- 1 Choose a one of the types and varieties of Spathiphyllum pictures and descriptions
- 2 Flower of happiness - Spathiphyllum
- 3 Unique Spathiphyllum: care, transplant and descriptions of popular cultivars
- 3.1 The unusual properties of Spathiphyllum
- 3.2 Restful sleep and a healthy nervous system
- 3.3 Care Spathiphyllum - general rules
- 3.4 Varieties and grades Spathiphyllum - features and characteristics of
- 3.5 Red Spathiphyllum - there or not?
Choose a one of the types and varieties of Spathiphyllum pictures and descriptions
Spathiphyllum was first discovered and described by the German botanist enthusiast Gustav Wallis in the XIX century. Interesting plant scientist and still prevalent in Colombia and other countries in the region, many Spathiphyllum can be seen in marshy banks of ponds, in the undergrowth of tropical rainforests.
Once in the US and Europe, the plant has attracted the attention of growers, and how the culture room, Spathiphyllum has become well known throughout the world. But Selection work on the development of new varieties and hybrids was started relatively recently, only in the mid 60-ies of the last century.
The emergence suitable for growing houseplants conditions:
- dwarf and impressive size;
- with leaves of different shape and color;
- It has a pleasant odor;
- capable of long and almost constant bloom, caused significant growth of interest in culture.
Today, at the disposal of the Flower-lovers dozens of varieties of Spathiphyllum, a photo of which allow constantly surprising diversity of nature.
Features and photo Spathiphyllum flower
Spathiphyllum, like many plants living in tropical and subtropical zone, the year did not shed their leaves, remaining green and attractive. The leaves of the plants are rather large, oblong-lanceolate, with sunken veins and glossy surface.
Since Spathiphyllum virtually no stem, or it is strongly shortened and spread along the ground, the leaves rise directly from the soil. And during the flowering of the plants flower stalks rise elegant white bracts surrounding white or yellowish cob. Contrary to popular belief, the photo does not flower Spathiphyllum, and its inflorescence. And here at the small flowers collected in the ear no petals or visual appeal.
Therefore, in the course of evolution, the plant has got the white and then the verdant bract, which seemed to flag, attracts insects. To date, it is known to botanists more than four dozen species Spathiphyllum, but only a few species is used as a culture room and for landscaping. The most common inhabitants of the sills are plants belonging to the species Spathiphyllum Floribundum and Wallisii.
Dark green leaves Spathiphyllum Floribundum, as seen in photo Spathiphyllum, quite dense, well noticeable thin and midrib stem length up to 10 cm.
sheet itself is 20 cm in length, and young foliage brighter and brighter already mature. Flower stalks are 15-20 cm rise above the leaves, perianth white, compared with other types of medium-sized, long only 4-8 cm and a width of not more than 3 cm The distinctive feature of the form -. Long year-round blooms.
If we compare in a photograph or a pleasant Spathiphyllum Spathiphyllum Blandum the previous kind of representative immediately noticeable difference in the shape and structure of the leaf. This large Spathiphyllum in the wild growing in Suriname, oblong elliptical-shaped leaves with clearly visible sunken veins. The length of one sheet is 30 cm, the same size and petiole fixed to the underground stem creeping plant.
Greenish a length of 20 cm and bract inflorescence-ear located at the top of a short peduncle. The flowers appear on a regular basis, and with proper care the plant blooms continuously.
The plant Spathiphyllum Cannifolium, as seen in the photo Spathiphyllum and its flower, the most dense and narrow from all related species of leaves up to 40 cm.
Obverse bract white, and "reverse side" has a pronounced green tint. The length covered in this large, attractive plants is 10-22 cm, which is twice the size of white or yellowish cob. Features kind lies in the fact that the blossoms have a pronounced aroma, and the ear is not lumpy but smooth. In nature, plants of this species are found in tropical forests of South America, as well as in Trinidad.
In Brazil, it was discovered another interesting Spathiphyllum varieties. It Spathiphyllum Cochlearispathum - a plant that grows to a meter high and secrete thin shiny leaves elliptical shape. With a width of 12-15 cm length of one rich green sheet reaches 30-40 cm, with the stalks is also very long and can grow up to 70 cm.
The name of the form was due to a concave-conserving, as in the photo Spathiphyllum, shape, white veil, which as they mature cob becomes dark-green.
This type of Spathiphyllum, named after its discoverer and ascetic culture G. Wallace, is the most unpretentious and, therefore, the most common today. Wild Spathiphyllum Spathiphyllum Wallisii Wallis and became the basis for selection work actively ongoing in the world, and gave fans a lot of houseplants most interesting and popular varieties.
Plants of this type are small, and most of them in height reaches 30-40 cm, which at home is a huge advantage. In contrast to the already described species comes from Colombia gives elongated, pointed leaves up to 24 cm in length. Petioles flexible, long, eventually bend and leaves them lean.
Inflorescence of this species in the length does not exceed 3-5 cm and harboring their white or green cover at least the development of cob become completely green. Cob y revealed flower Spathiphyllum, as in the photo, almost white or cream, and then also turns green. For this kind of characteristic seasonal blooms - from spring to autumn.
Over the years, the work of breeders brought forth good fruit, and flower growers are now familiar not only species found in the wild, but also the showy varieties and hybrids Spathiphyllum.
A number of varieties, including hybrid plant origin, can now be found in flower shops. In the world known large Spathiphyllum Mauna Loa, named after a volcano in Hawaii. Very decorative and grade sensation, and photo Spathiphyllum Domino always attract attention because of the unusual variegated foliage plants.
Beautiful plant with white bracts broadly elliptic, concave and delicately creamy harboring cob. Bright green pointed leaves are held on stalks 10-centimeter long stalks and grow from a shortened, sometimes underground stem. Rather short, to 5 cm, arranged cobs at high 25-centimeter peduncles.
Birthplace of spectacular plants - Colombia, where once the first samples were taken Spathiphyllum Wallis. Flowering Mauna Loa prolonged or almost continuous, inflorescence can be cut in such a way they retain freshness up to a month.
One of the most popular and useful varieties of Spathiphyllum Chopin, Spathiphyllum Chopin, it is a universal, unpretentious plant for the decoration of residential interiors and landscaping offices and public buildings. Plant copes with the absorption of harmful substances challenge in the air. At the same time the bush is quite small and barely reaches a height of 35-40 cm.
It Spathiphyllum varieties rich green glossy leaves with sunken veins and pointed ends. Perianth elongated, white, with a green tip and veined.
In addition, in the first half of the day from a plant covered by a delicate fragrance that certainly adds to the culture attractive to growers.
Only one photo Spathiphyllum Domino necessarily cause enthusiastic response and interest of fans of indoor plants. Spathiphyllum Domino - it is rare for the type of plant which has, in addition to undemanding, another significant advantage, colorful variegated foliage with numerous white spots and dashes.
In this case, the plant is very compact and a height not exceeding 35 cm. Like all such varieties, variegated cultivar feels well enough lit windows, but under the direct rays may lose the attractiveness and start to wither. Therefore, for Domino requires obscuring screen, good watering and lack of drafts. In the morning the owner of the plant spoils the aroma, the intensity of which at midday is reduced.
Dutch breeders based Spathiphyllum Wallis was received even more interesting, than Dominoes, variegated varieties that have white color covers the whole sector lamina. Spathiphyllum Picasso - a godsend for gardeners who are unable to care for the plants carefully and loving unusual culture.
The plant, like all Spathiphyllum, unpretentious and demanding only to the coverage, which should be bright, but not scalding. The peculiarity of this class, as seen in the photo of a flower Spathiphyllum is a mottled coloring is not only the leaves, but also elegant, with a pointed tip perianth.
Dutch nursery specializing Cupido are domestic species Spathiphyllum. Erie this plant has become so well known in the world, that compact Spathiphyllum Wallis grown experts from the Netherlands deserved the name Spathiphyllum Cupido.
Plants with bright green leaves and gracefully curved inflorescences bedspreads adorn any interior, and show themselves nekapriznymi accommodating pets.
Spathiphyllum Alana height of about 50 cm, and the leaves grow back again almost no bend, like other plant species Wallis and remain almost vertical.
The leaves are glossy, dense, rich green color. Bract wide, effectively pointed, with a noticeable green veins on the back side.
This hybrid Spathiphyllum can be safely attributed to the most decorative and effective. Spathiphyllum sensation bushes can reach a height of five-foot, which makes the sort of one of the largest among the existing indoor varieties.
The plant has large attractive leaves a dark glossy color and length from 40 to 80 cm. The large inflorescence Spathiphyllum Sensation as much benefit compared to other similar varieties. Appearing just above the foliage, perianths have a white color, then gradually turn green and merge on a common background. Cob large, smoother than the other plants, the flower Spathiphyllum, as in the photo is stored for a long time.
Among other tall varieties of Spathiphyllum, in the photo, it should be noted Sweet Silvio hybrid origin with delicate buds and bushy shrub up to 75 cm. Against this background, a large variety especially look miniature plants Spathiphyllum Strauss 30-centimeter height.
Sometimes you can hear that nurseries offer Spathiphyllum with red or pink bracts. However, before you succumb to the tempting offer and hurry to buy a rare flower, it helps to understand the classification.
It turns out white colored with veil can only under the influence of a spike artificially introduced chemicals and bract can only turn green under natural conditions.
Yet the plants that are closely related to Spathiphyllum and having colored perianth there. It is a well-known florists anthurium, thanks to breeders depending on the variety capable to please the owner of scarlet, burgundy, pink and almost white bedspreads inflorescences.
Spathiphyllum and Anthurium have a lot of common morphological features, so in the West to the plants used common name - peace lily.
By the way, if Spathiphyllum considered a talisman of female happiness, the anthurium - the embodiment of man's well-being and strength. Although red Spathiphyllum yet failed to get these plants may be a good couple and complement each other on the windowsill.
Flower of happiness - Spathiphyllum
If your home Spathiphyllum is growing - there is no fear of loneliness. The plant not only has amazing beauty, but also magical powers. "Women's happiness", "happy flower", "man's happiness", "flower of love" - as it is popularly called. According to popular belief, Spathiphyllum - a magical plant that will help in finding the second half, and strengthen the crumbling marriage. Flower, moreover, bring the family harmony and harmony.
Home to a wonderful flower is America, Brazil and the Philippines. plant name is composed of two Greek words "sleep" - "covered" and "phylum" - "leaf". Grow Spathiphyllum at home can be anyone. The main thing to take care of him.
Spathiphyllum: variety and photos
Spathiphyllum is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Araceae family. It is endowed with an oval one-piece with the presence of veins of large green sheets, white or yellow flowers. No stems.
Blossoms in the spring, for several weeks. But if it is good to care for it, you can achieve repeat flowering. Evergreen beauty, delicate flowers and rich green leaflets with simple tastes to the conditions made it popular among gardeners.
Spathiphyllum - light and heat-loving plant, and it will blossom only when the room temperature is 18-23 degrees. The flower is afraid of drafts and cold. There are more than forty kinds! But only a few can grow in the flat. In the photo, some of them.
Spathiphyllum Chopin Chopin or may reach a height of 30 centimeters. The plant is endowed with bright green sheets, stretched white and green bedspreads. This kind of due to the fact that the compact, attractive and undemanding in care is one of the most common in home horticulture.
Spathiphyllum Sweet Chico is a large hybrid. It can reach a height of seventy centimeters.
Spathiphyllum Picasso is a decorative plant, which is derived from the Dutch Spathiphyllum Wallis. A characteristic trait - specific color sheets. Coating may be green with light piping, green with whitish spots, white with green spots. Moreover, all of these variations may be present in the same flower.
Spathiphyllum Sensation is a decorative hybrid views. This flower is considered one of the largest, can reach a height of one and a half meters. The plant is endowed with large inflorescences, ribbed wide and long green leaflets. It feels good in light and dark place.
Spathiphyllum Domino - compact species, reaching a height of thirty centimeters. A distinctive feature of the plant is an unusual painting of foliage. Inflorescence white or yellowish, bedspreads - white, over time, color changes and becomes green. Because of this flower is called "Domino". Undemanding of care, grows well at home.
Spathiphyllum Wallis. This species is one of the most picky of care. Flower is ideally suited to life in the ambient conditions. The plant is equipped with a narrow and long veils, dark green leaflets. It reaches a height of thirty centimeters.
Spathiphyllum Alana - beautiful ornamental plant reaches a height of fifty centimeters.
Spathiphyllum Quatro - hybrid, derived from Spathiphyllum Wallis, reaching a height of thirty centimeters.
On how well you take care of the flower, will depend on the flowering, to be exact duration. Despite the fact that in natural conditions of happiness flower grows mainly in the lower tiers of the rainforest, and refers to the shade-tolerant, it is preferable to keep it under the bright but diffused light, for example, on the east side of the window. If the lighting is insufficient, it may significantly reduce the flowering period.
Watering and fertilizing plants in the home
During the spring and summer the plant should be watered abundantly. Try not to fill in flower, the moisture does not stagnate. Throughout the fall and winter watering should be moderate. Abundant watering and cold windowsill in winter are dangerous to plants.
Water for irrigation should be defended, at least for one day. If you see that Spathiphyllum sheets sagged - pour and sprinkle it. By the way, foliar spray of flower should be constant. The plant loves humidified air, so overjoyed tray with moist moss or sand.
One irrigation for intensive growth and beautiful blooms for a long time will not be enough. Spathiphyllum need to fertilize. During the period of the spring is preferably fed flower mineral fertilizers in a ratio of one and a half grams of fertilizer per liter of water. In the summer and during the flowering period is also necessary to make fertilizer.
If the flower is still small, it is necessary to feed once a fortnight. When the plant will get stronger and grow, the number of feedings is reduced to once a month. Good refers Spathiphyllum and organic fertilizers. During the winter period, fertilizers are less and fewer.
Requirements for illumination, temperature and humidity
Spathiphyllum likes and that is important, grows well in diffused light. Contact with the foliage of the direct rays of the sun is dangerous for plants. You can also place the pot in a dark place. An important condition - pritenenie flower in summer.
What about the temperature, the plants most suitable for a 18 - 23 degrees. Spathiphyllum withstand temperature drop, but it will stop the development. In the summer and in the spring to maintain the temperature at 22-23 degrees, and in winter 16 - 19. Transfer the intense heat plant will be able to, but in this case it should be abundantly watered.
Women's happiness likes high humidity. It is useful to spray for him. Recommend to plant Spathiphyllum in a pot with a tray. It is filled with water. The evaporation of water will create a special microclimate.
Properly selected soil - good development and a nice bloom
The soil for plants should be loose and fertile. Under natural conditions, Spathiphyllum lives in the soil consisting of fallen leaves, charcoal and rotting branches. Therefore, preferably, to create such mixture for indoor Spathiphyllum peat with garden soil, perlite, charcoal, gravel and bark.
A few tips on transplanting plants
- Young flowers need to repot every year. This is an important condition for the further development of Spathiphyllum. However, it is important to know how to replant a flower.
- Flowers have reached five years, it is recommended to transplant only when the roots from the drain hole.
- To grow the plant, preferably in a shallow container. In large tarakh soil turns sour, as a rule, even before they master the root system.
- Each year, the packaging shall be greater than the previous one.
- Before you remove the plant from the old container, pour it.
- If you want to grow a large plant with rich sheets and beautiful inflorescences during transplantation separate flower side shoots (to them it consumes a lot of power).
- Fill the bottom of the new capacity drainage layer - about two centimeters, then sprinkle fresh substrate - three centimeters.
- Next, put a flower on a substrate together with a clod of earth.
- Gradually add the soil.
- The last stage - watering. If the ground is wet, pour a little, if dry - abundantly.
- In the evening, you need to spray the plant. For this use solution: epin - 2 drops of water - 200 ml. This facility will contribute to accelerating the rooting process.
- For two or three days, do not water the flower, but only spray.
The main method of reproduction - the division of the bush. To make this procedure must be in the spring, when transplanting. Separated from the mother plant side shoots with roots. Be careful and try not to hurt them. The "kids" have to be seated in separate pots. The substrate must be the same as that of the adult plants.
You can try to practice another way - by seed propagation. Unfortunately, it is time-consuming and difficult, and not everyone is willing to manage to carry it out. After collecting the seeds are not recommended to delay the landing them in the ground. The composition of the soil - sand and peat. After the landing of the seeds are covered. To do this, you can use glass or film. The soil in the greenhouse should be moderately moist. Also do not forget about the periodic airing seedlings.
Diseases and pests Spathiphyllum
Often, the main pests are flower spider mite and aphids. Get rid of them as possible. Wipe foliage soap solution with nicotine sulfate. Before proceeding to the processing plants, the soil Cover the film, the means has not penetrated into the soil. At the end of the day, wash your sheets on the drug, again covering the ground the film. In order to prevent settling of pests, it is necessary to wash the leaves or wipe it with a damp sponge.
The plant may be affected scale insects. About the settlement of the pest will witness the appearance of dark spots on the leaves of Spathiphyllum. To overcome the attack can be soap-tobacco solution. Wipe them affected leaflets. The solution you need to add a bit of kerosene. After the foliage treatment wash with mild soap.
Often striking flower mealybug. It contributes to the emergence of excessive moisture. Pest hiding, usually between the sheets. Therefore it is necessary to inspect the plant regularly. If the insect bit just wipe it with a cloth soaked in alcohol, and delete them. If insects much processed with aktellik.
Why do leaves turn yellow? The reason for such phenomenon may be done. If the leaves have turned yellow after a heavy bloom, flower probably just exhausted. In this case, it should be fed, watered regularly. Another reason - do not cut stems. He robs the plant a lot of energy, because it may turn yellow foliage. A fairly common cause of yellowing foliage - age. This is quite normal and worry about it not worth it. Just cut off the foliage. If yellow young plant, most likely he did not have enough water and food additives.
Why do the leaves wither? The main reason - the lack of moisture. Watering in this case is not enough, the humid air is needed. Return leaflets health help regular spraying and drip tray with water, set up under or next to the flowerpots.
Why not Spathiphyllum bloom? Lack of flowering can result from a spacious 'home'. Transplant a flower in capacity and smaller and will soon have to enjoy the lush flowering. Another reason - the wrong location, the lack of water, feeding or lighting. To force the plant to bloom as possible. To do this, put the pot on the window sill on the east side, regularly fed and watered.
Why blackens the foliage? Duck sheets are due to over-dried air, excessive watering, as well as a lack of fertilizer.
Why inflorescence green? It is quite normal for certain types of plants, so do not worry.
Why sheets covered with spots? The appearance of dark or brownish spots is due to often excessive watering and fertilizing.
The secret of success - in the proper cultivation of the flower
Now you know how you must take care of the flower. Respect for fundamental rights in relation to watering, feeding, temperature, light, humidity and breeding contribute to the dynamic growth and intense and prolonged flowering is important. Seeing once is blooming plant, you will do everything possible to re-enjoy the extraordinary beauty of Spathiphyllum.
Easy to grow plant. The main thing to put love and warmth in the process, and believe me, the result will please you for sure.
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Unique Spathiphyllum: care, transplant and descriptions of popular cultivars
Spathiphyllum has long been a favorite of many of the unusual structure of the elegant flower, beautiful color and shape of the leaves, as well as for the wonderful aroma that can exude some sort in the morning. Another distinct advantage of the flower - easy to clean. Even a person ignorant of horticulture, will be able to achieve good results, following a few easy rules of the maintenance of the plant.
The unusual properties of Spathiphyllum
Widespread flower received through irregular features Spathiphyllum clean the air of contaminants, pathogenic bacteria and fungi. It serves as a natural filter which removes from the atmosphere unprofitable, sometimes even hazardous elements, and saturating it with oxygen.
The second name of the flower - a woman's happiness. It is believed that it brings to family well-being for married women, and improves the fate of unmarried girls.
A few more names for the flower was given an unusual appearance. His white petal is often considered the flower. In fact it is not. Creamy white rod in the form of an ear in the center and there is a flower and the surrounding white "sail" or "veil" - an invention of evolution in order to attract insects. This feature explains the name of the plant. Translated from the Greek «spathe» - the veil, «phyllon» - list. When the flower blooms, petals around the flower-cob snow-white color, but by the end of flowering it is green. Probably will be interesting article about planting and care for mallow outdoors.
Restful sleep and a healthy nervous system
Above all, the flower has the property to calm the nervous system, have been subjected to prolonged psychological stress. It restores the body after stress and emotional strain. Able to regain a healthy sleep and improve brain function. Positive effect on the human capacity for work and increases its endurance.
Explain so many useful qualities is simple - cleaning room air, saturating it with oxygen, killing bacteria, it provides a strong and high-quality sleep, which leads to increased efficiency in mental and physical activity. Of course, a calming effect on any man and his aesthetic appearance.
Care Spathiphyllum - general rules
No special difficulties should not cause care female happiness Spathiphyllum, important to follow a few simple rules.
By purchasing Spathiphyllum in a pot in the store, you must remember that the tank filled the temporary substrate that contains a minimal amount of nutrients and should be replaced soon.
Organization of quarantine houseplants
But immediately after the transplant Spathiphyllum purchase is not recommended. It is necessary to adapt to new conditions, and at the same time see if it is infected with diseases that can pass to other houseplants. Therefore, a new flower guest arranged quarantine for a week.
Nothing special do not need. Just put a plant in the room, where it will continue to grow. It is advisable to not yet put it on the windowsill next to the other house colors, and positioned somewhere in a corner, where it will fall scattered sunlight. At this time watering should be moderate, to make feeding is not necessary. Quarantine lasts for at least a week - a maximum of three.
Transplanting in another pot Spathiphyllum
After the end of the preventive isolation flower transplants require more nutritious soil. It can be bought ready-made, specially composed for the representatives of the family Araceae.
you can build the soil, if necessary alone. It should be remembered that the plant prefers to grow in loose soil with a slightly acidic level of pH.
How to make your own soil?
To a mixture of soil following components need: turf, leaf mold, peat, coarse sand. they are taken in the ratio 2: 1: 1: 1. In addition, added with 0.5 parts of fine crumbs bricks and charcoal. The final component can be replaced with coconut fiber or tree bark. All items are thoroughly mixed. So that the soil has become more fertile, it introduced a small amount of superphosphate.
How to transplant the plant?
The transplant is also not difficult Spathiphyllum: planting and care after it will not cause too much difficulty. Pre-plant should be abundantly watered to make it easier to get it out of the pot. The capacity of a little shaken, after which it is removed from the plant with a clod of earth. Now, when the ground is ready, you need to pick up a new pot correctly.
The capacity requirements for the plant
Original features include care Spathiphyllum: abundant flowering arrow occurs only if the roots of a fully wound soil and grown to the volume of the pot. Therefore, a large basin do not need to pick up for it, it should only a few centimeters exceeds the volume of the root system of the plants are transplanted. The best option would be to young pot bush, the diameter of which does not exceed 15-20 cm.
Technology transplant Spathiphyllum
Further care and transplant Spathiphyllum is to comply with the simplest rules. If drainage is left, it is necessary to remove the root system of the bush. Repot the plant, it is desirable when it is not blooming.
If, nevertheless, it is attended by white arrows, then they are removed secateurs, as the plant is exposed to stress, prizhivayas at the new location. Additional load in the form of flower food to him at this time is not necessary. In addition, it cuts off too young leaves and withered and dried leaves.
Root system also need pruning. In this case, deleted excessively elongated root branching and rotten roots.
Then, the bottom of the pot is placed a drainage. The best material for this - concrete block, but it can be replaced and a small gravel and finely podroblennym brick. Then poured purchased or prepared soil mix, a little short of the edge of the container.
In the center is placed a bush, neatly and symmetrically placed roots of the plant around. Top layer is filled with another lot and lightly pressed down around the bush outlet. He must hold fast in the soil, do not wander, so its base is deepened slightly and slightly compacted.
On the white stem plants can be seen dark bumps. This is not a sign of disease, and kidney, of which overlook aerial roots. They should not be completely covered with earth. Gradually they grow to the soil and take root in her own, providing a good stability of the flower.
This is followed by a generous watering Spathiphyllum and abundantly sprayed his crown from the sprinkler. All it needs after transplant Spathiphyllum - good soil moisture and irrigation of the foliage. In addition, it provides high-quality lighting, with no direct sunlight.
adult transplantation, strongly overgrown plants governed by the rules set out above. At the same time you can spend and reproduction Spathiphyllum dividing rhizomes. This is the easiest and most effective way to get some new plants. The main thing is to divide the hive so that the receptacle contains 2-3 healthy, fully expanded leaves, and a full, undamaged spine. Seedlings are planted on the same technology as the purchased plants when transplanting into the new container.
Spathiphyllum growing, it is necessary to stick to just a few rules and regulations. If you do not provide a simple, but mandatory care Spathiphyllum at home: dry plants wilt and often die.
First of all, the right watering is organized. Tropical plant and likes a well-moistened soil. We can not allow complete drying of the soil. If a clod is dry completely, then Spathiphyllum leaves turn yellow and the plant will be impossible to save.
On the other hand, too waterlogged soil can also be disastrous. Zagniyut roots and the plant will be gone. That is why winter care for Spathiphyllum eliminates frequent watering.
In the winter, it is generally recommended to provide a flower resting state. The amount of irrigation is reduced feeding generally excluded, and temperature control is maintained within + 16 ° C + 17 ° C. In this case, the light level is not reduced. Flower should receive a daily dose of soft light. This is done in order to flower gained the strength needed for abundant spring and summer flowering.
If the grower has decided, on the contrary, to please yourself and loved ones flourishing "sailing ship", when outside cold and snowy weather, the winter maintenance of Spathiphyllum completely different. Room temperature is raised to + 21 ° C + 24 ° C, bush abundantly watered and fed periodically. But by the spring of a plant can "tired" and begin to gain strength in the summer and spring, which would reduce the number of colors.
lighting requirements for the flower
Spathiphyllum prefers well-lit areas, but does not love, when it is exposed to direct sunlight. They can cause burns on its leaves. It is best suited for his northern windowsills, provided that they are not covered loggia or balcony.
If this is not possible, then it will feel good about themselves, and in all the other rooms, with access to different parts of the world. But then it should not be put on the window sill, where there is a risk of "singe" leaves. It is better to choose a place where it will be fully provided by sunlight, but not a direct and diffused.
In the shadow of the flower is better not to. Leaves begin to stretch, fade and grow shallow.
Flower woman's happiness did not fussy to the temperature regime. Winter temperatures can vary in the range from +16 to + 24 ° C. And lower temperatures him on the shoulder. Even at t + 13 ° C, the plant loses its decorative effect, but will cease to grow and release the arrow.
The most appropriate summer temperature: + 22-24 ° C. Flower stand, and higher level of the thermometer. Scorching the air whose temperature is raised to + 27 ° C does not bring serious harm to the plant, if it is well watered and spray.
Varieties and grades Spathiphyllum - features and characteristics of
Characterized in that it has no stem, the leaves grow directly out of the ground on small petioles. Oval, lanceolate leaves are cut lengthwise and transverse streaks are well pressed into the surface and form a beautiful relief.
The flowers consist of cream cob wrapped in a white, pointed sail. During flowering, it is painted in white color, then it changes to green tint.
Such popular varieties: Sensation, Sweet Chico, Picasso, Lauretta, Quattro, Chopin, Cupido, Alan Strauss.
No less popular is the variety of Chopin or Chopin. It is compact, bush height does not exceed 35-40 cm. The leaves are dark green, shiny, with embossed stripes. Flowers with white veil, with pale green island and veins. In the first half of the day it makes a pleasant smell. Abiding by the rules mentioned above, it is possible to care for Spathiphyllum Chopin at home. Sometimes care Spathiphyllum Chopin comprises treating the leaves with a sponge dipped in clean water. Thus, Spathiphyllum prevented disease and the possibility of many pests, such as mealybug.
The main feature of Cupido varieties - high stalks that allow to some extent replace the plant stalks. They are well kept leaves in a vertical position and, unlike other varieties, the leaves are not spread out along the surface of the earth and grow up. The height of the plant is 50 cm.
The leaves are glossy, oval, with a sharp end, a well-incised veins. Flowers are like a candle flame, where the wick of a creamy-white color and flame - bright white. Sail flower pure white, with no green streaks. In general, care Spathiphyllum Cupido coincides with the principles of the content of other varieties. The main thing that is required - a quality watering, good lighting and a moderate temperature without extreme values.
Sort by Alan external characteristics very similar to Cupido. Its leaves are also growing at high cuttings, forming erect shrub. Leaves two varieties is difficult to distinguish from each other. The only feature of distinctiveness - Alan on the back side of the sail in the middle, the green bar passes. Not only have almost identical appearance of flowers, care Spathiphyllum Alana is no different from taking care of grade Cupido.
During breeding giant flower varieties have been withdrawn, the growth of which can be up to 1 m and above. But the researchers also took into account the requirements of small premises and created a mini-Spathiphyllum - compact form clumps which do not exceed 10-15 cm in height.
One of the representatives of miniature varieties is Spathiphyllum Strauss crown with a height not exceeding 30 cm. Its foliage is leathery, elongated, with a sunken prozhiliny, brilliant. Blanket flower snow-white, and he looks like a pale-yellow ear of corn.
Red Spathiphyllum - there or not?
The flower of the same family Araceae called Anthurium often called Spathiphyllum red, confusing it with the women's happiness. This common mistake is connected with the extraordinary similarity in shape of the plant flower and leaves of a "community". Their main difference - the colors of the sails. In Spathiphyllum it can be pure white or with green speckles and streaks. Toward the end of flowering, it turns green. Anthurium is typical for a wide range of colors for the covers: white, orange, red, purple, burgundy. Read the article: The plant myrtle: the rules of the indoor content.
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