- 1 Orchids or northern orchid on your site
- 2 Orchis: use in folk medicine, description, properties
- 3 Orchis - Forest Beauty orchid
Orchids or northern orchid on your site
Orchis - interesting plant, resembling an orchid orchis is a unique plant that grows in the meadows and fields of Russia. Straight stem, spotted flowers and leaves - all distinctive features of the plant. Orchids - orchids the same, only the northern. Kinship with majestic flowers hints that one of the six petals is blue in color, and at its base is located spur.
Orchis has spotted leaves that resemble tulip leaves. Since colorful flowers are collected in spike, they are very attractive to insects. Spots - is not nothing but a signal to pollinators that there is much to feast on. All the nectar is in a spur. Seeds collected in a box. The tubers of orchids, as well as the root, updated each year.
Special requirements for the care of orchids does not show
The root is composed of two tubers. The most valuable of them - young and juicy. From tubers salep the pharmacy prepared a special powder.
salep mucus is used to cure:
- hyperacidity gastritis;
- food poisoning;
- stomach ulcer;
- nasal respiratory diseases.
Intoxication or poisoning poisons recommended orchids spotted, male or shlemonosny.
It is best to grow orchids in semi-wild part of the garden
Tubers orchids topically used in abscesses. First they were pounded into powder. Then mixed with lard or steamed milk. Also tubers salep used to stimulate hair growth and as to get rid of a toothache.
Among other things, orchids is considered an excellent remedy for nervous exhaustion, impotence, weakness, arising due to the debilitating long illnesses. Using salep recommended for those who have suffered severe bleeding, suffering from intestinal catarrh, sick with tuberculosis. Also, the plant is able to treat women uterine disease and catarrh of the bladder.
The plant is not affected by diseases and pests, it looks attractive and is widely used in medicine
Orchis militaris very easy to plant and replant. Good choice for the plant in your garden site, even if you move it from the wildlife on their flowerbed. Transplanting is done in autumn or spring. Breeding plant is recommended on the illuminated spot.
Care wild orchid
Orchis spotted does not like waterlogged soils. During feeding it is important to ensure that the plant did not get fresh manure. It is recommended to make mulching the soil, the best option for that - the needles.
If orchids growing in a sunny area, it is necessary to make watering. The rest of the plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, pests and diseases is not subject. He loves semi-wild garden areas.
A place for planting the plants should be light or poluzatenennym
Propagated dividing root, seed, sometimes self-seeding. He dislikes weeds. Winter transfers without shelter.
At this point stands are many kinds of orchids.
- Orchis militaris is a decorative plant, flowering from May to June. In the inflorescence flowers are bright purple-brownish, violet or pink shades. Five-perianth resembles a helmet.
- Caspian orchids - low plant with leaves linear-lanceolate. The flowers are dark purple, sparsely located. It grows in Dagestan, the Caucasus and Iran.
- Kloponosny orchis has a specific odor like timber bugs. shade flowers - purple and brown. The plant is listed as endangered.
- Male orchids - herbaceous perennial plant with paired tubers. On the reverse side of the leaf present a dark purple or purple spots. Inflorescence collected from flowers pale magenta or purple. Flowering from June to July. The plant is listed as endangered.
- Monkey orchids - herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 45 cm blooms from April to May.. During flowering produced numerous white or pink flowers with small purple flecks. The plant is a rare species, listed as endangered.
If orchids growing in a sunny area, it is necessary to make watering. The rest of the plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, pests and diseases are not subject to
Use in landscape design
At the moment, produced by crossing several species of plants are represented. Choose for your garden can be as a standard option - spotted orchids and original species - purple or monkey orchids.
A place for planting the plants should be light or poluzatenennym. But some species (for example, orchids shlemonosny) is better positioned in the shade. Best of all culture will grow on moist loose soil. Marsh orchids very wet ground required. Without exception, all kinds of plants like soil rich in minerals.
Orchis is a unique plant that grows in the meadows and fields of Russia
Orchis is perfect for creating semi-wild part of the garden. He can become a good decoration for the rock garden, but in this case it is necessary to prefer those varieties that do not make high demands on the soil. In a mixed flower bed plant is better not to use, it will hide the dominant plants. But in monochrome gardens orchids can be used.
Orchis - interesting plant that resembles an orchid. Landing him in the garden will not cause difficulties even for the novice gardener. Special requirements for the care of the plant does not show. It is best to grow orchids in semi-wild part of the garden. The plant is not affected by diseases and pests, it looks attractive and is widely used in medicine.
Orchis: use in folk medicine, description, properties
What is this grass, like orchids? The use of traditional medicine and the description of this plant will be discussed in this article.
Orchids, photos of which is presented above is a plant belonging to the orchid family. The name of this herb is of Greek origin and is translated into Russian as "yaichko9raquo ;. This strange name is associated with the appearance of tubers of plants that are very reminiscent of testicles.
There are also other versions of the origin of the Russian name of this herb. According to one of them, before the root orchids are very often used as a love potion called flower yatrovi.
Like many other plants, viewed grass may be cited as follows: cuckoo tears, Cocuy, proshiben marsh, vymechko two spine pyatipalochnaya grass, love-root, dog language, the core or solomondina handle.
Grass orchids - is a perennial tuberous plants. Its average height of about 10-50 cm. The root orchids represents thickening in two tubers or so-called salep.
The leaves of this plant are broadly linear or broadly covering the stem with a constriction in the petiole.
The flowers of orchids are small, collected in many-flowered inflorescence spicate long length of 7-9 or 15 cm. They may have a purplish-pink or dark cherry color.
The upper petals of flowers to form a kind of hat, and the lower - so-called lip with a spur. Red spots, which are located on the lip, serve as a kind of benchmark, attracting pollinating insects.
Waiting for pollinating flowers of this herb may not fade for 7-10 days. However, in contact with the pollen they immediately die on the stigma. Flowering orchids plant from April to August.
Most species of this herb is propagated by seeds. But some (such as Orchis militaris) can divide vegetatively, forming instead of a single two new tubers.
Spotted orchids and other kinds of plants grow in a cool, subtropical and temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere. This herb can be found in Central and Southern Europe, as well as far away in Asia. Some species of plants grow in North America. As for Russia, then in a large number of orchids are found in the Crimea and in the Caucasus Mountains.
Spotted orchids and other kinds of herbs usually grow in moist soil, though it is not very tolerant of her excessive waterlogging.
In most dry and hot during the summer these plants go into a state of rest. They are stored in the soil in the form of tubers and rhizomes until the next favorable season.
In the autumn of orchids are beginning to grow slowly pass their life cycle until July.
Most species of plants such as orchids (photo presented in this article), are calcicole. In other words, they like to grow in soil rich in lime. Also, there are species that prefer or alkaline earth rich mineral substances.
Virtually all for its growth orchis selected areas of high brightness (e.g., meadow, forest rarefied zone, the edge of the forest). While some plants can still be found in the shade.
Orchis is the patient's samples. In other words, such a plant tries to avoid proximity to the competitive grass species. If this could not be avoided, it takes less fertile land. In this regard, orchids are found only in single copies or in small quantities and rarely form a large cluster.
Considered the plant is well adapted to the transfer of adverse natural conditions. Due to the accumulation of substances in the underground organs, he can wait for their changes over several years.
On the population of orchids have no effect haying and visiting the forest in summer. However disastrous for them is grazing.
Economic importance and the use of herbs
Orchis in the pharmacy you can buy only in dried form. Moreover, the market comes not only the flowers and leaves, but the tubers. The latter contain a starch, sugar and mucous substances. Dried rhizomes or salep actively used as enveloping and smyagchitelnogo means for poisoning, gastritis and colitis. Sometimes they are advised to take a weak patients to strengthen the body.
We should also note that under consideration herb is used in veterinary medicine for intestinal catarrh in domestic animals.
Orchis: used in folk medicine
Mucus, which is obtained by stirring comminuted tuber orchids, very often used in folk medicine for the treatment of many different diseases. Despite the fact that the quality of the medicinal plant and has not been fully understood, experts have shown that the mucus has a pronounced effect on the human body. It coats the mucous membranes of the digestive organs, and also has expectorant, hematopoietic, anticonvulsant, tonic and tonic properties.
How else to use orchids? The use of traditional medicine, this plant is shown in case of poisoning by certain poisons. To this end, an aqueous infusion of herbs in the form of an oral agent or enemas. This medicine does not allow dangerous substances absorbed in the intestine, which prevents the poisoning process. Also, therapeutic enemas with orchids very well help with hemorrhoids.
We should also note that the tubers of the herbs have anti-inflammatory effects for chronic and acute diseases of the respiratory system. Furthermore, the plant improves blood and promotes its renewal.
Which diseases apply?
When to use orchids? The use of traditional medicine is indicated for treatment of the following diseases:
- diarrhea, cystitis, senility, tuberculosis;
- depression, diseases of the digestive tract, catarrh of the bladder;
- bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, which are accompanied by a cough, impotence, and impotence;
- exhaustion, hypovitaminosis, anemia;
- bronchial asthma, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis;
- inflammation of the appendages, prostate, loss of strength, including the recovery period after serious illnesses.
How to prepare a medical mucus from the powder of orchids? The answer to this question is known, not all supporters of traditional medicine. Therefore, drug prescription we decided to present in this article.
Half dessert spoons powder made from the root of the plant must be filled with a glass of boiling water, cooled to room temperature. Closing the container lid components allow to infuse for 60 minutes, stirring them regularly. For more dense suspension to the infusion sometimes add fresh honey. Such ingredient dramatically improves characteristics flavoring agents. Take it for therapeutic purposes twice a day (100 mL) before a meal. Healing rate from diseases of the digestive tract should last at least 30 days.
If you need to make a medicinal decoction roots orchids, then this must take 3 g of finished powder and fill it with 380 ml of hot water. The resulting mixture should protomai and pour boiling water for 9-10 minutes on low heat, stirring constantly components. Next, the broth is required to insist for an hour and potsedit.
Take such a drug is desirable for 100 ml three times a day before meals. Also, be sure to comply with reduction diet with rice or broth. Such elixir often used as an emergency with diarrhea and dysentery.
Orchis - Forest Beauty orchid
Orchis - a perennial herb with a very decorative inflorescences and a plurality of medicinal properties. It is due to its use orchids for decades was destroyed and today included in the Red Book as endangered species. Cultivating his own garden, you can not only enrich the flower garden, but it is to care for the preservation of rare flora. Orchis has a lot of people's names, "dog language" among them, "core", "vymechko," "cuckoo tears", "Wild Orchid". He distributed in the temperate zone of the entire Northern Hemisphere. The plant prefers a cold climate, it grows on rich calcareous soils forest edges and moist foothills.
Orchis - herbaceous perennial of the family Orchidaceae. It is fed by rhizomes with paired, oblong tubers, which are often compared to men's testicles. Erect stems length of 10-50 cm at the base sheet concealed socket. Or broadly oval leaves are sitting on the shoot. The upper leaves are small petioles. Sometimes the base olive green sheet plate are small dark spots.
In April-August, the stem elongates and becomes a simple naked stems with dense spike-like inflorescences 7-9 cm long. Small orchid like flowers painted in lilac-pink or cherry color. Petals of the upper helmet is formed, and the lower lip form a three-bladed with a spur. The base of the lips covered with dark spots. The flowers exude a subtle sweet flavor with hints of vanilla and honey. Separate bud blooms 7-10 days until it was the insects pollinate. Immediately after the pollen falling on the ovary petals wither. Soon the mature dry seed pods with a very small dark seeds.
Species diversity of orchids quite large. Today botanists refer to this genus of more than 60 species of plants. Some species have recently moved into the genus neotinea anacamptis and the same family.
Orchis male. Herbaceous perennial with paired oblong tubers grows 20-50 cm in height. The base of the stem is covered with purple spots. On it grow broadly enveloping leaves that are slightly folded along the longitudinal veins. Leaf length - 7-14 cm and the width - 1.5-3.5 cm Green surface covered purple or dark purple spots, located closer to the base.. Cylindrical kolosovidnoe inflorescence of 6-18 cm in length consists of 15-50 buds. Lilac flowers are rather small, they consist of a bent lip broad, with three blades, blunt spurs and a small helmet. Flowers bloom in April and May.
Orchis spotted. It is this kind of popular with gardeners because of the high decorative properties. The plant has palmate-divided tuberous rhizome. Shoots a height of 15-60 cm is quite dense, erect. In the lower part they are hidden under a linear dark green foliage. the tip of the stem is decorated with a very dense and short spike inflorescence light purple or violet color. The base of a three-blade lips covered with dark spots. Similar spots are present in the bottom of the leaves. Inflorescence bloom in late May.
Orchis simian. Photophilous plant height of 20-50 cm. Above ground formed sheet outlet of 4-6 broadly lanceolate leaves with a rounded edge. Inflorescence looks like a short thick brush with honey aroma. Lateral lobes of lip is very narrow, linear. The central part is extended, so the lip is externally resembles a miniature monkey body, for that kind of got its name.
Orchis militaris (helmet). The plant is 20-60 cm tall has large bright green leaves are oval in shape. Length subtle downward lamina is 8-18 cm and the width -.. Approximately 2.5 cm thick dissolved ear length 5-8 cm It has a pyramidal shape in May and June. The narrow, thin lip broadly split into three shares. Helmet of the upper lobe larger.
Purple orchids. The plant is characterized by a large size. Stem 40-70 cm long with a circular cross section and expands to 12 mm in thickness. At its base contiguous grows 3-6, broadly sheet with a sharp edge. In May and June, rises spike 5-20 cm long. It consists of a variety of fragrant flowers. Pink lip dissected contrasts with the black-and-purple or brown-purple helmet.
Most species of orchids are propagated by seeds. In favorable conditions the plant provides a rich self-sowing. However, the seeds can germinate only if the special soil fungi. Often, when sown in the home land taken from the place where wild orchids grow in the meadow. Seeds can be sown throughout the year. They are trying to distribute in a container with moist breeding ground. Capacity cover film and put in a well-lighted place with the temperature +18 ... + 24 ° C. Seedlings appear slow and uneven. germination process takes 1-3 months.
When the seedlings to grow a few leaves, so they should be seated at a separate pot. To avoid damaging the roots of each plant transplanted with a large lump of earth. Until the spring seedlings are grown under greenhouse conditions in April and May on sunny warm days spend hardening. In the open ground orchids are planted only in late May, when the frosts will. The distance between the seedlings should be 10-15 cm.
The simplest is considered breeding orchids tubers. In autumn, when the fade ground part of the plant, it is cut. The tubers are dug out and carefully separated. They immediately planted in the new pit. In this part of the land from the old location must be transferred together with the club.
Interestingly, the tubers grow as branches, so this method of propagation can be carried out during the summer. The first time separated when a tuber buds. It is very important to be careful not to damage the stem and rhizome. Further, the separation is repeated every 25-30 days. The resulting tuber is planted in the new place. An early flowering can be expected. In forming a leaf rosette develops and rootstock within 3-5 years. Only after that with the right care begins flowering.
Orchids are resistant to weather conditions, but may suffer from the more aggressive neighbors in the flowerbed. For their growth needs mycorrhiza (symbiosis with specific fungi in the ground). Plant to plant better in partial shade. Where there is a bright sun in the morning and evening, and at noon there is shading.
The soil should be fairly moist but not waterlogged. Earth must not be acidic, preferably neutral or slightly acidic soil with a high content of lime and nutrients. In severe drought with little watering orchids can go into hibernation. The plant is actively growing and blooming in the spring, and then waking up in the fall. It must be watered regularly to the earth does not dry out too much.
Feed the plants better fertilizing organic (compost, shredded pine needles). Their soil mulching twice a year, in spring and autumn, to a height of 5-7 cm. Use mineral complexes, as well as fresh manure is undesirable. They will contribute to the development of leaves, but flowering may not occur.
In autumn the whole aboveground part dies orchids. only tubers with a reserve of nutrients remain in the soil. Ground vegetation can be cut as soon as it begins to turn yellow. It is not necessary to wait for complete drying. Pruning will stimulate the tuber to transition into hibernation.
By the winter orchids adapted well. In central Russia, he does not need additional cover. Much more dangerous for him are not cold, and the flooding of the soil. Because of him, the tubers may rot.
Although the plants are delicate orchid family, they are not afraid of disease. Orchids are not suffering from rot and mold, parasites and do not attack the plant. The only pests are slugs. Protect yourself from them, you can use ash, crushed eggshells or straw. These materials are scattered on the ground around the flower bed. Tender calf parasites are damaged when you try to overcome the obstacle.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
Orchis used as a medicinal plant in folk medicine. Its tubers (salep) and flowers contain a large amount of slime, essential oils, protein, complex carbohydrates, mineral salts and glycosides. Of harvested flowers and roots are made mucous broths, milk jelly, alcohol tinctures and oil extracts.
The funds received help to get rid of the following diseases:
Very popular means of orchids are in men. They treat sexual disorder, prostatitis, adenoma, male impotence.
Use products with orchids can even children. they have no contraindications. It is only necessary to be careful at first admission to people with a tendency to allergies. It is important to keep the medicinal raw materials correctly. If it was got mold or parasites, preparing medicines is unacceptable.
Rare orchids planted in a mixed flower bed. They look better in a solo group plantings in the middle of the lawn, rocky masonry or near conifers and ferns. Sometimes wild orchids can be found on the alpine hill. With it you can make a variety of wild flower garden area or a monochrome garden.