- 1 Small Japanese trees: the art of growing bonsai
- 2 Bonsai - a tree on a tray: particular care and cultivation in the home
- 3 What is bonsai? How to grow a miniature tree at home?
Small Japanese trees: the art of growing bonsai
House plants - it's not just flowers and palm trees too small Japanese won the love of many gardeners and settled at home. Growing Bonsai - a complex but fascinating science which has a lot of subtleties and nuances. Sometimes there is a feeling that it is so difficult, and to achieve the desired result is almost impossible. But the cultivation of small Japanese tree - is, above all, the process by which you want to have fun.
To grow bonsai at home, you need to understand their varieties, as well as to understand what conditions must be created for a small tree house. In any case, it will be an interesting experience that will bring pleasure in the process of growing a tree, and the result will delight in the form of a strong and beautiful plants. Bonsai - this introduction to the wildlife in the home.
Despite the fact that bonsai is considered the birthplace of Japan, in fact, growing miniature trees art originated in China several centuries before our era. This is evidenced by the drawings found at the end of the last century, where technology bonsai cultivation is described in detail. These images historians date back to the reign of the Chinese Tang dynasty.
Literally "is the bonsai of" in Japanese language means "tree that grows on a platter." Initially engaged in the art of their cultivation, Buddhist monks, who have always appreciated calm, measured, absorption in themselves and the natural world. However, not only in Asia has been popular bonsai, historians and archaeologists have found evidence that ancient Egyptians also knew how to grow small plants in small containers.
In the late 20 - early 21 th century bonsai spreading to Europe and wins the hearts of many amateur gardeners. Miniature trees conquered its accuracy and beauty, allowing you to plunge into the process of courtship and beautiful contemplation. To grow bonsai at home is not easy, but the result is worth the effort.
Japanese species of small trees
The centuries-old history of bonsai has led to the fact that small trees are of various kinds in their shape, size and name. To date, displayed more than ten different types of bonsai, each of which is unique and beautiful in its own way. It is difficult to say which one is easier to grow, and what - is more complicated. Choosing a Japanese tree, it is better to focus on inner feelings and attraction to a particular type. Something that is the soul, will grow, enjoying the process and enjoying the beauty of contemplation miniature.
The most popular types of bonsai:
One of the most common and popular types of Japanese small trees. This style is characterized by straight trunk of the tree, with broad leaves at the base of the crown, which is the apex becomes narrower and smaller. A symbol of the tree is an inner strength, a die-hard rod.
A small tree with exactly growing, but tilted toward the trunk is called shakai. This style can be grown virtually any tree, but in the process of caring for them will have to show dexterity and skill. Symbol of growing in the side of the tree is the flexibility and the ability to resist the winds.
A tree in this fashion increases upwards, its crown tends upwards towards the sun, but the crown has a free form, it may be slightly curved or inclined. To some degree - this style combines the two previous ones. The symbol of this plant is considered to be simple and flexible on par with the desire to reach up and resist the obstacles.
Trees of this style really grow cascades down crown. Soft branches of the stele, caving gently, and do not break under the weight of snow or wind exposure. Such a tree is unusual and original looks in the home the pot. And it symbolizes the ability to adjust to the surrounding circumstances.
Of the container in which the tree grows, the juice comes out not one trunk, but several. As a rule, one branch is always more and more massive than the other. Stems may be two or more, they look beautiful and harmonious. In another way, this style is called "father and son", because fewer trees as it stretches more, wants to be like him. Therefore, this style of bonsai symbolizes the link between generations and the transfer of experience.
Such a tree is inherent in a long bare trunk and a small crown at the top. The plant has practically no branches, but the vegetation at the top of the barrel looks harmonious and beautiful. Such trees have learned to grow among the first, and their shape symbolizes the ability to rise above the challenges and bustle.
This kind of bonsai is a composition of several trees, which looks like a small woods together. Most often planted in a single container trees one species but ose-UE and allows a combination of several types of plants. An important rule - trees should be an odd number.
Isidzuki - trees among the rocks
In this style, the trees grow on the rocks and in crevices of them. For this plant is quite difficult to take care of at home, so it can grow only a true master, fascinated by his work. But isidzuki symbolizes resilience and ability to survive in any conditions.
Of course, this is not all the styles of Japanese small trees, varieties of them much more. But you should start with simple options to learn how to care for bonsai and find out what their conditions are most suitable. Then the process will bring pleasure, and the result will please a beautiful healthy plant.
Especially caring for miniature trees
In spite of the unusual nature of indoor plants, bonsai, care for them involves almost the same conditions as that of many other colors. First of all, you need to prepare a suitable ground in which the Japanese tree will feel comfortable. Thereafter, it is important to set it in place with sufficient illumination to maintain the desired temperature of the air and ensure regular watering.
Bonsai - small trees, but they also require periodic change. It is therefore important to know the rules and characteristics of transplants miniature trees.
A distinctive feature is the need to bonsai pruning. Here, too, you need to follow certain requirements in order to form a beautiful and the correct form of a mini-tree. Given these nuances, will cultivate a unique plant.
Optimum soil and transplanting bonsai
The main purpose of the transplant - not to increase the capacity in which the growing miniature trees and prune the roots and renew the soil. Therefore, as a rule, the pot remains the same. Pruning the roots can slow the growth of the tree, it is tiny and neat.
As for the soil, it requires a certain structure to bonsai felt comfortable, he was enough of trace elements and minerals. The land before planting consists of 3/5 humus soil, 1/5 peat and 1/5 sand, although in many large flower shops you can buy ready-mix for bonsai. Its main characteristics - lightness and low acidity.
Transplant done in the spring, when the active growth of roots and crowns. By changing the soil in the container, which is growing miniature trees, you need to carefully trim the roots, leaving a rounded shape. Most long roots should be central, and the side - a little shorter. The tree sits in a new soil to a depth of no more than 5-6 cm.
Lighting and a suitable location
Miniature trees are like light, but fade in direct sunlight, so the plant will have to pick a place on the windowsill east or west window. Especially dangerous sun exposure just transplanted tree, such conditions can complicate the process of adaptation.
If the place where there is a pot of bonsai, obscured, it is necessary to provide artificial lighting. Dim leaves that are constantly showered - it is the problem of poor light. During the summer, a container of the tree can be placed in the open air - a balcony or terrace.
Miniature trees love water and moisture, but it is better not to pour from above, and by setting the pot in a tray. It is applied stones, filled with water to a level of 2-3 cm and put pot plant. It was a small depth of the pot leads to the fact that the soil dries quickly, so you need abundant and regular watering. In winter, watering bonsai need to once a week in the summer - once in 4-5 days.
At high ambient temperatures it is recommended to spray leaves bonsai plant through their surface also saturate with moisture.
Temperature and humidity
Along with high requirements for soil moisture, bonsai can live and grow beautiful tree only at low temperatures. The optimal temperature of 12-18 degrees, even in summer. In the spring, when the outside air temperature becomes higher than the level of 12-14 degrees, can be taken to the balcony bonsai. In this case, the tree should be protected from drafts.
As for humidity, the miniature trees for best batting average of 40-50%. Bonsai should not be placed near radiators, and if the winter in the dry air of the room, the moisture in the pan will help the plant to not feel a lack of moisture.
To form a beautiful tree desired shape, it is a constant Icons crown required. This should be done by special shears or a small well-sharpened scissors. As a rule, pruning is carried out in the spring before transplanting. In the process it is necessary to remove old and dead branches, trim the shoots to form the desired shape of the crown.
Thus, the conditions of caring for bonsai at home have their own characteristics, but it is not particularly difficult. Learn to understand how they feel small tree by the way it looks, every grower will be able to satisfy those requirements, which are at the plant. The very process of pruning, transplanting, watering, and the contemplation of bonsai will plunge into the world of nature and silence. For this, and I appreciate the small but unique and beautiful Japanese trees.
Re: Small Japanese trees: the art of growing bonsai
I like so much is the art! I tried to grow a tree of Chinese rose - is a typically large shrub with large bright flowers. It is a well-clipped me and grew me in the right direction. But still get a great plant for bonsai.
Cool to receive all of the plants and flowers on their mail.
Bonsai - a tree on a tray: particular care and cultivation in the home
According to legend, the Chinese emperor decided to watch his country firsthand, what the masters of China had to create a tiny copy of the houses, people and, of course, trees. Bonsai tree in miniature, almost fifteen hundred years ago, first conquered Japan, but today it's an amazing skill to conquer the world.
Like many centuries ago, the goal grower, bonsai enthusiastic - Play creations of nature. Small copies of oaks, maples, pines, Sakura or figs have realistic proportions, they live, according to the routine nature of the routine. If the pot is grown deciduous tree, it blooms, leafs and goes into winter dormancy.
As skilful semblance of real wood is formed by hand, the cultivation and care of bonsai - it is labor-intensive, time-consuming, requires knowledge, patience and understanding of the needs of his green pet.
Yet more and more newcomers enthusiastically takes up the difficult but very exciting work. How to grow bonsai at home and take care of a small copy of this tree?
Among the uninitiated in the intricacies of ancient farming techniques are of the opinion that the Japanese bonsai trees - a plant derived their special seeds. This is not true. Experienced growers are well aware that the tiny fir, pine, apple and wisteria emerged from conventional seeds, and make them to moderate their growth and change shape could only human hands.
How to grow bonsai house: common ways
If the florist is just beginning to take an interest in bonsai, the easiest way to buy is already formed, for example, ficus or citrus plant. It will help to master all the techniques of avoiding the usual watering to trimming and adjusting the shape of the trunk and branches. Experience would go to more complex tasks.
Grow Bonsai home in several ways:
- by seeding liked the culture and the subsequent "education" seedling;
- using the rooted cuttings;
- the formation of seedlings from the nursery or wildlife;
- transferring into the pot, and the correction is already an adult cultural or wild specimen.
The fastest of these methods is the formation of crown and root system one- or two-year seedlings. Such a plant is already developed roots, with its surface portion provides space for imagination and can be modified according to the plans of grower.
Enthusiasts who are interested in how to grow a bonsai from seed, you should know that this path is the longest, but also rewarding. Here, control of the plant man has literally after pipping the seed, and to change the form of shoots and roots is easier because of their flexibility.
Not necessarily choose exotic woods or bushes. The main thing is that the plant had small leaves and a small annual increase, or "tame" the future bonsai tree will be much harder.
Choosing the appropriate bonsai tree
What kinds of plants suitable for bonsai tree in the Japanese style? To quickly get an attractive tree, it is possible to pay attention to:
- at room citrus varieties, such as Calamondin or plain lemon;
- Miniature pomegranate;
- an incredibly common and unpretentious Ficus benjamina;
- on ornamental varieties of apple;
- on willow;
- on stunted pines;
- on various types of maple.
Selecting suitable for bonsai trees is incredibly large, and many of them - the indigenous inhabitants of Russia, and are found in gardens, parks, urban parks and forests. Splendid composition obtained from irgi and barberry, hawthorn, acacia, birch, linden and elderberry, spindle tree and oak.
Before you grow bonsai, based on the type of plant, determine its future height and style.
Seeds of trees and bushes, bonsai suitable to be divided into two types. Part of the crop is immediately ready to germinate, but in the "program" of many kinds of evolution laid down during hibernation, when the germ waits cold season. At home, help simulate winter stratification.
Seeds of Japanese bonsai trees for 3-5 months during the wet laying sand or sphagnum moss, whereafter the container is placed in a refrigerator. When a small positive temperature in humid environment seed preparing for growth. When it will take to heat, sprout quickly awakened. For evergreen species and plant seeds having a particularly strong shell-up using heat or temperature contrast.
Sowing seeds is carried out from spring to early autumn. The seedlings obtained in the second half of the summer, is already in need of illumination, which is indispensable in the fall and winter.
Germination and seedlings early months of life using a light sand-peat substrate or soaked and scored moisture peat tablets. While on the surface does not seem to sprout, the capacity should be in the dark under the film. The air temperature is selected depending on the grown bonsai tree.
To avoid condensation and rot teplichku aired. When the shoots inside provide a small fresh air and seedlings transferred to the light. As required seedlings watered and fertilize the complex compositions. When the plant reached a height of 10-12 cm, it is transplanted.
At this stage, the main root pruned by a third, to slow down the vertical growth of trees. Immediately begin to shape the future of the barrel, which use copper wire.
Choosing pots and soil for bonsai
Bonsai tree is often called grown on a tray. To limit the growth of the pet, it is planted in the notoriously small and shallow container, parallel to the shaping and cutting out a portion of the root system.
When selecting a pot for bonsai is necessary to consider that over the years and the tree becomes severe, particularly when improper inclined or cascade form may lose stability. Therefore, for bonsai, with dimensions from a few centimeters up to 9 meters, traditionally made massive, often ceramic pots, bowls or containers of different shapes and styles.
At the bottom of the container should be a drainage hole and not one. They are used not only to drain the water, but also for fixing plant.
Protect plant and protect it from fungal infection of the root system will help the processing of the pot for bonsai hot solution of potassium permanganate or scalding with boiling water.
Soil for bonsai is not only designed to provide power to the plant and retain moisture, it should help the roots to gain a foothold in a relatively small amount of pot. Therefore, for the miniature copies of these oaks, limes, lemons, maple and other trees use a special substrate.
In Japan for many centuries such a mixture on the basis of certain clays referred akadama. For more nutritional and looseness in the granular substance is added fertile soil and sand:
- For deciduous species bonsai trees recommend inclusion substrate 7 share turf land and 3 parts of a large-washed sand.
- Flowering culture grown on a mixture of 7 parts of humus, sand, and three parts of the fat-based 1 part humus.
- Conifers, the most popular among bonsai lovers in need of special loose soil, for which take 3 parts of the turf soil and 2 parts washed sand.
Before filling the pot soil for bonsai sorted out, removing impurities that can damage roots, sieved and sterilized. At the bottom of vessel arrange drainage layer to drain excess moisture.
Bonsai tree care at home
Small miniature tree to buy, get the young seedling root or stalk liked the breed. It is important to know how to care for bonsai trees.
Constantly limiting growth, forming a crown and growing bonsai in a small pot, a person completely changes the life of the tree or shrub. Therefore, care for such a culture is very different from taking care of other houseplants.
The main objective of the grower - to adjust watering bonsai deal with that when a small volume of soil and a shallow pot filled with roots, is not easy.
Previously available only growers were specially shaped watering can or the ability to immerse the bonsai pot in a bowl of water to wet the soil below. Today, the plant is widely used irrigation or drip irrigation that allows dosing and without the risk of blur moisten the soil under the bonsai.
For watering taking only a soft, melted or defend the water. During the growing season the plants need more moisture, with the onset of autumn and approaching dormancy period reduce watering and spend less, focusing on the condition of the substrate.
Feeding is carried out at intervals of 2-3 weeks, using its mixture of different cultures and times of the year. There are mineral supplements based on algae for Japanese bonsai trees.
You can not leave the plant without power, but it is equally important not to overfeed bonsai. Therefore, in the care of bonsai trees in the home dressing is made very carefully:
- spring, at the maximum growth rate including a fertilizer two times more nitrogen than potassium and phosphorus;
- proportions summer left unchanged, but the concentration is reduced by half;
- closer to fall, particularly for deciduous cultures twice increase of potassium and phosphorous and nitrogen on the contrary, reduced.
- flowering and fruit-bearing trees and shrubs like more potassium walking on the formation of flower buds and ovaries.
When winter comes to exotic evergreens nothing changes, but coniferous and deciduous trees have to prepare for winter. How to care for bonsai trees in the winter? If the climate allows, they are left on the streets or are entered on the not heated terrace. The root system of a small pot for bonsai may suffer first, so it additionally harbor and the ground a little dry. With the onset of spring plant wakes up again and needs watering, fertilizing and mandatory for shaping bonsai crown and roots.
What is bonsai? How to grow a miniature tree at home?
For someone houseplant - a blooming violet or ficus with dark shiny leaves. And who wants to grow a real forest in a small handful of earth.
Many fans of indoor plants have heard the mysterious word "bonsay9raquo ;. But what is the bonsai and how to build a miniature miracle, just do not understand. Yet to understand this is quite realistic.
The fashion for miniature trees spread around the world from Japan. But the Japanese are not the founder of a new art form. Bonsai idea came to him from China. But it was the Japanese brought it to perfection.
The first mention of the cultivation of miniature trees fell into the hands of historians in 1972. In the mausoleum of Prince Zhang Hui images were found that describe in detail the technology of growing small trees. Judging by how carefully the drawings have been preserved for posterity, a technique attributed to the high-value knowledge. Drawings dated back to the reign of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, which corresponds to 600 BC. e.
The Chinese called the unusual hobby "pensay9raquo ;. The Japanese read Chinese character in his own way, and get the word "bonsay9raquo ;, meaning" grown in the tray. "
Incidentally, the archaeologists say that the ancient Egyptians knew that a bonsai. They are grown small plants in special containers, but called them differently. Unfortunately, the Egyptian version of the name has not been preserved.
The Japanese brought the art of growing miniature plants to perfection. Each tree requires many years of work by the master, attention and patience. The only way to get a green masterpiece that will live longer than its creator. Beautiful plant will get rewarding students who are well aware of what and how much effort bonsai master has put in this beauty.
The art of bonsai - it is a certain philosophy that allows you to embrace life and enjoy the beauty of its flow. Every tree in the hands of the master goes through three stages, like all living things on the planet. First, it is home to a youth, resplendent with freshness and pressure, then enters the maturity, reaching the perfection and beauty of forms, and the last stage - old age, embodying all the wisdom of the world. And, besides, a bonsai - a symbol of the continuity of generations, because the youngest in the family need to learn from the experience and be able to keep what created the older ones.
What trees can be grown
Most often, for growing in containers using evergreen species. This may be a Japanese cypress, Chinese juniper, Cryptomeria, pyatilistnaya, black or red pine Japanese. Bonsai trees of these species looks very impressive, but some prefer to grow deciduous trees, there is a special charm in the changing seasons. In this case, fit the Japanese plum, apple trees of different varieties, cherries, some species of maples, rhododendrons, wild azaleas, different varieties of pears, persimmons, wild grapes, willow and others.
Bonsai pine looks very beautiful and unusual, as seen in the photo below, so it is often possible to meet these miniature pine trees.
Even the most experienced master will never get two identical plants. But all songs made clearly divided into styles. This tradition was introduced to the art of bonsai is Japanese. They are given the designation number of grounds on which trees are divided into styles. There are more than 30, but we will consider the most common.
If you see a bonsai plant with a straight trunk, expanding to the ground, then it is a formal upright style - Tokkan. Another important characteristic of him - to the top of the plant must zauzhatsya. In this style, you can grow any kind of wood. Symbolism Tokkana - proud loneliness and indomitable character.
If the plant is elongated vertically, but its branches do not have a clear structure, and are arranged at random, then this style Moogi. The trunk of the tree can be bent, but the tip necessarily drawn on a line with the base, forming a perpendicular ground. Moogi symbolizes simplicity and freedom, and yet - the desire to go beyond the opposing circumstances.
This bonsai styles, like a photo that made in strong gusty winds. For shakai (italic style) is characterized by the slope at an angle to the ground, but the tree is pulled up. Fukinagasi (bent by the wind) may have a flat and inclined shaft, but its branch in one direction (in the direction of the slope), like a tree grown in a strong wind. The symbolism of these styles - resistance to the forces of nature and the struggle for life.
Sokan means "forked trunk". This style has prompted fans bonsai nature itself, because very often from the same root and Barrel rises, one of which is stronger and higher. The tree can be flat or slanted, it is not very important, the main thing - it must form a common crown. Create a similar bonsai at home as possible, giving the appearance of the second barrel lowest branch. The symbolism of this style - the continuity of generations and honoring traditions. Sokan sometimes called "bliznetsami9raquo; or "father and son".
It's a bit similar types of bonsai in the cascade and polukaskadnom style. Kengay - like a tree that grew on the steep cliff. To survive, he had to adapt to difficult circumstances. style symbol - plasticity in all conditions.
Khan kengay has a more horizontal direction of the stem growth. Trees, like grow on the shore, trying to reach the crown of the water. Hyun-kengay - bonsai, photo which clearly shows that the branches do not fall below the middle of the pot, and the tip of the plants are always located above ground level.
For these styles always choose plastic plants with bending trunks. Preference is given to a pine tree, cotoneaster, juniper.
This style is considered one of the most difficult to implement. And he is also one of the most ancient. Otherwise, this style is called "literaturnym9raquo ;. Such a name due to the fact that plants have the schematic form of "letters of the Japanese." Masters like writing calligraphic signs, growing trees with long curved trunks without lower branches. Crohn's in this type of bonsai is allowed only at the very top. Style represents lightness and elevation. For the growth of selected conifer or broad-leaved species.
Can you imagine a bonsai pots in which grew a small forest? This plant in the style of Ose-ue. The composition is composed of a large number of tree trunks with a different height, with different thickness and age of the plant. Usually they pick up an odd number of trees, which they often are the same species. Planted them without observing symmetry and avoiding the same distance. Thus, the master gets its own park or a small copse, the most similar to the area wildlife.
Enlightened Japanese have learned to see the beauty in every moment of life. They have proved that old age can also be beautiful. Making this assertion - Sharimiki style that is "dead wood". Artificial tree grows old bark from the trunk is partially removed, and it vybelivaetsya timber, creating a contrast between dead and alive. Sites with dead wood subtly bend, but they must be clearly visible. For this type most often used juniper.
If you are going to grow described miracle newcomers are wondering how to plant bonsai. You can do this in several ways:
- Miso method. This is ideal for beginners experimenters. It is enclosed in sowing the seeds collected in the wild. In this case, you can choose from a variety of germs is one that is needed, and begin to slow growth from the outset.
- Method Toriki. This growing miniature plants from cuttings or layering. To use this method, in the right place on the branch cut or pruned the bark and the wood is treated with stimulants horses opened growth. Wood moss muffle portion and the film and are 3 (sometimes more) months. the cutoff point does not give dry up all the time.
- Method Yamadori. Estimated value of the name - "found and dug up." Spring in the forest or the garden is a suitable plant, dig around it and leave it for a few months for the formation of surface horses. After this strong roots a little bit shorter, the plant is extracted from the soil, and begins the formation of bonsai in a pot.
- Method Ueki. With such a method is bought ready young plant in the nursery, then it is cut off and planted in a pot flat. Or buy young bonsai, and further it is grown, based on their own preferences in style.
The main task in growing bonsai - force the tree to remain small. To do this, you need to slow down the growth and give the desired shape. For growth inhibition often cut roots and young shoots are removed, choose lean soil, use a minimal amount of fertilizer and selected special pots of bonsai, where the root system can grow strongly. Also, be sure to use a system of weakening revenues juices, causing horizontal cuts on the wood or criss-crossing the wire barrel.
When the plant is sufficiently rooted, begin to trim its branches and arch. To do this, use a copper wire, which entangle the branches and fixed pegs in a flowerpot. Bends is better to start in the summer, when the branches are flexible. In order not to damage the crown, place bending wrapped with soft rope or bast.
Timely pruning helps to awaken to the growing need kidneys. If you create the ideal form should be sent to the branch to the right, then choose a kidney, sticking in the right direction, and cut off a branch above her, leaving above and hemp.
By the way, if cultivated bonsai pine, it is necessary to perform cutting with extreme caution. Damaged branches can turn yellow. This also applies to other conifers.
The plant requires care throughout his life. To grow a decent bonsai, care at home provided all year round. These include transplanting, fertilizing, watering.
Repotting is best done in the spring. Care should be taken that the roots do not grow and do not form a ball. Once this happens, the tree is removed from the bowls, the roots are cut and return the plant to the place, but in fresh soil.
To make planting a mixture of humus 3/5 soil, 1/5 peat and 1/5 sand. The soil in the container thoroughly tamped so that no voids. The height of the soil in the container -. about 5-6 cm above it, usually decorated with stones and moss.
Feeding is carried out in the spring and summer. The interval is maintained for about two weeks. The preferred ready to use liquid organic fertilizer with bird droppings, which is introduced through 2 hours after watering.
What else do you need to grow healthy and beautiful Bonsai? Care in the home requires an abundant and regular watering. Many people set up a container with a small tree in a flat container with water. Its bottom is filled with small stones and put the grate. The water level in the tray is maintained at one level. This makes it possible to increase the humidity and reduce watering.
Water is essential miniature trees in large quantities. But we must take into account the type of plant, because residents of different climatic zones are different watering conditions. For example, small-leaved Carmona - a bonsai tree care which require daily copious irrigation. But for Jade so watering is harmful, its root system can not cope with the abundance of moisture and rots.
It is important to understand that the miniature tree should be watered more often, even if the form does not like wet soil, where there are the following factors:
- the leaves on the branches of larger and more numerous;
- plant planted in small or flat container, since then large moisture evaporation from the surface area of the substrate;
- the room is too dry and warm air.
In addition, the plant will not prevent regular spraying. However, be aware that evergreen species can be sprayed with distilled water only. If you use ordinary tap on the leaves whitish bloom Nondeducibility appears.
Now that you understand what a bonsai, you can try to create your masterpiece. But think about and assess their strength. If you are not patient enough, then maybe you should not take on this laborious work.