100 g of sodium chloride and 40-45 g of methylene blue. However saturated white light such a mixture does not pay off is their masking properties.
The amount of water taken arbitrary. Approximately 1 kg of chalk or lime takes 2 liters of warm water. To determine the optimal mixture consistency use such method: a solution is lowered vertically metal object with a smooth surface (blade or knife) if pulling mixture flows, leaving no trace, - the solution insufficiently thick and should be added chalk or lime. In that case, increasing the concentration of the mixture gradually produce, after each addition of checking the quality of the solution.
Preparation of the solution for whitewash
The resulting mixture left to stand for 10-15 minutes, then filtered through a layer or rag. Well-cooked mixture has no lumps and flowing colors metal white. Immediately before the whitewash solution is mixed well.
Before whitewashing the room you need to free up as much as possible: remove all items, dismantle cornices, chandeliers and other lighting fixtures. Large pieces of furniture and built-in objects and decorative elements good shelter with plastic wrap and covered with adhesive tape. Special care is necessary to lay flooring - this will save time later harvesting.
Floors can lay several layers of old newspapers or sheets, floor skirting - okleit masking tape. If necessary, close the ceiling plinths and moldings.
Prepare the ceiling. Step 1. Remove old whitewash
Even if the old whitewash not cracked and looks quite clean, it is better to remove. To facilitate this, there are special solutions, but we can use proven methods - warm water or a mild soapy solution and a trowel.
Removal of the old whitewash
Before starting the work necessary to protect the face, body and hand protection. Lime or chalk detrimental effect on unprotected skin, badly washed off from the hair.
Removal whitewash laborious and time-consuming process that depends largely on the nature pobelochnoy mixture. Chalk stripping layer more easily than lime.
How to remove old lime whitewash?
Most often, it just scraped from the ceiling using a metal spatula, pre obstuchal cleaned area with a rubber mallet. Macerate lime wash is ineffective, as the old layer will komkovatsya and smeared on the ceiling.
Known purification method ceiling plate using the paste, when the entire surface is densely covered with the solution, and after it is scraped with a spatula with whitewash.
How to remove old whitewash
The layer of chalk removed from the ceiling by means of hot water with 3% acetic acid and sponges (acceptable to use a single roll with a long handle). Thoroughly soaked stream leave for half an hour to swell the layer of whitewash, and then carefully remove the spatula. If the layer is not sufficiently swelled, ceiling moisturize again.
Mel on problem areas need to rub the sponge. And at the end of the ceiling cleaning - to the surface to dry. purity checked by the presence or absence of white residue on the hands when touching the ceiling.
Step 2. Cleaning, correction of irregularities and primer
When the old layer of whitewash was removed, the ceiling must be cleaned of stains, grease or rust, mold and mildew, if any.
Rust and smudges easily eliminated with warm salt water and a sponge. Dried place desirable to treat the copper sulfate solution (75 g per 1 liter of water).
Old tracks fat cleaned with cloth moistened with a solution of soda salt, which is sold in commercial departments. After removing the stain area should be washed with water.
If the joints of plates on polotke a concern they can glue serpyanku - it will retain the integrity of the coating from cracking. Slot cavities and cracks need proshpaklevat. It is best to remove the ceiling panels fit defects homemade adhesive putty - it is well kept and easy to use.
To obtain it required two of the wood glue and plaster and one part of the sifted chalk. The mixture was kneaded in water and applied to the ceiling with a spatula. After drying, the surface is overwritten using sandpaper to smooth state. Prepared ceiling primed so - this will give the surface an additional moisture barrier properties and facilitate the process of whitewashing himself. Primed the ceiling is left to dry for 24 hours.
When well prepared ceiling enough two layers of whitewash. Should start at the corners, mentally dividing the ceiling into sectors. Most convenient to start from the window, gradually moving toward the door. At work it is very important to eliminate drafts, or whitewashing can crumble.
Experts recommend blanching, alternately using artificial and natural light - so it will be easier to identify the flaws and fix them in the course of work.
Each layer of whitewash should be well dry and only then proceed to the next. There are some nuances with whitewashing the various instruments.
How to whitewash a ceiling
Whitewash roller is preferable because it provides the best results, even with no experience. Using roller can adhere V -shaped motions for uniformity of staining. A headed in different directions can be applied e layers: lower perpendicular to the window, and the top - in parallel, carefully rolling the roller over the surface. This is to avoid divorce. The width of the overlap between strokes should be smaller than 5 cm.
The direction of the ceiling whitewash
It is important to keep an eye to avoid any sagging and dripping. For this underlayer excess solution to be removed from the roller by rolling the roller along the inclined part of the cuvette.
Remote areas and corners are painted over with a brush of medium size.
How to whitewash a ceiling
Whitewash brush - process more laborious and lengthy. The principle is the same - work starts from the window with short strokes, layers are applied headed in different directions ie the width of the interception of 5-6 cm.
Whitewashing the ceiling - the process time consuming, but it is quite feasible on their own.
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