- 1 Plaster or putty how to: what dictionaries say?
- 2 How to write and speak correctly - "filler" or "filler"?
- 3 Putty or plaster? What is the difference between the plaster and putty?
Plaster or putty how to: what dictionaries say?
Typing in a search engine question â € "putty or filler how to obtain a lot of materials that refer to different interpretations of the origin of the word dictionary and its correct spelling.
Who and why do we need to know? Does it really matter, how do you spell? Any one reading understand, and so what we are, no matter how I write it.
But the question is asked, then, needs someone to answer. Let's look at this concept a little departure from the standard of numerous abstruse explanations.
Putting yourself â € "who needs it, you come to the conclusion that the first thing to know about how to properly say" shpaklevat9raquo; or "shpatlevat9raquo ;, interests of those who write articles on the theme of construction.
Such sites in RuNet a great multitude, and so as not to produce errors ask search engines, hoping to get the right answer.
The first to mind notions of putty (putty) come associated with the repair construction work.
Therefore, in the dictionary meaning is building the value of the word, which is most often used spatula.
In some of them, these words have the same meaning, and it makes no difference how you write them. Therefore, any writing can be considered correct.
Other sources recommend the correct spelling "shpatlevat9raquo ;, derived from the German Spatel â €" spatula.
Otherwise the writing is considered to be outdated distorted (Spachtel â € "shpahtel) form of the same origin.
It turns out that properly and correctly saying "shpatlevka9raquo ;. Everything else is old and misapplied.
Indeed, the tool "shpatel9raquo; widespread concept that is used not only in construction but also in medicine, art, biology, cooking and so on. d.
Good tool "shpatel9raquo; â € "There is, but there is a" shpaklevka9raquo; â € 'a mixture for surfacing. Is it not from it to make the concept of "shpaklevat9raquo ;?
Are we surprised when we first coat â € "gruntuem (not paint)? If so, then the process of coating the surface of the alignment solution, properly called putty (putty).
If we are really to be accurate, it is more correct to call this process as a mixture called his producer: if the package says "shpaklevka9raquo; â € "shpaklyuem; If â € "" shpatlevka9raquo; â € "shpatlyuem.
A spatula can even plaster and beyond. That's the whole logic.
By the way, as early as in Russia, so it is now a gap in the log cabins caulk a tow â € "shpaklyuyut. I do not whether from our native word "paklya9raquo; should look for the correct spelling.
And yet, what's the difference? After all, any of us understand these two concepts right.
spatula consider all sides and summarize the relevant results for the full credibility of the origin of these words.
Display the pure water of those who claim that it is necessary to speak correctly "shpatlevka9raquo ;.
The basis of all take too German word Spatel â € '(paddle), which can be made of wood, glass, plastics, steel, rubber, wire and m. P.
Let's start with a list of all known sphere and descending list the main (not all) of the application spatula tool:
Construction and repair â € "finishing work:
- Removing unnecessary sagging surfaces and cleaning solution from the old coats of paint, plaster, putty, wall paper and so on. P .;
- Direct application on the prepared surface of the screed â € 'fillers (fillers);
- Sealing of cracks and seams solution.
- Mixing of paints on the palette;
- Removing excess of fresh paint from the canvas;
- Drawing of lines per image or trituration (smear) of paint.
- Everyone familiar spatula (spatula) for fixing the tongue when viewed throat doctor;
- In the dental office, a mixture with a spatula for fillings;
- Tools with the same name used in surgery, and so on. D.
- Preparation and mixing of chemicals;
- Distribution of biological samples on a microscope slide;
- Trituration and grinding of surface of biological cultures and t. N.
With the blades turn over burgers, pancakes and even all sorts of delicious things that you should not write in detail so as not to choke on saliva.
From the foregoing, the conclusion arises â € "whether all the appropriate steps with a spatula tool called putty or filler, how to really?
Dentist putty (putty) tooth? You have that funny?
How to avoid mistakes when puttying
Having dealt with the words down to business. Of great interest is building the profile of the work with putty or filler as you wish, and this process is called.
It is more important not to say the word correctly, and make high-quality repairs. Therefore, for those with their hands I decided to carry out the alignment surfaces are given advice on how to avoid mistakes.
Mistake number one is the wrong choice of mixture. You can not always rely on the recommendation of the seller, a little bit better to understand this yourself or ask an independent builder.
Mixtures of different both in composition and purpose, so it is important to make the right choice. Cement â € "at drying gives a strong contraction, but are resistant to humidity.
Suitable for applying a thin layer of large surface defects form pits and fissures, which, after drying, seemingly even layer appears again.
Plaster â € "strongly absorb moisture, so they should not be used in rooms with high humidity (in the lavatories and bathrooms).
But they are less likely chemical additives, which is an advantage for the premises where necessary to adhere to eco-friendly materials.
Polymer â € "the most expensive of all, but also in quality higher than the rest. They are moisture resistant and hardly shrink.
For perfect surfaces may be used like a mixture of â € 'it is suitable for painting and surface protection from adverse effects of the environment.
Each layer of putty performs its functions:
Start (the name speaks for itself) is applied to the surface to fix all kinds of flaws. It is used to eliminate the pits, small drops and sealing small cracks.
This coat is easy to sand, does not warp when dry, is easily distributed over the surface and is not as expensive as the finish, which is a pity to waste on the elimination of defects.
The finish is a mixture for protecting and strengthening, perfect surface finish.
Expensive materials after drying it becomes very hard, hard sanded, not limp away from moisture and do not reach for the paint.
We can say that this is a kind of armor for the final works on the surface.
Please look on the video:
Summarizing all the above, the question â € "putty or filler as the correct answer unequivocally, that only it was quality.
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How to write and speak correctly - "filler" or "filler"?
For decades, people are not haunted by the question: what is the correct option - "filler" or "filler"? It would seem - a word long ago, a bunch of dictionaries on hand, but the truth remains somewhere nearby - here and on all building mixtures write something "to" the "T" ... And yet - how to?
And in real life, and on building forums can be seen lengthy discussions about which of the two spellings and pronunciations correct. And opinions often - absolutely opposite.
Someone convinced that one legitimate option - Putty (from the name of the instrument - spatula), and the cunning Russian word simply adapted by all the usual "paklevat" - to plug the holes in the construction of a tow. And that - a sphere, like a class, that word should be almost identical, for convenience!
Spatula - a tool for applying the composition to the finished surface
Some sincerely believe that two words - different and represent concepts are different, too: plaster - is a dry mortar, and strictly natural and putty - are ready and synthetic.
Others honestly trying to find the truth, and climb to the dictionary: Both options are equally valid, they say, and controversy to anything. Write and say the way you want - and nothing hammer head.
We like honest people, too, have a look in the dictionary, but for now let us turn to history.
Russia - a country rich in timber, and "forestry" construction has always been an important part of her life. In houses, churches, ships, gaps between the logs often necessary to seal and insulate, and for these purposes, perfectly suited tow - waste from the primary processing of flax, hemp, properly tarred. From the tow occurred and the verb "paklevat" - indeed, familiar and familiar to our man's word.
But with the period of active language exchange in Russia, new words and concepts, in particular, the German spachteln ([shpahteln]) and spatel. The second word in the translation of the usual "spatula", meant a spatula or blunt knife for applying and smoothing the thick mixture or paint - painters tool, painters, builders and pharmacists. Accordingly, spachteln - is putty, apply the mixture.
Word soon came into use, adapt our speech, but the association with "paklevaniem" first arose. Moreover, Vladimir Dal, "our everything" domestic lexicography, in his dictionary 1863-1866 gg. immediately made it three completely equal version Keywords: shpadlevat, putty, putty - cover up and overwrite the grooves, cracks, knots and Zhukovin special composition (!). From these words, and there was a trinity: shpadlevka, putty and plaster.
It is clear that according to the "d" and "t" in the middle of the word arose under the influence of German words (that's trowel in the dictionary named also shpadelem), putty, it is quite likely - appeared on the basis of "paklevaniya".
However, even at that time, almost in parallel with the Dalem, Academic Dictionary in 1847 secured a literary option - plastered (and hence - plaster). And today it remains a literary norm.
Ozhegov brings both concepts - and with the letter "t" and the letter "k"
What do modern dictionaries?
If you walk through the pages of modern dictionaries, it is easy to verify the existence of this most literary norm. Most dictionaries give only one option - plastered: Small EVGENYEVA Collegiate Dictionary, Thesaurus Dictionary Ephraim, Ushakov dictionary of foreign words, and many others. Some lead two equivalent versions: putty and putty: Glossary Ozhegova, Great Encyclopedic Polytechnic Dictionary, thesaurus.
Logically explains such confusion Great Dictionary correct Russian speech Skvortsova: both words have the same value of 2: putty to fill surface irregularities and coating process of this putty. they came from different verbs - putty and putty, which in turn goes back to a single German word. And if the "filler" - this is the natural sound of the original transfer to the Russian language, "putty" she could well be influenced by the words "paklevat".
Today "filler" is informally professionalism: almost any builder can honestly say that the letter "k" in the word simply jarring. What is interesting, on the labels of the most long-suffering shpa (k, m) Lev can be found, both the name and sometimes - just two. But strict building GOST literary norm does not recognize - Interstate putty standard, and that's it.
GOST interpret a tricky word uniquely
The conclusion is simple - both options have the right to life, so choose what you like. Of course, if you work in the construction industry or want to seamlessly integrate into the painting and painter company, better yet accustomed to say "filler." And if you begin to argue that you say wrong, just tell us about spachteln and tow. And rejoice that the most bizarre version - shpadlevka - remained on the pages of an old dictionary.
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Putty or plaster? What is the difference between the plaster and putty?
Finishing operations are performed in several stages as a first of which protrudes alignment ceilings and walls. For this purpose use special mineral compositions made on the basis of the binding. They are known among consumers called filler. By purchasing such a mixture, you can see the name that appears on the packaging - plaster. In order not to suffer a loss in putty or filler is needed for work, you need to understand the value of said words. Let's try to do it in this article.
Description putty and putty
If you raise the question of what is different coat of putty, it is necessary to determine what mix data presented paste or powder formulations, among ingredients which contains carpenter's glue, sifted gypsum, chalk and various mineral fillers, which are used as maintenance material for leveling surfaces prior to painting or performing other finishing works. Putty or filler can be oil-in-adhesive, latex, acrylic, glue or oil. Each variety of different qualitative characteristics of the mixture, depending on which is solved for some works to use the composition. If you just can not choose what you need - putty or plaster, you should know that both of these materials are the same, and the data is used for surfacing compositions.
If you raise the question of how to spell - plaster or putty, you can use both of these words in writing and in the use of speech. The difference is only in the spelling of names intricacies use. Thus, the filler is formed from the word "shpatel9raquo ;, which is a small spatula construction. originally, the word spatel It comes from the German, and then rooted in the Russian language. It was confirmed as a verb forms "shpaklevat9raquo ;, that involves applying the composition with a spatula. By analogy with the verb form of the experts, domestic masters began to utter the name structure as the filler.
In modern dictionaries spelling, both spellings are considered normal. As for the professionals, it is most often in their vocabulary they use the word putty that comes to speaking, it is a commonly used second choice.
Putty adhesive has a uniform paste-like consistency. These mixtures are used in the conduct of internal finishing works. Prior to applying the surface must be well cleaned. Use as a rough surface can be brick, concrete and plaster. The need arises to use a mixture based on the presence of small cracks, holes, roughness. After carrying out such works can decorate the wall with paint. If you still have not decided what should be chosen in a store building materials - putty or plaster, you can purchase part with any of these names. The adhesive mixture has a high whiteness can be used for further whitewash. It includes no varnish. Before use, the surface must be degreased to ensure low moisture levels as well as eliminate the contaminants.
Recommendations for use fillings
Fillers should be applied uniformly, achieving uniform layer whose thickness is 0.3-1 mm. The drying step should take place at a temperature of 20 degrees, but not less. Each layer must be dried for half an hour. If the temperature drops to 15 degrees, the drying time may be increased to 4 hours. Embarking on painting works must be no earlier than the day after the drying of the applied layer.
Some technical characteristics of the adhesive putty
Before purchasing a product, you should consider consumption, which for the adhesive composition ranges from 300 to 800 grams per square meter. A particular value will depend on the variety of rough surface. Putty is fireproof and non-toxic. However, in contact with skin it should be washed off with water. If you later want to use the tools that are used in the process of applying the composition, then they should be washed under running water, except for drying the mixture on countertops. After manufacturing the filler should not be stored for more than 3 months. It is important to maintain the temperature within 5 degrees, but not less. Do not allow freezing.
Characteristics gypsum putty
Putty gypsum involves consumption per square meter in the range of 1.2 kilograms. This indicator is true for the thickness of 1 millimeter. Excellent adhesion to the base, as indicated by the number equivalent to 0.6 MPa. Cooking for the application should be limited composition, it is due to the fact that the time "health" of the solution is 60 minutes. complete drying time is 5 hours. Work must be carried out at temperatures ranging from +5 to +30 degrees. Operated surface which was finished gypsum putty may, when the thermometer mark is in the range of +5 to +50 degrees.
Field of use of the gypsum filler
Gypsum plaster is used, if necessary alignment of horizontal and vertical surfaces which are made of cement, foamed concrete, plaster, plasterboard, and on the basis of lime and cement mortar. Use the mixture may be in a dry room, the walls of which will be painted or wallpaper paste is assumed. This training is ideal for further decoration.
Putty and putty are one and the same composition, which you can use to align the different types of surfaces. The building materials store most importantly - decide on the appointment of a mixture, it largely determines the composition.