- 1 Japanese patchwork own hands: schema master class
- 2 Creative schemes for patchwork for beginners: fashionable needlework
- 3 Japanese patchwork: a master class for beginners
Japanese patchwork own hands: schema master class
It began as a banal savings fabrics, patchwork has become an art form in the world of needlework. In almost every ancient state had its own characteristics of this technique. World recognition was English patchwork, which is famous for the simplicity of the forms and the availability of tissues. But no less interesting is the Japanese patchwork. Like everything else, the Japanese were able to bring this technique to perfection and turn it into an art form.
Features Japanese patchwork
In contrast to the European masters in Japan has its own special tricks and techniques. The first feature - the presence of line "forward needle". It is decorated with the finished fabric, creating and emphasizing the unusual patterns and designs. Thus, simply stitched together patches are similar to the work of art.
Second, the emphasis on a floral pattern and ornament. It can be as prints on fabric and embroidered patterns.
Third, for the English art is characterized by low use applications. Patchwork Japanese often uses this technique to create a more beautiful picture.
Masters from Japan never use for sewing machines. For them, this technique - a way to have fun and create a truly valuable thing. And this is possible only if the manual work.
And, of course, the fabric. Japanese patchwork uses mostly silk, while the worldwide preferred cotton.
The Japanese know how to turn everyday things into a whole philosophy. Sewing fabric remnants was no exception. A combination of different patches, their colors and shapes allows you to create truly beautiful pictures. They are complemented applique and embroidery. It is not just patchwork. Japanese technique was improved to a level that has long ceased to be simply a craft.
There are cases when Europeans and Americans took such work for painting on silk, so they looked incredible.
In addition, this technique is similar in essence to the religious beliefs that give soul animate and inanimate objects. Quilting is a revival of the soul of the dying tissue products, their transformation into new and improved form.
Main circuit layouts
As we know from history, ancient Japanese patchwork - applique. layout of the blocks in the present is dictated by this feature. In most cases, tissue is taken for sewing workpiece, which in a certain order imposed scraps. Their location is dominated by sharp geometric lines, circles and squares, a variety of arc.
Equally popular, and maybe more than geometric, floral motifs. Of multicolored rags laid out flower petals and tree crowns. This feature is not characteristic of English art, since it is more difficult to implement.
In fact, novice master hardly distinguish Japanese patchwork of Europe. The main distinguishing feature of the last - simplicity and clarity. The Japanese tend to make each product as possible complex and bizarre. It is worth considering the example of a simple motive.
For one-night stand is difficult to fully master the Japanese patchwork. Master-class of this technique, though simple, but the general concept is akin to philosophy. To get started is to learn the basics.
For work required cardboard blanks 3: 2 circles of different diameter and square exactly fits into a smaller circle.
Cut to a large mug flap. On the edge of a contrasting thread doing dotted seam. The ends of the thread is not fixed.
Take a smaller circle, put into a fabric preform and smoothing its edges inside. Contract the thread that the workpiece is better to keep the shape. Cardboard wheels were removed, and in its place put a face square flap.
Next on the square shaped bends the edge of the circle, and fix them with pins. The blank is ready for further cross-linking stitch needle forward. This is a simple example that demonstrates the uninitiated Japanese patchwork. Master-class of this technology is understandable, but she will require some skill artist.
Anyone who wants to learn Japanese patchwork, which schemes are widespread, will face a term such as line "forward needle". This is one of the basic stitches in sewing and embroidery.
He performed by passing the needle through the fabric at regular intervals. That this is the complexity of the equipment necessary to learn how to make a thread perfectly smooth dotted line. Stitches and the spaces between them should have equal distance. Otherwise the product will look ugly.
Who will be able to perfectly master this seam can create beautiful products in the Japanese technique of patchwork. Applique, schemes and patterns in it are impossible without possession stitch forward. In addition, in the present patchwork is not allowed to use any technical means to stitch patches.
Originally patchwork was used to update the old clothes. Were stories and examples of how the products in this technique served as chain mail to protect against arrows and a glancing blow with a sword.
Today, it is the original decorative technique. Many designers in their work using Japanese patchwork. Bags in this technique are very popular because they are not just beautiful, but also convenient and practical.
It is also common home furnishings (cushions, bedspreads, blankets, curtains), made of rags in the Japanese style.
And use it for garments. Even in ancient times it was believed that the gift is very expensive if it is made using patchwork techniques. Japanese technique makes each item unique, since it is created only with his hands and for a specific person.
To sew a bag in this technique, it is necessary to make a sufficient number of blanks blocks. On the example of the previous master-class look at a simple method of assembling the bag.
As our units are square in shape, you can create with them a box will not be difficult. He will be the beginning for our bags. Sew the workpiece with each other, sew lining and handles - obtain practical and convenient shopping bag.
In the future, you can try to learn to sew, and other units that make up the Japanese patchwork. Bags in this technique will complement any outfit, will become an integral part of his ensemble.
As previously mentioned, this type of needlework Japanese exalted to the level of true art. Proof of this - seamless pattern in this technique. They appeared at a time when Japan imposed restrictions on imports of Chinese textiles.
The essence of "drawing fabric" is as follows: as a blank was taken smooth plate. It applied contour drawing. Erupted along the contours of the small narrow grooves. Thanks to them, the fabric and held on the future of the web.
Next, the wizard was to cut out the right color and the size of the flap, and tuck it into the prepared furrow. A piece of cloth as though stretched on a wooden workpiece.
The paintings in this technique, which is called kinusayga, a bit like stained-glass windows, with the only difference being that they are opaque.
Today this art slightly transformed. Today, as a foam preform is used, which does not require prior breaching grooves.
Of course, the products in the technique kinusayga are exclusively applied character and can not be used in everyday life.
Some tips for beginners to masters
Those who want to create a Japanese patchwork own hands, you need to spend a lot of time and effort to become perfect in this art.
First you need to study the basic shapes of which are building blocks for patchwork. Japanese technique slightly similar to origami, the same difficult and requires perfect execution throughout. Bit inaccurate bending, uneven stitching, wry unit can seriously spoil the look of the finished product.
It is also worth to learn to sew by hand. And not only have to master the seam "forward needle". It has long been the Japanese masters use embroidery as one of the main elements of patchwork. The more seams knows the master, the more original the product is obtained.
Although patchwork and sewn from scraps, today for this art need to buy special fabrics. In this case, they must be of the same quality, thickness and density, as the product will be inflated and contorted. This is one of those cases where savings can be expensive. Only good expensive silk fabrics guarantee success.
Contrasting applications perfectly complement the finished product. Thus they are performed from the same blocks, instead of individual flaps. The latter is quite rare when it is necessary to focus on a particularly small cell.
Do not be afraid to experiment. Color and shape are complemented by beautiful lines of seams and light applications. Or vice versa - patchwork fabric becomes the perfect backdrop for this embroidered pattern.
Creative schemes for patchwork for beginners: fashionable needlework
Art needlework requires a lot of work and perseverance things done on their own, it is always a high style. Crafts in fashion than ever, because nothing is worth to buy something in the store, but to show their skills, to work on something of his own worth it. Not a workshop dedicated to this, and you also have the opportunity to learn something new.
Patchwork (or patchwork) - is a unique and versatile product decoration technology tissue fragments. Textiles can decorate just any product, but you can often find templates, charts and patterns of bed linen. That is, blankets, pillows, blankets, bedspreads decorated with fabric scraps.
So where's all the same to start? You can follow the advice of people who do not give a master class themselves up schemes and patterns, and photos and videos of their work in a large number can be found on the Internet.
Quilt - a truly distinctive home furnishings
- The first thing you need to be inspired. Create a folder on your computer, dedicated to the patchwork, and fill it with photos of the work that you particularly liked. Then the picture seen forgotten, so good enough to save them.
- Next, look at what you have today to work in patchwork. Ideally, if you have accumulated for many tissue sections. By the way, patchwork - the art of poverty, when the cast-offs of the cut pieces, and of them are new product.
- If you do not have scraps, or a little, in a specialty store, you can buy a special fabric for patchwork. Even on the photo you can see that cotton special sealed structure. He is hypoallergenic, the sun also does not fade in a word, excellent fabric.
- Then you can try to have finally something to sew. Find a workshop sewing techniques of squares. For this technique, special devices do not need, and things will turn out interesting and original.
Remaining from previous products cloth trim do not just send in the ballot box
Once you have some practice in this technique, begin already to more complex MC.
Patchwork for beginners: a master class
First of all, we should give a small master class, which defines a specific work plan.
MK planning work in patchwork:
- Create a sketch of the future product. On the basis of a sketch made schemes and patterns. Sketch already includes a drawing that happens in the end, and color.
- Selection of fabrics. At this stage, the templates are made, they are then cut out, and then cross-linked whole cloth.
- To connect all patches, first put them in sequence, and then sew along the inner contour of the template. Plump patterns better to first secure the lining and sew, but what if the parts without allowances, we can immediately to sew seams.
Separate MC (master class) need to do in order to learn how to select fabric for patchwork correctly.
Fabrics for patchwork
The finest fabrics than wool, silk and linen, of course, is not found. But the semi-synthetics perfectly applied in patchwork. Drape is used if you need to make a blanket, mat or thick bract.
For art panels better than silk, no doubt, be found.
Various types of tissue may be combined in a single product. In this case, they will combine the style of the product, and certain machinery works. That is, for example, cotton and calico are in one ensemble of jeans and corduroy or wool and linen. Photos of these works prove how elegantly this needlework.
Patchwork for Beginners: scheme step by step
A separate workshop should be devoted to cross-linking of patchwork blocks. If there is a photo and video of the MC, the task is simplified. But still, peering closely at the circuit - it is the basics of patchwork.
Preparation of blocks made from blanks, according to the selected scheme
For the quilt sewn fit any type of tissue
- It is drawn on paper, a necessary element of the desired shape (without seam allowance);
- On each side of this element, you put off by 5 mm, and schedule a second circuit, which will seam allowance;
- Of cardboard or heavy paper cut two blanks for the same items.
Cut parts, too, need to correct one at this stage there are problems, check the photo or video is not a single MK.
Ironed fabric rascherchivayte thin slice myltsa or crayon. The lines should be just thin, the bill goes to millimeters.
On the fabric be sure to specify the direction of common thread, only need to cut through it. The template is applied to the reverse side of the flap.
First applied more patterns, and on top - a smaller one.
Set patchwork for beginners
Ready set for patchwork allows beginners to masters to learn the basics of this technique. According to the configuration set can be different. But most often it is set, which has everything for the future of the product - from the circuitry to the needles. Fabric and thread, a photo of the future product - set includes everything.
If you are not confident in their abilities, that can pick it yourself, such kits act as MC. The first time they give you a kind of master class, and then, having mastered the basics of technique, you will already act themselves at all stages.
Books and kits for patchwork provide basic knowledge in this field
Someone is easier to see than a master class, and someone is more convenient lessons and schemes in the literature. Quilt books, of course, a lot. There are presented and diagrams and photos, and exemplary picture that allows you to create the style. The books can be found and knitted patchwork, and a detailed master-class complex equipment.
Which books are most useful:
- "Quilting. Pillows. Blankets. Panels "Niola-press;
- "ABC patchwork" Sharon Chambers;
- "Quilting" Donna Cooler;
- "Crazy Quilt" Judith Montano.
These publications are distinguished by an interesting, clear writing style, plenty of examples, and technology secrets.
How to assemble a block of squares: (video-MK)
Patchwork knitted patchwork - kind of needlework, which is like a tribute to the work of our grandmothers. If you want something to bring to the needlework Skarbnitsya his family, things in the technique of patchwork sewn the best way to cope with this task.
Japanese patchwork: a master class for beginners
The art of patchwork came to save: masters were in no hurry to get rid of scraps of fabric and old things, wanting to give them a new form and use to create unusual things. Because patchwork is often associated with poverty. It is difficult to name a country where for the first time there was this kind of needlework, but in every country Patchwork supplemented by national color. Officially considered the ancestor of patchwork England.
Nucleation of patchwork in Japan
In Japan, a modern form of this art is not taken immediately: first, from the fabric segments sewed their clothes monks prostogivaya them manually. When part of the costume abrade, add new patches and sewn as a patch. So there stozhka technology: it was noted that quilting enhances the product and carries a decorative function. Later equipment was used for the manufacture of military costumes.
Distribution of patchwork in Japan was caused and the economic situation: the country was forbidden to import fabric from China, because of what began to develop the local textile industry. Gradually Patchwork turned into national tradition, turned in the art of clothing repair in the art of decorating household items.
Features Japanese patchwork
Person who is not familiar with the peculiarities of Japanese patchwork, it may seem that the strong differences between European and American technology is not. But this is not the case. One of the business cards Japanese patchwork stozhki is the abundance that is used along with application and bears, in addition to strengthening the functions of the product, and more decorative load. It is performed not only in the form of straight lines or geometric shapes, but also as a symbolic pattern. Threads are not always used in the tissue tone.
A distinctive feature of Japanese patchwork are the special fabric used to create the product. In each country, a way of life, religion, life, nature, surrounding people are recognized and applied arts. In Japan, the technique of patchwork sewn becomes a sort of meditation aimed at relaxation, loss of care and rest. Because the material used and quite muted shades.
The main feature of the eastern art
Printed and textured cotton is most commonly used of the tissue. A combination of hand-stitching and these materials gives the work performed in this technique, bulkiness. The main feature of Japanese patchwork: all products are sewn by hand, without the use of a sewing machine. With the help of mechanical tools can not achieve the kind of quality products, which are obtained by manual work. When sewing on the machine they are more flat, and some small parts simply can not be done mechanically. Such mastery requires perseverance, takes a lot of time, so the Japanese Patchwork very much appreciated.
Modern Japanese-style patchwork
Increasingly, Eastern kind of patchwork became supplemented by other techniques of needlework. It is fashionable to complement the product hand-embroidered, sewn rhinestones, beads or charms. Traditionally such things adorn the fringe and tassels. Japanese patchwork allows the use of several different methods simultaneously. Unusual accessories can become textile bead. Whether it is running is simple: from scraps of fabric cut into 3 cm circle in the center is put a piece of padding polyester and the material shrinks around the edge. Beads complement locks, laces. Of them make necklaces and bracelets.
Required materials for patchwork
Start learning the Japanese art of patchwork possible with conventional cosmetic manufacturing. There are kits for the Japanese patchwork, but with the house of unnecessary pieces of fabric for better training to use them. Figure you can think of your own or take the finished scheme and translate it on tracing paper. It is very important to choose for quality needles. They should easily pass through the fabric and does not remove the fiber. Good thread and fabric significantly facilitate the work. Coloring material is selected close to natural, natural tints: green, brown, red. For applications using low-contrast colors are harmoniously combined with the base. If the fabric is used in a cell, prostogivat it will be more convenient.
For beginners Japanese patchwork may seem complicated, but in fact the sewing technology does not cause particular difficulties for beginners. The main thing - patience, as all pieces are sewn by hand and it can take a long time. If the application is very small elements, the first time it is recommended to use a pencil for their adhesive fixing. All of the products are cut with seam allowance. Before you begin, you need to wash the cloth and to iron. Manual stozhka allows you to use a variety of decorative seams and make the product softer.
To work need:
- Plans and drawings for the foundations;
- fabric for the base;
- a few small patches for applications;
- two oblique Bakey;
- construction paper;
- lining or padding polyester;
- needles for patchwork;
- leather thimble;
Japanese patchwork: a master class for beginners
The process of creating the product consists of the following steps:
- Plans for the cosmetic can be made independently or take the scheme from public sources. For it will need thick cardboard.
- From the base fabric cut two identical rectangular blank for the front and the reverse side. We place between the filler shreds, creating a "layer cake". For convenience, it is better to fix the pins or special holders for fabric. The foundation can also be made in the technique of patchwork, assembled from multicolored patches.
- Mark up the basis of soap or a pencil and start to stitch. Prostogivaem fabric completely.
- We put the pattern and note the path in the fabric, do not forget about the allowances.
- From construction paper cut out details of the picture: these pieces will be wrapped fabric scraps and serve as a basis for the application. On leaving the seam allowance is not less than 3 mm.
- Make a small notch on the scraps scissors to make it easier to attach them to the paper blank. Edge bent inwards and smooth down. Instead of paper you can use adhesive interlining. Then collect the figure will be much easier: just gently fold the edge and ready to iron elements iron.
- We collect applications, wrapping cloth parts, and sew the workpiece neat stitches using a blind stitch. Additionally, you can pristegat drawing decorative seam "strochka9raquo ;, using contrasting thread.
- You can decorate the makeup embroidery, beads or sew on buttons. Molyneux for this selected in the main tone of the article. It must be done to build the product.
- Obmotyvaem workpiece edge for the cosmetic to the thread does not disheveled, and cut the main part.
- We start processing the edges. Cut out a strip 5 cm wide and sew oblique inlay using a hidden seam. Now it is necessary to shape the product.
- The main part folded in half and back down to the left and to the right about 4 cm, marking the place with pins.
- We are working from the inside out. Wrapping the hand to him, we begin to bend the central part. Retreating from the edge of 2 cm, sewn and cut corner. To the untreated portion sew tissue flap to conceal the tip.
- Release the front of the cosmetic case to sew points where the pins are placed.
- We form the bottom and sew a zipper.
Beautician is ready! This product we have created with their own hands. Japanese patchwork sewing machine does not suffer because we can safely say that this cute accessory has turned completely handmade.