- 1 Orchids or northern orchid on your site
- 2 Orchis: use in folk medicine, description, properties
- 3 Orchids or orhis: species with photos, difficulty in growing and breeding
Orchids or northern orchid on your site
Orchis - interesting plant, resembling an orchid orchis is a unique plant that grows in the meadows and fields of Russia. Straight stem, spotted flowers and leaves - all distinctive features of the plant. Orchids - orchids the same, only the northern. Kinship with majestic flowers hints that one of the six petals is blue in color, and at its base is located spur.
Orchis has spotted leaves that resemble tulip leaves. Since colorful flowers are collected in spike, they are very attractive to insects. Spots - is not nothing but a signal to pollinators that there is much to feast on. All the nectar is in a spur. Seeds collected in a box. The tubers of orchids, as well as the root, updated each year.
Special requirements for the care of orchids does not show
The root is composed of two tubers. The most valuable of them - young and juicy. From tubers salep the pharmacy prepared a special powder.
salep mucus is used to cure:
- hyperacidity gastritis;
- food poisoning;
- stomach ulcer;
- nasal respiratory diseases.
Intoxication or poisoning poisons recommended orchids spotted, male or shlemonosny.
It is best to grow orchids in semi-wild part of the garden
Tubers orchids topically used in abscesses. First they were pounded into powder. Then mixed with lard or steamed milk. Also tubers salep used to stimulate hair growth and as to get rid of a toothache.
Among other things, orchids is considered an excellent remedy for nervous exhaustion, impotence, weakness, arising due to the debilitating long illnesses. Using salep recommended for those who have suffered severe bleeding, suffering from intestinal catarrh, sick with tuberculosis. Also, the plant is able to treat women uterine disease and catarrh of the bladder.
The plant is not affected by diseases and pests, it looks attractive and is widely used in medicine
Orchis militaris very easy to plant and replant. Good choice for the plant in your garden site, even if you move it from the wildlife on their flowerbed. Transplanting is done in autumn or spring. Breeding plant is recommended on the illuminated spot.
Care wild orchid
Orchis spotted does not like waterlogged soils. During feeding it is important to ensure that the plant did not get fresh manure. It is recommended to make mulching the soil, the best option for that - the needles.
If orchids growing in a sunny area, it is necessary to make watering. The rest of the plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, pests and diseases is not subject. He loves semi-wild garden areas.
A place for planting the plants should be light or poluzatenennym
Propagated dividing root, seed, sometimes self-seeding. He dislikes weeds. Winter transfers without shelter.
At this point stands are many kinds of orchids.
- Orchis militaris is a decorative plant, flowering from May to June. In the inflorescence flowers are bright purple-brownish, violet or pink shades. Five-perianth resembles a helmet.
- Caspian orchids - low plant with leaves linear-lanceolate. The flowers are dark purple, sparsely located. It grows in Dagestan, the Caucasus and Iran.
- Kloponosny orchis has a specific odor like timber bugs. shade flowers - purple and brown. The plant is listed as endangered.
- Male orchids - herbaceous perennial plant with paired tubers. On the reverse side of the leaf present a dark purple or purple spots. Inflorescence collected from flowers pale magenta or purple. Flowering from June to July. The plant is listed as endangered.
- Monkey orchids - herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 45 cm blooms from April to May.. During flowering produced numerous white or pink flowers with small purple flecks. The plant is a rare species, listed as endangered.
If orchids growing in a sunny area, it is necessary to make watering. The rest of the plant is unpretentious, does not require special care, pests and diseases are not subject to
Use in landscape design
At the moment, produced by crossing several species of plants are represented. Choose for your garden can be as a standard option - spotted orchids and original species - purple or monkey orchids.
A place for planting the plants should be light or poluzatenennym. But some species (for example, orchids shlemonosny) is better positioned in the shade. Best of all culture will grow on moist loose soil. Marsh orchids very wet ground required. Without exception, all kinds of plants like soil rich in minerals.
Orchis is a unique plant that grows in the meadows and fields of Russia
Orchis is perfect for creating semi-wild part of the garden. He can become a good decoration for the rock garden, but in this case it is necessary to prefer those varieties that do not make high demands on the soil. In a mixed flower bed plant is better not to use, it will hide the dominant plants. But in monochrome gardens orchids can be used.
Orchis - interesting plant that resembles an orchid. Landing him in the garden will not cause difficulties even for the novice gardener. Special requirements for the care of the plant does not show. It is best to grow orchids in semi-wild part of the garden. The plant is not affected by diseases and pests, it looks attractive and is widely used in medicine.
Orchis: use in folk medicine, description, properties
What is this grass, like orchids? The use of traditional medicine and the description of this plant will be discussed in this article.
Orchids, photos of which is presented above is a plant belonging to the orchid family. The name of this herb is of Greek origin and is translated into Russian as "yaichko9raquo ;. This strange name is associated with the appearance of tubers of plants that are very reminiscent of testicles.
There are also other versions of the origin of the Russian name of this herb. According to one of them, before the root orchids are very often used as a love potion called flower yatrovi.
Like many other plants, viewed grass may be cited as follows: cuckoo tears, Cocuy, proshiben marsh, vymechko two spine pyatipalochnaya grass, love-root, dog language, the core or solomondina handle.
Grass orchids - is a perennial tuberous plants. Its average height of about 10-50 cm. The root orchids represents thickening in two tubers or so-called salep.
The leaves of this plant are broadly linear or broadly covering the stem with a constriction in the petiole.
The flowers of orchids are small, collected in many-flowered inflorescence spicate long length of 7-9 or 15 cm. They may have a purplish-pink or dark cherry color.
The upper petals of flowers to form a kind of hat, and the lower - so-called lip with a spur. Red spots, which are located on the lip, serve as a kind of benchmark, attracting pollinating insects.
Waiting for pollinating flowers of this herb may not fade for 7-10 days. However, in contact with the pollen they immediately die on the stigma. Flowering orchids plant from April to August.
Most species of this herb is propagated by seeds. But some (such as Orchis militaris) can divide vegetatively, forming instead of a single two new tubers.
Spotted orchids and other kinds of plants grow in a cool, subtropical and temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere. This herb can be found in Central and Southern Europe, as well as far away in Asia. Some species of plants grow in North America. As for Russia, then in a large number of orchids are found in the Crimea and in the Caucasus Mountains.
Spotted orchids and other kinds of herbs usually grow in moist soil, though it is not very tolerant of her excessive waterlogging.
In most dry and hot during the summer these plants go into a state of rest. They are stored in the soil in the form of tubers and rhizomes until the next favorable season.
In the autumn of orchids are beginning to grow slowly pass their life cycle until July.
Most species of plants such as orchids (photo presented in this article), are calcicole. In other words, they like to grow in soil rich in lime. Also, there are species that prefer or alkaline earth rich mineral substances.
Virtually all for its growth orchis selected areas of high brightness (e.g., meadow, forest rarefied zone, the edge of the forest). While some plants can still be found in the shade.
Orchis is the patient's samples. In other words, such a plant tries to avoid proximity to the competitive grass species. If this could not be avoided, it takes less fertile land. In this regard, orchids are found only in single copies or in small quantities and rarely form a large cluster.
Considered the plant is well adapted to the transfer of adverse natural conditions. Due to the accumulation of substances in the underground organs, he can wait for their changes over several years.
On the population of orchids have no effect haying and visiting the forest in summer. However disastrous for them is grazing.
Economic importance and the use of herbs
Orchis in the pharmacy you can buy only in dried form. Moreover, the market comes not only the flowers and leaves, but the tubers. The latter contain a starch, sugar and mucous substances. Dried rhizomes or salep actively used as enveloping and smyagchitelnogo means for poisoning, gastritis and colitis. Sometimes they are advised to take a weak patients to strengthen the body.
We should also note that under consideration herb is used in veterinary medicine for intestinal catarrh in domestic animals.
Orchis: used in folk medicine
Mucus, which is obtained by stirring comminuted tuber orchids, very often used in folk medicine for the treatment of many different diseases. Despite the fact that the quality of the medicinal plant and has not been fully understood, experts have shown that the mucus has a pronounced effect on the human body. It coats the mucous membranes of the digestive organs, and also has expectorant, hematopoietic, anticonvulsant, tonic and tonic properties.
How else to use orchids? The use of traditional medicine, this plant is shown in case of poisoning by certain poisons. To this end, an aqueous infusion of herbs in the form of an oral agent or enemas. This medicine does not allow dangerous substances absorbed in the intestine, which prevents the poisoning process. Also, therapeutic enemas with orchids very well help with hemorrhoids.
We should also note that the tubers of the herbs have anti-inflammatory effects for chronic and acute diseases of the respiratory system. Furthermore, the plant improves blood and promotes its renewal.
Which diseases apply?
When to use orchids? The use of traditional medicine is indicated for treatment of the following diseases:
- diarrhea, cystitis, senility, tuberculosis;
- depression, diseases of the digestive tract, catarrh of the bladder;
- bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, which are accompanied by a cough, impotence, and impotence;
- exhaustion, hypovitaminosis, anemia;
- bronchial asthma, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis;
- inflammation of the appendages, prostate, loss of strength, including the recovery period after serious illnesses.
How to prepare a medical mucus from the powder of orchids? The answer to this question is known, not all supporters of traditional medicine. Therefore, drug prescription we decided to present in this article.
Half dessert spoons powder made from the root of the plant must be filled with a glass of boiling water, cooled to room temperature. Closing the container lid components allow to infuse for 60 minutes, stirring them regularly. For more dense suspension to the infusion sometimes add fresh honey. Such ingredient dramatically improves characteristics flavoring agents. Take it for therapeutic purposes twice a day (100 mL) before a meal. Healing rate from diseases of the digestive tract should last at least 30 days.
If you need to make a medicinal decoction roots orchids, then this must take 3 g of finished powder and fill it with 380 ml of hot water. The resulting mixture should protomai and pour boiling water for 9-10 minutes on low heat, stirring constantly components. Next, the broth is required to insist for an hour and potsedit.
Take such a drug is desirable for 100 ml three times a day before meals. Also, be sure to comply with reduction diet with rice or broth. Such elixir often used as an emergency with diarrhea and dysentery.
Orchids or orhis: species with photos, difficulty in growing and breeding
Orchids or Orhis (Latin Órchis.) - is born, part of the orchid family (Latin Orchidaceae.). The Latin name of the genus Orchis means "egg." On the Origin of Russian names have been several versions. The etymological dictionary of M. Vasmer justified by two of them: the first says that the root of the plant used for the production of a love potion -from yatrovi flowers; second - connects occurrence with obsolete name dialectal Caucasian-Stavropol word "yatro" ( "egg"). In the dictionary Dahl indicates that orchids - it yadrishnik (from the word "core").
The tubers resemble orchids on paired male testicles: due to egg-shaped, and placing them in pairs from the bottom of the stem - the last year and the young. During the European Middle Ages women were prepared from them a love potion, and carried with them as a love talisman. The plant is now used to increase male potency, but the effect of this drug is not scientifically justified.
In yartyshnika it has many other names: "cuckoo slozki" or simply "tears", "vymechko", "love is the root", "two root", "Cocuy", "core", "dog language", "proshiben marsh" "solomondina handle."
Species of the genus are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. It is usual for the plants of South and Central Europe. Their range extends far into Asia, and captures areas with temperate, cold and subtropical climates. Some species are part of the natural flora of North America. His place of honor among Russian orchids, many species recorded in the Crimea and the Caucasus Mountains. Orchis entered into the Red Book of Russia.
Orchis - Perennial, tuberous plants. Has a simple leafy stems, height 10-50 cm., Two tuberous thickening formed on the roots. Linearly broadly or just broadly leaves clasp the stem narrowing into the petiole. Small flowers are coloring from pink-violet to a bit dark-cherry. They are part of the elongated spike inflorescence, 6-9, at least 15 cm in length, consisting of a plurality of flowers.
The lower part of the flower petals forming the lip with a spur, top - hat. The bright spots on the lip act as a guide for insect pollinated. Waiting for pollination of flowers of orchids do not fade for 7-10 days, wilting process starts immediately, when pollen is on the stigma.
Genus somewhere 100 species.
Ya burnt (Lat. O. ustulata). It thrives on slightly acidic, neutral or less slightly alkaline soils. The height of 16-31 cm with practically spherical tubers. Stem olistvenon 2/3. The leaves at the base and taper are oblong-lanceolate. Inflorescence - mnozhestvennotsvetkovy compacted ear. Bracts tiny correspond to half of the ovary or less pointed, lilac. The flowers are streaked - sullen-purple hat and a white or pink with bright red spots lip. Leaves the outer circle of the perianth - ovate, inner - oblong. Spur shorter than ovary, white, curved arc. Flowering April - June, a 12-15 year life.
Ya helmet (Lat. O.militaris). Tubers ovoid. The inflorescence is magnificent, many-flowered, pyramidal at first, more cylindrical. Bracts pink-purple, pointed. External leaflets of perianth ovate-lanceolate. Two internal pointy-linear, pinkish. Lip at the beginning of the white with purple nakrapleniem and tiny pimples with the transition to violet-pink blades. Spur whitish, blunt, slightly bent. The plant develops better in areas with increased humidity and warmer climates. It prefers calcareous soils are rich in nitrogen, is considered bioindicator mineral soil substances.
Ya men (Lat. O. mascula). Plant with spherical tuber. Height of stem 22-48 cm. At the base of the leaves are concentrated violet-purple spots. Flowered, cylindrical inflorescence 7-19 cm long. The color of the flowers purple or pale purple. Lip three-blade broadly, at the base of white with purple or purple spots. Spur blunt horizontal. Blossoms in April-May. Reproduction of orchids of the male seed, vegetative less. Initially, under the earth, to the 2nd year of life is formed by a tuber, a 4-5 year shows first aboveground leaf. Flowers appear after a few years. Most members of the genus monokarpichny.
Ya Tridentata (Lat. O. tridentata). Plant height of 15-35 cm with ovoid or ellipsoidal tubers. The leaves are bluish-green, oblong and lanceolate. Inflorescence in ball form, entirely strewn large rosy flowers. Bracts almost identical to the ovary, purple and lilac. Perianth leaves, except for the lips, elongated and placed in the helmet to the top of the club-shaped. Lip pink, purple in nakrapleniyah, lobes short and rounded at the sides, average length of the side, terminates in a sharp tooth. Smaller spur ovary, thin cylindrical shape, a little bent. Blossoms in April-May.
Ya ryhlotsvetkovy (Lat. O. laxiflora). View from the ellipsoidal tubers, height 55-82 cm. Leaves narrowly linear-lanceolate, long-pointed. Inflorescence lax. The flowers are purple or violet. Leaf from the middle of the outer circle and two internal - stowed in the helmet. Leves on the sides of the outer circle are bent. Lip white, obovate, tapering towards the bottom, middle lobe is poorly developed, the side in the form of rhombuses. Spur winding cylindrical.
Ya monkey (Lat. O. simia). Well developed in the illuminated areas, or with little shade. Height 21-49 cm, with rounded oblong tubers. The bottom of the stem 4-6 oblong-lanceolate, rounded leaves, tapering to the base. Inflorescence - Seal A brief brush of small flowers, with honey aroma. Bracts lanceolate-ovate, white. The leaves of the perianth, with the exception of the lips, laid in a helmet. External pointed, gray-pink, domestic - linear, slightly shorter than the outer. Lip pink to dark spots on the sides of its blade linear, concave, average - two elongated lobes. lips blades resemble tiny monkey limbs.
J. Morio (Lat. O. morio). It prefers fine sand, aerated soil, rich in humus, slightly acidic (pH level 4,4-7,4). Height of 12-25 cm, with miniature tubers to form a ball and a thick erect stem. Leafy rosette is on the bottom of the stem, young leaves wrapped stem. Inflorescence - sparse spike with 6-9 flowers. Flowers are reserved, purple-violet. Perianth leaflets sent to the mountain, laid the helmet, the inner shorter than the outer. Lip with a slight nakrapleniem, the middle white, three-blade, spur her identical in size and slightly bent. Two years living underground plants, bloom after 4-5 years.
Orchids perfectly tolerate adverse conditions due to the accumulation of nutrients in the tubers. They - patient's samples (leave the territory where they settled more competitive species). This should be considered when planting orchids and care for him. The fruits of the plant forms a weak (only 1/3 of the flowers will bear fruit). Even fewer seeds will germinate. Plants sensitive to the composition of the soil. Changing the acid balance of the composition, reflected on the plant generators mycorrhiza fungi which are vital to the survival of orchids.
landing. Preferred penumbra. Most plants like moist soil, no waterlogging. There are species growing on dry soils (Farm). In hot and arid moments plant goes to "sleep", upper dies, and dies in root development before the favorable moment. By the autumn of orchids are beginning to develop, slowly slipping through the life cycle until the next July.
The soil. Suitable sour loosened substrate. Composition: sheet earth, sand, with the addition of peat (2: 2: 1). On top of the substrate necessarily mulch needles annually. Add fresh manure into the ground is strictly prohibited.
Wintering. Most plants tolerate cold winters without difficulty. Some require an easy cover.
Diseases and pests. Resistant to disease. Tubers "successfully" eaten by mice, caterpillars and other small animals.
Mainly orchids are grown from seed. Possible self-seeding. The method is complicated by the fact that the seeds germinate only in symbiosis with a fungus of the desired species. Therefore, only a few sprout.
Vegetatively bred branch sprouting tuber in the middle of the season. Is separated repeatedly. After separation of the young regrowth process begins later). The first time separated during budding, the next times at intervals of 15 to 20 days.
Remember! When digging up tubers, shoots and roots is prohibited to injure.
Seedling in the first two years of life lived in the land (some species more, some less), for 3-5 years, there are leaves, blooms even later. In good conditions, blooms 3-5 year
Shortness of breeding these Orchids, makes the plant even more desirable in the design area. Orchids look peculiar in the design of semi-wild places of the garden. Species, less demanding to the soil, effectively decorate rock gardens or rockeries. For mixed beds orchis not adapted. But it would look good if placed in mono-flower garden or to create favorable conditions for development along the track.
Tubers orchids have long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases and respiratory tract.
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