- 1 What were the conditions in the winter storage vegetables allowed on the balcony?
- 2 Storage of vegetables in the winter on the balcony: cellar, box oven
- 3 Options cellars for balcony
What were the conditions in the winter storage vegetables allowed on the balcony?
Traditional winter vegetables - a beet, carrots, onions, garlic and potatoes. Arranging storage box of vegetables on the balcony, you can enjoy the fresh root vegetables all winter. They are long, maintaining a vitamins and minerals. Winter - it's time to unpredictable, but frost-free it passes very rarely. There are ways to help keep vegetables on the balcony, even if outside the bitter cold.
If you live with Open balcony, you can just give up trying to arrange it for storage of vegetables. When the temperature is lowered at least to -1 ° C potato becomes unusable - it acquires a sweet taste and becomes soft to the touch. If you take care of your home and the warmth glazed balcony, you can plan the arrangement of the special box for storage of root crops.
It is impossible to accurately calculate the temperature difference between inside and outside balconies, since the coefficient depends on many factors:
- quality windows (the best thermal insulation can boast new windows);
- the thickness of the glazing unit;
- glazing unit area;
- loge size;
- the temperature inside the apartment and t. d.
Storage conditions of vegetables and some fruits
To decide whether it is possible to store vegetables and even some fruits in the winter on the balcony, put the thermometer there and follow the temperature. Compare the results to the table below.
If the thermometer mark often below 0 ° C, is necessary to think about the device of a special box for storing products in winter. It can be done by yourself, do without large costs. Enough to make a little bit of physical and mental effort.
For storage of vegetables, you can use:
- Flexible cellar;
- plastic box;
- wooden box with a layer of sawdust;
- homemade box with heating;
- old refrigerator.
This version of the purchased device for storing the harvest in winter. It costs a lot, but its price is justified, because it relieves the landlord from the hassle and risk of losing their winter stores. Cabinets come in any size (individually for each lodge). They are working on the network, so you should take care of the electrical wiring on the balcony.
Oven not only independently regulates the temperature, it is equipped with a ventilation system. You do not need to constantly ventilate the bags with root vegetables. The risk that the products will deteriorate significantly reduced. The temperature in the container typically ranges from +2 to +7 ° C, which prevents the rotting of fruits.
"Balcony Cellar" - budget version of the oven. Outwardly, it looks like a big backpack, folded, lightweight and compact. It is made of three-layered waterproof cloth and syntepon, equipped with a sensor thermoregulation and also operates from the mains. Its advantages:
- summer can be folded and tucked away on a shelf, so it does not clutter the half loggias;
- he "pulls" no more electricity than a regular light bulb.
Storage of vegetables in plastic boxes - a method for those who are too lazy to engage in a more serious device design. However, if your local climate is not too severe, you can use such containers. They do not need to install the floor, and on the shelves, so that they are 15 cm from the floor and walls. Vegetables should be aired. Stacked bags of potatoes or other vegetables need to pour sawdust. If the balcony temperature falls below 0 ° C, Insulate boxes blankets old jackets or foam.
Wooden box with a layer of sawdust
You do not need special skills for the manufacture of such a container. All you need - is two boxes of different sizes and a bag of sawdust. One box should be larger than the second smaller. At the bottom of a large wooden container stacked sheet of cardboard or cloth and poured layer of wood chips in a 10 cm. The top of the chips is set smaller box and the opening between the sidewalls dense backfilled sawdust (the distance should be at least 10 cm between the two walls of the box).
Potatoes can be stored in the same department with beets: it perfectly absorbs excess moisture.
Vegetables should always be covered with a lid during storage. If the balcony is not insulated and it is often sub-zero temperatures, the box should be covered to warm materials. However, experts argue that such equipment can save the crop in the winter, even at -15 ° C.
This invention is necessary for people with non-insulated loggia, which often lyutuyut frosts. Its manufacturing requires some effort and ingenuity. Heating can equip two ways: dry with little power or lamps 40 watts. Dryer will turn on automatically, heating the contents of the box and at the same time venting air.
Of timber to manufacture the frame required volume. Attach to the walls of the veneers and forget about the hole for the pipe, which will go through the warm air from a hair dryer. Insulated from the inside wall obsheyte foiled material. The cut hole insert tube and make holes in it to allow air in the box distributed uniformly.
The second option - attach inside the box tin pipe and put it inside the bulb. Heat one bulb is enough to maintain the required temperature inside the container even in cold weather.
If you are too lazy handicrafts handmade cabinets and the purchase of "cellars" can not afford, you can use an old Soviet refrigerator (if the size of the lodge and the refrigerator). Place it on the floor a door up, turning it into a "trunk." He will be able to protect crops from frost. However, not forget to periodically ventilate potatoes or onions, because the condensate will be collected within the refrigerator.
Knowing the conditions for storage of vegetables on the balcony and all the possible ways to hide them from frost, can be stored until the spring harvest. Considered the most convenient and flexible pantry oven. But if you are not able to purchase such a device, you can build a homemade wooden cabinet, which will bring you many benefits and help cool to save.
Girls, we are constantly thinking about everyday problems and forget about ourselves. Yes, we clean the house, cleaned and wash things, there is always something to eat. But I had a feeling that her husband's mistress appeared, perhaps it is because of my excess weight. I look at Olu Kartunkovu of KVN, what she done, slimmed down for a couple of months to 30 kg, and I followed her diet, already have the first results - 10 kg. And once her husband began to pay more attention to me in bed. Who cares how thin Kartunkova can be found here. I'm just saying that the process of working on yourself checked.
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Storage of vegetables in the winter on the balcony: cellar, box oven
Despite the fact that in winter there are some difficulties in terms of conservation of some products, the correct approach, you have the right number of options to deal with potential problems. Warm storage boxes of vegetables on the balcony of the apartments have long been widespread among our fellow citizens.
Traditions of storing potatoes and other fruits and vegetables (apples, carrots, beets), and jam jars with sauerkraut and other conservation at home we have - a very long time. Our grandparents had done so every year since then, as far as volume stocks managed to collect for the winter, determined in many ways, if not the survival, then at least, the power level. Today - very different times, and most of the products available in supermarkets. Nevertheless, the tradition of creating unique homemade "vegetable store" will not go away, though, and has become much less popular than before.
Today, most people live in apartments, not in the village houses as before. Accordingly, the storage conditions today - much more constrained when compared with those who were in the barns in the village. Options are not many, and one of the most common is a cellar for storage of vegetables on the balcony.
Reasons many people love to create reserves - very different. Here are some of them:
- Confidence that grown on beds their own country - a lot better in terms of purity and ecology.
- Lower cost of vegetables that can be bought at the farmers market in the fall, but not to go every once in a local supermarket.
- Someone have friends or relatives in the villages or having your own vacation / holiday home which periodically "supply" the gifts of nature: potatoes, cabbage, beets, peppers, seaming and so on. All this must be stored somewhere.
Most balconies and loggias in multi-storey buildings are not heated. So you have to find a way out of their situation, creating a robust "refrigerators" that will help keep the harvest, preventing freezing in the cold and ensuring the proper storage temperature. However, in addition, the actual temperature and the design of the cold box on the balcony of the cold, you should consider many other things.
Here are a number of conditions that are necessary for the successful preservation of the contents of the subsequent:
- In order to store winter vegetables (potatoes, carrots, cabbage and more), they should be collected properly. Should be collected in dry weather.
- After that, the harvest should lie down in a dry place.
- Avoid exposure to sunlight.
- It is important to sort of external damage and damaged items. Otherwise, all your efforts to create a box for the potatoes on the balcony can be futile: this crop is simply lost.
Tip! In any case, the storage should be provided with high-quality ventilation: access and air circulation will prolong the "lifetime" of the crop.
By the way, there is another important condition. This is to ensure the proper level of humidity, which must be small, not exceeding 50%.
By design, all such systems are divided into 2 main types:
- Flexible Heating Cabinets for storage of vegetables. They vaguely resemble the great warm bag, made on the basis of the textile. Termomeshka obvious advantage is that at the end of the winter season it can be folded, thus saving a lot of space.
- Insulated boxes, which constitute a solid structure made of a particular material. Most often used timber (board, plywood, OSB plates, etc.).
Cache from the old refrigerator
In addition, various places are classified depending on the material from which they are made (wooden, waterproof durable fabric, plastic, with a metal frame), as well as the fact whether there is for such a heating storage or not. The volume they can also be different, sometimes they are different shelf position (horizontal or vertical).
On a note! For additional convenience and use of free space from the top of such containers have been made by Winter bench and sometimes - even a small sofa, a summer which serve as benches where to sit and rest.
As for the structures without additional electric heating, it is best to use them in places where there is no direct contact with the frosty air. In other words, we are talking about porches, common corridors, glazed balconies and so on. Although, in some enclosed balconies it is better to install a heated warm box, preferably equipped with a thermostat. Thanks to the latter, you have the opportunity to adjust the temperature of the air inside. Range can vary, for example, from 0 to 10 degrees, depending on which products you are going to store there. The level of consumption of electricity from them, respectively, will also be different. In any case, it will be more reliable, the vegetables in this Lara does not freeze, and banks with sauerkraut or pickled mushrooms - do not burst from the cold.
Keep the vegetables on a balcony in the winter it is possible and in a flexible container which is vaguely reminiscent of a large bag or backpack. Such designs are very practical, since, as already mentioned, they can be removed or temporarily transferred if necessary. Some models are equipped with a heating thermostat. On the other hand, you can make a box of vegetables on the balcony with his own hands, which is not true of soft bags made which, in most cases, carried out the industrial way. These things are usually better to buy in the store than to do yourself. With all the practicality of the bag, thermos not be done ottoman, sofa or seat. So, all types of structures have their advantages and disadvantages. Everyone chooses their own, based on their conditions and requirements.
As to what temperature can withstand similar designs. It all depends on a number of criteria, including how a vegetable insulated cabinet, whether it has additional insulation, if the balcony is open or closed, and so on. In any case, it is better not to store products at a temperature of -30C or below. Incidentally, this same recommendation applies to the insulation, since the excessively warm weather, potatoes and other vegetables may be subject to damage. Desirably, the cellar walls are thin and do not perform the function of the isotherm and at positive temperatures.
you can make a box for potatoes on the balcony with his own hands, without ordering it from outside experts if desired. The simplest design is not equipped with heating and power. Before proceeding to more detailed step by step instructions, it is necessary in general to consider the main recommendations relating to the manufacture, installation and site selection.
In those cases, when you are a proud owner of a fairly spacious balcony or loggia, and if you plan to store vegetables every winter, it makes sense to think about creating a lasting stationary cellar, which will be able to last for several years.
Recommendation! In some cases, you can use the materials at hand, as well as remnants of boards or plywood, which are around at the cottage or in the garage.
Care should be taken to potatoes (or other vegetables) does not come into contact with the brick, concrete and other similar materials, as this may cause decomposition and, consequently, spoilage. To this end and side surfaces, and the "floor" of the winter storage box must be trimmed with other materials. Best of all, if it is wood.
In those cases, when it comes about Khrushchev or other similar accommodations with balcony a small area, you can make a container with vertical load. The cover, thus, can be further warmed, since it is through the greatest heat loss can occur over. Alternatively, it can be finished from inside the foil, or just cover the lid with any material, such as a blanket, a blanket, old jacket and so on.
As we can see, options for making a box for storing potatoes in the winter on the balcony with his hands - a lot. Focus on one of them, which may be the most versatile and go for almost any apartment. So, we list the main stages of self-production:
- The first step is carefully measure the space your balcony. This will help understand exactly what you have options and to make sure that there can be prepared a certain structure of the sample and sizes.
- Try to plan everything so that the depth of your cellar does not exceed 0.7 meters. Otherwise (in the vertical loading), vegetable extract or cans therefrom will solve seaming. Especially - from the very bottom. Capacity, in any case, must be "content" it is enough for a decent volume.
- Prepare the boards for the chassis, as well as plywood, chipboard or MPS for cladding walls future. According to avoid the emergence and spread of mold and mildew in the future, cover them with varnish or a special compound. After drying in the ground to mark their cut.
- Total, you should have 4 rack that will determine the height of the drawer, as well as 12 horizontal (2 on each surface, including on the cover).
- When nails or screws are building frames carrying both the container and the lid, which will cover it.
- Then take a sheet material which is prepared you assume that this plywood, and cut out of it to the surface 2 of each face of the structure: cap, main and side walls, as well as of the day. Inner sheets, thus, must be less than 100 mm. in each plane.
- Cut out of the insulation (Styrofoam or expanded polystyrene) panels for the lid 6, bottom, front and rear walls, respectively. Alternatively, the stone can be used (mineral) wool. Desirably, thus that mineral wool is sufficiently dense. Secure all obsheyte skeleton sheets of plywood. Then fabricate the lid following the same technology.
- Loop can be used for fastening the lid. On the other hand, it is assumed that it was just rented.
- Finally, from the outside can be treated received a warm box with a special varnish. It will help keep the wood from atmospheric moisture.
So he prepared a locker. It should be noted that the final assembly of the whole structure is better to produce already on the balcony. Otherwise, it may happen that it simply will not fit into the balcony door or window.
Proper storage of vegetables on the balcony in the winter assumes the presence of a good microclimate. First, you can make small holes, or periodically open cellar. Secondly, it is possible to make a simple "heating" system. Doing next to cover the small slot, you can, if necessary (eg in case of a sharp drop in temperature in the street) put to incandescent bulbs, so-called "portability". One Moina lamp, for example, 100 watts, will be sufficient to provide extra heating inside. Start it on the balcony, you can use the ordinary extension. The switch must be installed inside the apartment, so you did not need each time to go on a cold balcony or loggia.
Tip! Alternatively, you can use the old non-working refrigerator. Even in this state it has good insulating properties. Besides, he already has a working door. You can also apply a converted old furniture or packaging of a dense foam.
You just turn on the light, nothing more. The design - a very simple, but at the same time, it is quite effective. Even one bulb is enough to ensure that the vegetables are frozen inside the box. Besides, you can not turn on a light bulb on a permanent basis. Let it run for a few hours and then you can disable it. It is possible to include, in particular, and at night, when the outside temperature drops significantly.
Large "box" can be divided into sections
Consumption of electricity, provided that the light will shine (and thus heat the interior space of the balcony box) changeably not exceed reasonable limits. But you'll know for sure that all those in this oven vegetables, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, peppers, beets and others, will be, firstly, dry, and, secondly, they do not freeze. If the consumption of electricity does not bother you, then there is an option instead of (or both) with an incandescent lamp and use a regular hair dryer. Its plus is that it heats much stronger and pumps hot air much faster. In addition, it can also be controlled remotely from the room.
It is important to understand! When using lights or electrical appliances should be with special attention to security issues.
To provide additional thermal insulation in the case of particularly severe frosts can make an additional thermal insulation, encased balcony "cellar" with blankets or heavy clothing. Yes, and it should not be put on the cold concrete balcony slab, and on a sheet of chipboard thick, dense foam and other similar surfaces. Alternatively, it is possible to install a thermometer with a sensor located inside the language. This way you will control the internal temperature. These are interesting, but at the same time, simple ideas, everyone can use. The main thing - be smart and not afraid to solve tasks. All this will help to keep your harvest until spring safe and secure.
Photo examples of what may be the drawer fridge for vegetables on the balcony. Click to view larger image:
Most people who give birth to the cottage itself, is well aware that it must be not only a place to work and the cultivation of the crop, but the most corners where you can relax from the busy city and enjoy the beautiful views of nature and the land.
Wild animals and birds that live in nature, can not rely on the fact that in winter it someone will help them as exactly how their domesticated "brethren."
Each of us loves the beautifully decorated interior. This commitment is particularly in demand in the cases where the interior design solutions affect the good mood and joy for our loved ones.
Every conscientious owner must take care of the comfort of their pets, guided by the famous quote from "The Little Prince": "We are responsible for those who have tamed."
Sooner or later, before most of us are faced with the task of buying new furniture, including chairs. At the same time, it does not always make sense to buy new furniture to a sufficiently high price, because we can restore the old chairs.
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Options cellars for balcony
If you live in an apartment in an apartment building, then before you certainly raised the question of where and how to store vegetables in the winter. The inhabitants of the first floor arrange a cellar directly under the loggia or balcony, vypilivaya hole in the floor and digging a basement.
For such manipulations need to get a lot of permits different instances and the agreement of all homeowners, it is extremely problematic. Therefore, the output for the residents of high-rise buildings, only one - to arrange a cellar right on the balcony. You can buy a ready termokonter, or build a vegetable store on the balcony with his hands.
The problem of storage of vegetables on the balcony of relevance, so craftsmen and industrial manufacturers have designed special boxes, which imitate the microclimate similar to the conditions of vegetables in this cellar.
- Oven - ready cellar-box for storing vegetables, suitable for use at temperatures down to -40 ° C, can be bought at the store. The housing had a metal with powder coating, inner box - made of galvanized steel. Usually a volume of 300 liters, equipped with a ventilation system. Built-in electric awnings and the thermostat will automatically maintain the temperature of the storage of vegetables 2 + ... + 10 ° C, is connected to the home electrical cellar. The standard depth of 0.5 m, a maximum height of 1.2 m, width - 0.85 m.
- Mild electric container - termopogrebok to the balcony, like a big bag of mind. The cellar is made of two layers of water-repellent material therebetween sinteponovye layer. Preservation of vegetables is provided, at a temperature from - 40 to +5 o C, automatically by using built-wire heaters or digital thermostat. cellars advantage is light weight, 3.5-5 kg and convenient dimensions for placement on balconies or balcony.
- Build a cellar on the balcony with his hands - the most popular and amazing way of storing vegetables in urban apartments. Homemade vegetable storage is insulated oven, which is installed inside the box with vegetables. The housing helps create a favorable microclimate inside for storage of crops: cabbage, potatoes, apples stay fresh without peremerzayut and not dry. box manufacturing technology is simple, then we'll show you how to make a cellar on the balcony with his hands.
Soft cellar-storage container of vegetables
Oven - industrial cellar on the balcony to store vegetables
Just note that the special requirements for the size of the box is not present, but it is advisable to use a cellar usable space as possible, so the optimum size of the box on the balcony: H * W * D - 1200 * 1000 * 600 mm. Ultimately, it all depends on where you plan to dedicate to the cellar on the balcony to store vegetables in the winter.
To make a small cellar on the balcony required materials for plating for your choice: 20mm thick board, plywood, chipboard. For frame - bars 20 * 40 * 40 mm or 40 mm. All materials recommended impregnate refractory and antifungal compounds, then apply a water-repellent layer: preparation of the engine oil, linseed oil, primer and coating lacquer.
Plywood - a reliable and durable material for the manufacture of a box on the balcony
For the thermal insulation box to the balcony suitable Styrofoam insulation, mineral wool, old blankets. If your region in winter the temperature never drops below 20 ° C, and the room is insulated, it can be a cellar on the balcony without electricity, then you will need extra foil insulation - izolon.
To construct a pedestal under the cellar of 50-100 mm, to isolate the bottom of the box from the cold floor. External dimensions must correspond to the area allocated for the box. Make a frame of sticks, sheathe material laid inside the insulation and install pedestal into place.
The next step - a framework for the sides of the body. Cut the bars in size, combine them in a frame, we are strengthening at the edges of the pedestal using screws. The side frames are fastened top and bottom auxiliary bars on the corners. Sheathed material and the rear wall side.
Further, the cellar produce homemade inner drawer. Dimensions of the box should be at each side is less than the pedestal 100 mm if the insulation layer 1 and 150 mm, if the layer 2 is provided.
Pedestal under the cellar protects the drawer with vegetables from freezing below
Sizes, an example in mm:
The outer casing, if you plan to make the built-in cellar on the balcony, the sides are fastened to the walls
inner box frame as manufacture of the bars and is sheathed, then paste insulation. If a box of vegetables on the balcony planned without heating, the box protect the 2 layers of insulation and fasten the top foil izolon.
Cellar on the balcony - a layer cake: the outer casing, insulation, inner box
If the home-cellar on the balcony is planned without electricity, the internal box set directly on the pedestal. Wardrobe for vegetables heated set on legs 100 mm high, cut from the bars.
Next, in magnets or a loop attached to the rails, set the front wall of the main box. This is to ensure free access to the gap that we have provided, setting a box on legs. In this gap is placed the heating element: an incandescent lamp or heater. The heated air will rise up, thereby creating a comfortable temperature throughout the vegetable storage. Heating elements can be put inside the box and, on top of the vegetables, in this case the front wall fasten with screws.
Cellar, balcony design
Cut cover for the external dimensions of home cellar, and with the help of metal loops attach it to the box. On the inner side of the lid glue heater.
Photo box on the balcony to store vegetables in the winter
The thermostat in the cellar - a luxury or a necessary measure?
The final stage of the cellar unit on the balcony with his hands - to set the thermostat, which will keep the temperature within a certain range. Setting the thermostat will save from inside the box for climate control and experience for the preservation of the crop in your absence.
The easiest way to buy a ready-made unit, or use the sensor from the refrigerator, they provided a relay, with its help, you can set the desired temperature. Is set in the thermostat heaters circuit further sensor automatically controls the turning on and off heaters. Typically, as the temperature sensor used transistors, diodes and thermistors. A simple wiring diagram can be downloaded from online radio amateurs, and make the thermostat to the cellar on the balcony with his hands.
The most affordable way to automate the heating and control the temperature inside the box for storage of vegetables - home sensor zero. The principle of its operation is based on the physical properties of water: at 0 ° C and freezes it expands. This property use to open and close the supply chain. Water has a high thermal inertia, thus heating and cooling takes a long time, so optimal use of the volume of 200 ml for the sensor sensitivity, and install it in the cold place.
Sensor cellar to the balcony may be made of glass jar, fill it with water, and to lower the float - foam, with the closing plate. Close the lid with the contacts which must be connected to the heating system. To adjust the temperature sensor, it is enough to leave a gap of 2 mm between the float and the lid. At freezing water expands, the float rises and closes the contact, turn on heating cellar. When the temperature rises above 0 ° C, ice will begin to melt, the contacts have opened.
In this article we discussed how to arrange a full cellar on the balcony, where the vegetables rot, do not freeze and retain their useful properties until the next harvest. Which way is more convenient for you to keep that on the balcony in a cellar, some vegetables to give preference - you decide. In the turn, we emphasize that any of the proposed methods cellars device ensures you keep vegetables all winter.
I am embarrassed by the cover, would not get cold inside the box?
If you have a cold, you can warm the cellar, pasted on the perimeter of the cover tape-sealer.
Essentially making the box on the balcony of plywood? Why process materials?
Box on the balcony can be made of any material, at least from parts of old furniture ... If the materials are not treated, the cellar will not serve you for a long time, inevitably will be a fungus, also inside the box will be the heating elements to avoid a fire, it is better to be safe.