- 1 Japanese patchwork
- 2 Japanese patchwork for beginners: the history, features and detailed master - class
- 3 Japanese patchwork own hands: schema master class
Patchwork - a popular technique of sewing and decor from scraps of fabric, by means of which are decorated with the most stylish interiors today. It is interesting that initially this type of sewing has arisen from the need to save fabric - scraps sewn on each other overlap, covering scrapes and holes on clothes and household items. Popular crafts such was the case in Europe, in Russia and in the East, but it has traditionally been considered the birthplace of England. It is known to the world and the so-called Japanese patchwork - a technique which has its own nuances.
The distinctive features of patchwork in the Japanese style are the following features:
- if the English technique used primarily kottonovaya fabric, for needlework in Japanese patchwork prefer silk;
- patchwork combined with stitches;
- for art is characterized by geometric shapes and patterns, which carry a symbolism of rice fields, as well as a wide variety of colors;
- elements used to connect a special stitch - forward needle.
We offer you a guide to the production of pads in the style of Japanese patchwork hands.
Pillows in Japanese patchwork technique: Master Class
- fabric for the base - can be monotonous;
- colored fabric can be with floral or geometric prints. Number of flaps depends on how many pillows do you intend to do;
- sintepon holofayber or for stuffing;
- safety pins;
- Make a cardboard template with a diameter of 21.5 and 19 cm each.
- Using a larger template, cut a circle out of a monochromatic fabric. Paving simple basting stitch around the perimeter, departing from the edge of about 5 mm, the thread is not fixed. In-law can be a thread of contrasting color to make it more convenient.
- In the center of the circle put a tissue smaller template size.
- Are folded around the edge of the template and smooth them using an iron. Tightens the thread to the fabric held.
- Remove the template, we obtain just such a piece.
- Put inside the pack, but a little, so that she did not go for the redivision of a prepared square colored fabric with sides of 12.5 cm.
- Placed on top flap colored fabric.
- We folded the edge to the middle and fix safety pins.
Pillows in a patchwork technique can be done in other ways.
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Japanese patchwork for beginners: the history, features and detailed master - class
A very popular and widespread in recent years, becoming a kind of needlework crafts as patchwork. Let's see what the Japanese patchwork for beginners? So, patchwork - it's such an unusual kind of needlework, in which small colored patches of varying shape, size and texture of whole sew stylish things. As a result of hard work can be created from scraps of ordinary fabric extraordinarily complex and interesting applications and images on the finished product.
Originally patchwork came to Japan because of the need to save a very expensive fabric. After all, in hard times for the Japanese people, the fabric was pure luxury and the prerogative of the rich. Therefore, the masters used fabric remnants and sewed one quilt. At present, only a patchwork satisfies the desire and the desire needlewomen create beautiful and unique things with their hands. With little effort and perseverance masters can create inexpensively cozy bright things for the home interior: decorative pillows and panels, and even textiles for the kitchen.
Reliably known sources of origin of patchwork as a form of needlework. Popular and widespread as it was in Europe and Russia. The most famous, of course, you can call it the English patchwork. However, the most attractive and sophisticated in its execution is a Japanese sewing patchwork fabric.
For those who are carried away by the Japanese patchwork for beginners, you should know that this kind of needlework has undergone some transformation. Initially, the Japanese used pieces of fabrics for clothes decorating elements, thus saving tissue to repair old clothes.
Then the Japanese masters invented to cover fabric scraps mite shabby chairs and seats. A distinctive feature of Japanese patchwork art was the use in the textile art. It happened this way: in special wooden boards with a variety of colored patches draw pictures, and when the picture was ready, scraps sewn together. Of course, it should be noted that while this technique is no longer pursuing economic, but rather the creative goals.
Features Japanese patchwork
A person who does not know the subtleties of patchwork, it would seem that Japan has no technique is no different from others. However, this is completely wrong.
What are the features of Japanese patchwork exist:
- Simultaneous use of elements and quilting stitches
- Japanese sewing is characterized by its own technique of embroidery - Sachiko. Performed it means "forward needle"
- the dominant motif of Japanese applications are rice fields and beautiful flowers. Japanese prefer to use sewing geometric patterns of fabric scraps.
- The vast majority of Japanese patchwork using silk fabrics
- Products made in this technique, decorate fringe and tassels.
Japanese sewing technique involves the use of printed and cotton fabrics with a special scheme - pattern - most often it is a cell. It plays an important role of natural colors - brown, red, green. Before operation, be sure to wash the cloth, to iron and cut edge.
Using the technique of Japanese patchwork, you will be able to sew unusual bags, home textiles and more.
Detailed master - class on making cosmetic technique of Japanese patchwork
To match the unique makeup in the technique of patchwork, you will need:
- Chintz. Before starting work, it is necessary to wash and to iron.
- thread floss
- adhesive interlining
- thin sintepon
- Threads for sewing
- Buttons for decoration
Print or redraw the pattern as in the photo.
Getting to work on the cosmetic bag:
- Move the pattern to the selected fabric and cut parts. Do not forget to make allowances for the seams, about 6 centimeters.
- Sew together and smooths details iron seams.
- Cut out back detail for beauticians and sew the rest.
- Of fleece and cut out a rectangle syntepon larger in size than the workpiece. Fold together with the basic fabric and the piercing pin for better fixation.
- Sews all stitches and details.
- We sew a zipper.
- Getting cosmetic decoration. Sew applique and buttons.
- Beautician ready.
Patchwork - it's very interesting to do in your spare time. For beginners needlewomen video will be a great help to understand the intricacies of this kind of handmade craftsmanship. Create beautiful things for the home, and not just with their hands!
Japanese patchwork own hands: schema master class
It began as a banal savings fabrics, patchwork has become an art form in the world of needlework. In almost every ancient state had its own characteristics of this technique. World recognition was English patchwork, which is famous for the simplicity of the forms and the availability of tissues. But no less interesting is the Japanese patchwork. Like everything else, the Japanese were able to bring this technique to perfection and turn it into an art form.
Features Japanese patchwork
In contrast to the European masters in Japan has its own special tricks and techniques. The first feature - the presence of line "forward needle". It is decorated with the finished fabric, creating and emphasizing the unusual patterns and designs. Thus, simply stitched together patches are similar to the work of art.
Second, the emphasis on a floral pattern and ornament. It can be as prints on fabric and embroidered patterns.
Third, for the English art is characterized by low use applications. Patchwork Japanese often uses this technique to create a more beautiful picture.
Masters from Japan never use for sewing machines. For them, this technique - a way to have fun and create a truly valuable thing. And this is possible only if the manual work.
And, of course, the fabric. Japanese patchwork uses mostly silk, while the worldwide preferred cotton.
The Japanese know how to turn everyday things into a whole philosophy. Sewing fabric remnants was no exception. A combination of different patches, their colors and shapes allows you to create truly beautiful pictures. They are complemented applique and embroidery. It is not just patchwork. Japanese technique was improved to a level that has long ceased to be simply a craft.
There are cases when Europeans and Americans took such work for painting on silk, so they looked incredible.
In addition, this technique is similar in essence to the religious beliefs that give soul animate and inanimate objects. Quilting is a revival of the soul of the dying tissue products, their transformation into new and improved form.
Main circuit layouts
As we know from history, ancient Japanese patchwork - applique. layout of the blocks in the present is dictated by this feature. In most cases, tissue is taken for sewing workpiece, which in a certain order imposed scraps. Their location is dominated by sharp geometric lines, circles and squares, a variety of arc.
Equally popular, and maybe more than geometric, floral motifs. Of multicolored rags laid out flower petals and tree crowns. This feature is not characteristic of English art, since it is more difficult to implement.
In fact, novice master hardly distinguish Japanese patchwork of Europe. The main distinguishing feature of the last - simplicity and clarity. The Japanese tend to make each product as possible complex and bizarre. It is worth considering the example of a simple motive.
For one-night stand is difficult to fully master the Japanese patchwork. Master-class of this technique, though simple, but the general concept is akin to philosophy. To get started is to learn the basics.
For work required cardboard blanks 3: 2 circles of different diameter and square exactly fits into a smaller circle.
Cut to a large mug flap. On the edge of a contrasting thread doing dotted seam. The ends of the thread is not fixed.
Take a smaller circle, put into a fabric preform and smoothing its edges inside. Contract the thread that the workpiece is better to keep the shape. Cardboard wheels were removed, and in its place put a face square flap.
Next on the square shaped bends the edge of the circle, and fix them with pins. The blank is ready for further cross-linking stitch needle forward. This is a simple example that demonstrates the uninitiated Japanese patchwork. Master-class of this technology is understandable, but she will require some skill artist.
Anyone who wants to learn Japanese patchwork, which schemes are widespread, will face a term such as line "forward needle". This is one of the basic stitches in sewing and embroidery.
He performed by passing the needle through the fabric at regular intervals. That this is the complexity of the equipment necessary to learn how to make a thread perfectly smooth dotted line. Stitches and the spaces between them should have equal distance. Otherwise the product will look ugly.
Who will be able to perfectly master this seam can create beautiful products in the Japanese technique of patchwork. Applique, schemes and patterns in it are impossible without possession stitch forward. In addition, in the present patchwork is not allowed to use any technical means to stitch patches.
Originally patchwork was used to update the old clothes. Were stories and examples of how the products in this technique served as chain mail to protect against arrows and a glancing blow with a sword.
Today, it is the original decorative technique. Many designers in their work using Japanese patchwork. Bags in this technique are very popular because they are not just beautiful, but also convenient and practical.
It is also common home furnishings (cushions, bedspreads, blankets, curtains), made of rags in the Japanese style.
And use it for garments. Even in ancient times it was believed that the gift is very expensive if it is made using patchwork techniques. Japanese technique makes each item unique, since it is created only with his hands and for a specific person.
To sew a bag in this technique, it is necessary to make a sufficient number of blanks blocks. On the example of the previous master-class look at a simple method of assembling the bag.
As our units are square in shape, you can create with them a box will not be difficult. He will be the beginning for our bags. Sew the workpiece with each other, sew lining and handles - obtain practical and convenient shopping bag.
In the future, you can try to learn to sew, and other units that make up the Japanese patchwork. Bags in this technique will complement any outfit, will become an integral part of his ensemble.
As previously mentioned, this type of needlework Japanese exalted to the level of true art. Proof of this - seamless pattern in this technique. They appeared at a time when Japan imposed restrictions on imports of Chinese textiles.
The essence of "drawing fabric" is as follows: as a blank was taken smooth plate. It applied contour drawing. Erupted along the contours of the small narrow grooves. Thanks to them, the fabric and held on the future of the web.
Next, the wizard was to cut out the right color and the size of the flap, and tuck it into the prepared furrow. A piece of cloth as though stretched on a wooden workpiece.
The paintings in this technique, which is called kinusayga, a bit like stained-glass windows, with the only difference being that they are opaque.
Today this art slightly transformed. Today, as a foam preform is used, which does not require prior breaching grooves.
Of course, the products in the technique kinusayga are exclusively applied character and can not be used in everyday life.
Some tips for beginners to masters
Those who want to create a Japanese patchwork own hands, you need to spend a lot of time and effort to become perfect in this art.
First you need to study the basic shapes of which are building blocks for patchwork. Japanese technique slightly similar to origami, the same difficult and requires perfect execution throughout. Bit inaccurate bending, uneven stitching, wry unit can seriously spoil the look of the finished product.
It is also worth to learn to sew by hand. And not only have to master the seam "forward needle". It has long been the Japanese masters use embroidery as one of the main elements of patchwork. The more seams knows the master, the more original the product is obtained.
Although patchwork and sewn from scraps, today for this art need to buy special fabrics. In this case, they must be of the same quality, thickness and density, as the product will be inflated and contorted. This is one of those cases where savings can be expensive. Only good expensive silk fabrics guarantee success.
Contrasting applications perfectly complement the finished product. Thus they are performed from the same blocks, instead of individual flaps. The latter is quite rare when it is necessary to focus on a particularly small cell.
Do not be afraid to experiment. Color and shape are complemented by beautiful lines of seams and light applications. Or vice versa - patchwork fabric becomes the perfect backdrop for this embroidered pattern.