The thickness of tile adhesive

The maximum and minimum thickness of the tile adhesives for laying tiles

Repair - it is a complex and long, and you need to prepare for it carefully. Select the general idea, create a project to buy materials, to invite artists. And do not forget to properly calculate how much you will need wallpaper, tiles or glue, that at the crucial moment did not have to drop everything and run back to the store.

Today we want to talk about what should be the thickness of the tile adhesives. Typically, this moment causes the most difficulty for beginners in the field of repair and decoration of premises.

If you've never had to deal with gluing tiles, we recommend that you call a specialist. We must take into account many factors in the calculations. This type of material, size and quality of the surface. For example, different amounts of glue mixture needed to cause a tile and granite.

Of course, you can ask a consultant at the store. He knows what the thickness of the tile adhesive is recommended for your selected cladding material. In this case, the adjustment will have to produce yourself as a consultant has no information about the quality of the surface.

At first glance, it seems that all the walls are smooth. Accordingly, the average thickness is selected and tile adhesives. But apply one square to different places and try a little shake. If everywhere he goes perfectly straight - you're in luck, or you have already leveled surface. Most often, tiles begins "igrat9raquo ;, which means that all the dips and hollows will be filled with glue, which will significantly increase the flow rate.

But this is the worst option, because after gluing tiles on the wall will lie smoothly, greatly worsen the appearance. Therefore we are arming any material (gypsum "Alineks9raquo ;," Vetonit9raquo;) and begin the leveling surface. When it becomes completely flat, giving it dry, and you can get down to business.

In stores today, a fantastic selection of materials, each of which has its own characteristics. Usually, the consultant offers:

  • Cementitious adhesive. This is a special dry mixture of cement, sand and plasticizers. Work is very easy with him, was diluted with water and applied to the wall. However, compared with other materials having a similar effect, it will have to spend quite a lot. The thickness of the tile adhesive will depend on the type of work performed. When laying tiles or wall tiles on the floor it will be different. If you use tiles, the wall should be applied approximately 5-7 mm composition. However, for heavy and thick slabs may be required to put 7-9 mm, so that they were kept for a long time.
  • Bicomponent adhesive compositions - is epoxy resin and the catalyst. The result is a very viscous mixture which provides a strong bond with the surface. The thickness of the tile adhesive during installation will be minimal. If the tile is not too heavy, you will need to put no more than 5 mm.
  • ANOVA, one-component adhesive - a mixture based Smolnya components. Depending on the severity of the tiles and the presence of defects on the wall is required to put on the wall from 3 to 5 mm. This is enough to make your repair was perfect over the years.

Of all the options that exist today in the shops, ideal for wall covering is ceramic tile or tiles. The second option is more simple to use. The optimum thickness for the wall tiles deemed 4-9 mm. It should be taken into account and its perimeter. In other words, increasing the thickness and area increases. With a little tile work easier, but more difficult to pick up the picture. Too thin products are of poor quality and are very fragile, and too massive can after a while start to fall off.

In order to cover the floor efficiently and for a long time, too, need a good tile adhesive. Consumption and thickness - the value of variables, but we will try to outline the boundaries that will help you navigate. Minimal adhesive layer to be placed on the floor, must be from 9 to 11 mm. At the same time, experts recommend to be guided by the thickness of the selected tile. Typically floor taken not less than 10 mm. If you decide to create a mosaic floor of the small fragments, it is possible to use a smaller layer.

Misconception of many people who first engaged in the repair, the unwillingness to level the floor surface before pasting tiles. All flaws planned to flatten due to the adhesive layer. In fact much better to put the tie out of the cement, and then later facecoat. Therefore, using a spirit level, check how much sex you have a flat. If this is no problem, then the Arm with a notched trowel to the right for you to wave (3, 5, 11 mm) and just lie flat adhesive composition. Otherwise it is necessary to perform measurements continuously.

The thickness of the tile adhesive to the floor should be the same over the entire surface, or may turn out failures or convexity. All the defects necessarily lead to shrinkage of the flooring, which is extremely undesirable.

The maximum thickness of the tile adhesive

Do not forget that what matters is not only the presence / absence of defects, but also the structure of the floor and the tiles used. Thus, concrete and granite have high porosity, and hence part of the glue mixture will be absorbed by them. If you stacked granite on plastic or wood, it is best to use an epoxy-based solutions, while the adhesive is applied 2-5 mm thick.

If the floor in a concrete room, it is better to take the cement composition. The thickness of the tile adhesive during installation can be up to 12 mm, but this is the ultimate limit. Remember that when parameters such surface should dry for several days before a room can enter. For walls such application would be unacceptable, it is better to select other compounds that can be placed over a thin layer.

How much material is required in the room

You first need to calculate how many square meters you will need to paste tiles. We will not dwell on this. There are several methods that make it possible to know the amount of glue you want to purchase.

  • If you know the exact brand that will buy, then go to the manufacturer's site, enter the dimensions of the room, each tile and get the result in kilograms.
  • The second option is more complicated. Example: accept adhesive consumption of 1.3 kg per 1 m 2. Tile size of 30 * 30 cm requires thickness of 4 mm. Consequently, the flow amount indicative 5.2 kg / m 2. That is, in an area of ​​10 square meters. m it will take 52 kg of glue. It turns out that for each square meter will go on 5.2 kg. But if the tile dimensions vary, you will need to re-look the desired layer thickness and to recalculate the entire formula.
  • You can roughly estimate future costs. To do this, we take a ½ thickness of the tiles and the average flow rate for the selected adhesive. Multiply and obtain the required number.

It is best to first visit the shop and here choose which material best suited for your repairs.

  • Unis glue. This manufacturer produces about 10 different products, but the tile adhesive to flow 1m2 at a thickness of 1 mm coating is the same, 1 kg.
  • Geresit. Tile size of 15 * 15 required 2.5 kg / m2. The larger the area, the higher the consumption. If the value of each square is 40 * 40, you will need to have 4.7 kg / m 2.

Similarly, we can see the cost of each particular brand. Do not forget that any work is best obtained from the master, so it sets out the repair, try to enlist the help of a specialist.

What should be the thickness of the tile adhesives + Video

Laying tiles - responsible job that requires the right approach, because the tile is not cheap, but in the case of an unsuccessful installation perekleit it is not so easy, and it is not always possible. It is therefore important to adhere to proper conditions for carrying out work on the installation and tiling. One of the main parameters that affects the quality of the lining and the duration of its life, is the thickness of the tile adhesive.

[Click on the photos

Laying tiles - responsible job that requires the right approach, because the tile is not cheap, but in the case of an unsuccessful installation perekleit it is not so easy, and it is not always possible. It is therefore important to adhere to proper conditions for carrying out work on the installation and tiling. One of the main parameters that affects the quality of the lining and the duration of its life, is the thickness of the tile adhesive.

How to determine the correct thickness of the tile adhesive

The fact that the "right" thickness, suitable for all occasions, does not exist. The thickness can vary and it depends on several factors:

the size and weight of the tile;

coating type (ceiling / wall / floor).

Of course, the main influence on the thickness of the tile adhesive has the first item in the list - the size and weight of the tiles. Normally the tile weight is directly proportional to its size, however for convenience layer is determined from the size of the tile part.

Thus, for the tiles with a side of 50 mm is sufficient to apply the adhesive layer 3 mm, the flow rate of dry mix will make up no more than 1.8 kg / m².

For tiles with a side of 100 mm tile adhesive thickness should be about 4 mm, glue consumption when such a layer will be somewhere 2 kg / m².

If your party tiles is 150 mm or tile dimensions 100 × 200 mm - a layer of mortar must be 6 mm, glue consumption will then increase to 3 - 3.5 kg / m².

For the tiles with sides 20 and 25 centimeters of the adhesive layer should be equal to about 8 mm, glue consumption will then be about 3.6 - 4 kg / m².

If your party tiles is 300 mm - tile adhesive thickness will be 10 mm, the adhesive layer in such flow will increase to 4.5 - 5 kg / m².

In practice, even an experienced installer is not always capable of withstanding necessary for optimum adhesion layer solution. Begins to talk about the wizard and does not account for such skills are acquired only for a few years, with the first attempt to sustain the correct thickness of tile adhesive is unlikely. Therefore, to work on the installation of the tile is better to use special notched trowel, which allows not only to maintain a fairly accurate dosage and the adhesive layer, but also simplifies the work.

Firstly, when using a spatula or the toothed comb adhesive is evenly distributed bonding surface and no voids tiles.

Second, the excess glue is not squeezed out in all directions and does not interfere with the installer, complicating the job. Smeared with glue tiles need time to wash, or cured, the material would have to tear off from the surface, which can lead to damage to the tiles.

Third, trowel allows a very precise adjustment of the desired thickness of the adhesive layer of the solution and its exact withstand.

Thus, by using a metering tool, you not only simplifies the work itself, but also minimize the consumption of adhesive and stick to the correct parameters and mounting conditions that have a positive impact on the quality and coverage of its service life. The thickness of the layer of tile adhesive - an important structural parameter, which determines the strength of tile adhesion to the substrate, so you should stick layer recommended by the manufacturer.

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Polyurethane adhesives - a synthetic adhesives which are obtained from the substances used for the synthesis of polyurethanes. Polyurethanes - are polymers which are film-forming substances having increased resistance to gasoline, acids, oils, and other corrosive substances

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Glue for ceramic granite Ceresit CM 14 hardens quickly, grouting can be carried out in 3 hours, used for indoor and outdoor use

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Tile adhesive waterproof allows for facing work quickly and efficiently

With heat-resistant adhesive for tiles stacked ceramic clinker tiles, insulation materials, concrete blocks, natural stone, glass, mosaic, wood panels

Adhesive for tiles frost is not afraid of temperature differences, is not deformed, has high strength and high degree of adhesion

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Often used for cladding buildings are constantly exposed to water: swimming pools, shower rooms, landscaped ponds and fountains

Glue for ceramic granite Ceresit CM 14 hardens quickly, grouting can be carried out in 3 hours, used for indoor and outdoor use

Glue-applied mastic KH 2 for external cladding, which is a coumarone-neyritovuyu mixture in ethyl acetate, mixed with gasoline in a ratio of 1 to 1

If you know how to glue the tiles on the drywall, you can do it yourself

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MODERN BUILDING CHEMISTRY

The thickness of the floor tiles with adhesive - are counting on their own

If you are going to lay tile or granite, each owner is wondering what the thickness of the tile adhesives is considered optimal. Of course, every master has his own opinion on this matter, but there is a certain technology, from which to draw on.

The ideal option would be to entrust the stacking Tile professional, but if you have limited finances or want to own hands to grasp the basics of art tile laying, it is necessary to know about some of the nuances that will help not only to avoid errors but also to perform quality work.

The thickness of the tiles with the adhesive depends on the size and type of tiles, the surface quality and the selection of the adhesive composition

The thickness of the floor or wall tiles with the adhesive depends on several factors:

  • the size of the material used;
  • surface quality;
  • type tile;
  • choice of adhesive.

As practice shows, the thickness of the floor tiles depends on its size - the bigger it is, the thicker. And it is natural, because the thin and large format is extremely fragile, which makes the material is not only inconvenient for the lining, but also unstable in operation. The thinnest thickness is considered to wall tiles and mosaics, but granite, on the contrary, is a leader on this parameter. Tile thickness is also largely depends on where it is going to be used, since this parameter affects the wear resistance of ceramic tiles. You can select a wall, floor tiles and porcelain tiles. In our country and abroad, its own standards of material sizes and make it easier to navigate, we refer to the table below:

Standard dimensions

Remember that high-quality tile, manufactured in compliance with all the technology will have a uniform thickness over the entire area, and the shape of the tile is smooth, with no visible curves and bulges.

What affects the thickness of the adhesive layer

There is no universal thickness, and no single thickness of tile materials. Gather the necessary information on the packaging with the mixture, but in most cases it will depend on the size and weight of the cladding material. And even destination tile here is irrelevant. Proper application of the adhesive will largely influence the flow of material and the subsequent tile operation. Every manufacturer in the packaging indicates the estimated consumption, so it is easy to calculate the required amount of mixture for laying the acquired material. However, these data are averaged and do not take into account some of the features that will affect not only the thickness of the applied layer, but also on its consumption as a whole.

The basic rule that works when selecting an adhesive thickness - is the larger jets, the thicker the layer of adhesive.

If the surface to be lined, rough, the thickness of the applied adhesive will vary depending on the available extremes. To minimize the consumption of material, sometimes it is advisable to resort to the leveling base plasters, plywood or plasterboard. It is worth to pay attention to the material itself. It is proved that the laying tile layer requires less adhesive layer, but its internal surface is sufficiently porous, which implies that overruns adhesive prepared without observing technology. But on porcelain stoneware can not be said, because of its smaller need of laying a layer of the adhesive solution.

All adhesive mixture can be divided into one- and two-component. A first embodiment - is ready solutions, which are present in the composition of the resin or polymer components. The two-component compositions include epoxy resin and catalyst. When working with adhesive compositions applied layer depends directly on the size of the tile itself. An important aspect when choosing the adhesive is the temperature and humidity of the room where the works will be made, the foundation upon which is laid tile. So, for swimming pools and baths rational use of water-resistant formulations, and for stoves, fireplaces and underfloor heating is considered to be the best choice heat resistant adhesive.

Much depends on the producer mixes. Only high-quality product guarantees reliable adhesion to the surface of the material, and uniform composition will not only help save the mixture, but also put it a minimum layer. The most popular among domestic masters use adhesives companies Knauf, Ceresit, Eunice, fundamentals, etc. IVSIL.

Cement mortar is perfect for laying the "easy" tiles, as well as to work in underground and commercial premises

Until recently, few people thought about buying expensive blends - so now they have become available to the majority. Primarily used for lining cement mortar that has not lost its relevance today. It is perfect for laying the "easy" tiles, as well as to work in underground and commercial premises. The mixture is cooked very simple and involves himself cement, sand and different types of plasticizers, which are responsible for better adhesion. Such a mixture can be formed independently. For this purpose is taken mixture of sand and cement in proportions of 1: 4 (a classic), water and slaked lime. Some water is used instead of the master weak aqueous solution of PVA glue. If too fatty prepare solutions, then the strong shrinkage of the finish can occur if clutch and broken tile with a base.

Choosing a dry mix, pay attention to product shelf life. For most mixes it ranges from 6 months to a year. The fact is that since most of the dry adhesives - cement it, you should know that every month the cement loses its active quality by about 5%, not to mention the modifying agent. Product must be stored exclusively in the areas in which the observed temperature and humidity conditions and standards. Goods sold in the markets, where it is cold outside, better get round. Determine at a glance whether the mixture to be used, it is practically impossible is suitable - it can be found only by experiment.

Shelf life - is manufacturers' recommendations regarding the storage of the product in perfect conditions, so always pay attention to the date of manufacture of the goods!

Calculation of the thickness of the adhesive and general recommendations on

As noted earlier, the manufacturer on the package with an adhesive composition indicates consumption of the finished mixture. Knowing the cladding area, the dimensions of slab material, stacking conditions, it is possible to calculate not only the optimal thickness, but also the flow of the mixture. To facilitate the calculations can be accessed on the website of the manufacturer, where there is an online calculator consumption. You enter the required parameters, and the program itself will calculate the mixture needed for the work. In addition, the portal can pick up that material that is optimally suited for laying tile selected material.

On the packaging of the adhesive composition is indicated consumption of ready mix

Apply adhesive optimum thickness depending on the parameters of tiles is not so difficult. Firstly, it is necessary to choose the right tool, which is planned to apply the adhesive. Professionals recommend to use a notched trowel. Do not be lazy and take a walk to the market or to the store to buy such an important subject, to help cope with facing perfectly. As is well known, has a notched trowel in different sizes and different distances between the teeth. Tool size depends on the tile parameters as wide spatula easier to work.

So, how to choose the optimal width of the teeth? Trehmillimetrovye teeth are perfect for tiles measuring less than 5 cm, but for tiles with sides of 10 cm is better to choose a spatula with teeth is 4 mm. For popular tiles 15 × 15 or 10 × 20 cm choose seam height of 6 mm, and here 8-9 mm is suitable for tile materials with sides 20 and 25 cm. For larger embodiments can use the same spatula, and it is possible to work with the tool a tooth height equal to 10 mm. Since the adhesive is applied with a spatula at a certain angle, the choice of the optimum tilt will either increase or reduce the thickness of the interlayer nibble.

Knowing these little rules, you can easily calculate the thickness of the floor tiles with glue and will be able to choose the right spatula for laying porcelain tiles, or tiles as the floor and the walls.

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