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Interior. Japanese minimalism.
The house is decorated according to the laws of Japanese style, it testifies that his master was not subject to the bustle and chaos of the outside world, capable of to see beauty in the everyday and admire it. But this style of interior design is not suitable for everyone. Man, not thinking himself without noise and bustle of the modern world can not live in the house, where reigns a void air and light.
Japanese culture is guided by the principle - "all unnecessary ugly". The basis of Japanese style - the emptiness, underlines the elegance of the interior of the little that is in the house. Therefore, the principal feature of the Japanese style is minimalism. The house must be only the most necessary items of furniture, household and decoration. All things, utensils hidden in embedded closets.
House with traditional Japanese interior has no walls. The landscape is a natural extension of the interior. From inside the house is divided not into the room, and the "functional areas" with the help of screens, curtains, at the expense of the floor drops. All it has incorporated contemporary Japanese style. Screens make the space light and transparent apartments; rearranging them, you can update the interior of almost every day.
Concise and businesslike stringent furniture low and straight, as the old proverb says that life should go on the mat - floor mats. The color scheme of Japanese interior mainly bright - white, beige, milk, cream. And Japanese furniture designed in bright colors, surfaces and walls, and furniture - smooth. The materials used in the design, selected from the valuable wood and precious fabrics, which are also mostly white and cream made from natural cotton and silk. Distributed varnished surface.
The principle is based on the Japanese style - harmony with nature. Natural beauty - the essence of the Japanese home philosophy. In Japanese interior preferred warm colors calm. Everything should be made of natural materials: wood, bamboo, rice paper, rough brick, straw. Atmosphere Japanese house promotes meditation, peace, rest from the cares and troubles of the outside world.
Eastern culture in general and Japan in particular attracted us with its otherness and mystery. For the Japanese philosophy is characterized by a focus on the inner world, nonsusceptibility bustle of the outside world, the ability to see beauty in the simplest. From this basic principle in the interior of Japanese houses - plenty of space, minimalism and a minimum of things.
In Eastern philosophy much attention is given to ease and reduce the chaos. Choose neutral natural colors to provide a simple background. Although the color is not as important as the interior structure as a whole. The main problem - to create a sense of geometric order.
Decisions taken in the Japanese interior, based on a strong color or texture. Oriental color - clean. Unlike the Western approach, where the mixed colors, and make more elegant overall image, oriental art now. This means that the initial color or brush stroke and are the end result.
Black is often considered a "no color" in our society, although it is very important in eastern interiors. The use of black color emphasizes the essence and form of the eastern room. It is used, for example, with a white and a rice paper Shoji screens.
The use of metal in the Japanese interior is minimized, it appears only as a necessary small accessories. The reason is obvious - Japan is not rich in metal-containing minerals and humid climate would cause quite a rapid destruction of rust all metal construction. And instead to extol the material as something rare and outstanding, the Japanese simply create such an interior, where everything that is not in Japan in excess, would have looked far from harmonious and pretentious. Cold artificial light can not replace reflections Akari lamp on a polished black wood.
The fashion for all the Japanese are no longer a novelty, and today it is difficult to find someone who would not have imagined that such a Japanese-style interior. But not everyone knows what to minimalism Japan came not only in the pursuit of aesthetics. The desire for simplicity and functionality, the basic principles of Japanese housekeeping - not a fad, but a consequence of historical and national peculiarities of the rising sun.
The lighting in the interior in the Japanese style is also part of the composition. Japanese housing can not sink into the darkness. Soft and diffused light must devote a few decorative items, to emphasize their uniqueness and importance.
Japanese fantastically subtle play of light and space. Mnogostvorchatye fusuma screens and pasted paper sliding screens to create each time a new interior geometry allow to retire, while remaining in the room. it is essential for the Japanese refined, especially if the house has one floor is almost no division of space.
Japanese interior means a lot of light. Lampshades rice paper simple shapes make light soft and diffused. Such light visually Spreads space. Hence it is particularly delicate approach to daylight and lighting sources. What it is now popular with Europeans and is titled "Japanese Light" - the construction of paper and metal frame - in fact, a very important element of the interior, this lamp is called cancer. It was established in the 50-ies of the last century, and in fact is not so much light as to stress the twilight. And, of course, about any metal in the original could be no question - the real bamboo and washi rice paper, weak light and haze. The light should be soft. Twilight calms and gives room mystery. It is best to use paper lampshades.
Boxes, thumbnail-netsuke, wooden dolls, bronze statuettes, scrolls with hieroglyphs (kakemono), bamboo or straw mats - all this will give a finished look to the Japanese interior. Indispensable attribute - a dwarf trees (bonsai), flower arrangements, vases, lamps and elegant porcelain.
The items must be not only practical, but also beautiful. A beautiful only what is unique face. Every thing in the Japanese interior is unique. At the same time the beauty of things can be understood only its owners.
If desired, you can arrange the room niche with statuettes, figurines, netsuke. It is believed that the statues of pagan gods bring the house good luck and prosperity. Unavoidable part of registration of premises in the Japanese style - characters. Characters can be decorated with bedspreads, curtains, bed linen, rugs.
Also, you can decorate the room by Japanese fans, dolls in a kimono and other elements of Japanese culture.
Japanese-style nothing overrides attention, space is very much appreciated, so using a minimal amount of furniture. Furniture should be simple geometric shapes to the same small size. Materials - natural. A place to relax located in the center of the room. Typical details of Japanese style - furniture made of bamboo and a sliding wall. Every thing - refined.
Japanese furniture attracts by its simplicity, ease and grace, and, last but not least, mobility. One of the main subjects - tatami mat of straw. It is not too small - its traditional size is 2 m, and changing them is usually 1 time in 2 years. Well, if you put on a futon mat, you get a comfortable bed and light, which can be easily removed at any time.
In a traditional Japanese house was a hotbed necessarily, seat cushions and low table. Crockery and things stored in cabinets that could be built into the walls, and even on the floor, as well as special wall niches. Quite common trunks and chests of drawers, mobile, on wheels, cabinets, stairs, cupboards - everything a traditional Tansu furniture. These furnishings were quite expensive and were decorated by hammering, varnishing and were made of precious wood. By finishing could determine social status of the owner, and was originally a furniture could only have known.
As for materials, the favorite species of wood were hinoki and sugi, and durable breed cane and drawers and chests made of wood kiri as it absorbs moisture.
Now it is especially popular because of the antique wooden furniture, teak - because it has an excellent safety margin. Because it makes tables, frames, benches, screens and is also used in the decoration of the tables, beds, dressers, lamps, cabinets and the ceiling for the Japanese interior.
The Japanese believe that positive energy can move freely must be empty space. Therefore, creating an interior in the Japanese style, above all, take care of the space. Nothing more, no jewelry and trinkets, all things should be utilitarian in nature.
Japanese culture is looking for a way to balance opposites in all aspects of life (yin and yang), and Japanese interiors are no exception. Finished interior can be very contrasting, but, nevertheless, a balance will be achieved in it. Examples are, highly polished floors with heavy mats, a lacquered box, set top rough wooden table, or white pebbles on black granite around the bathroom.
Walls can be decorated bright species of wood, cloth (cotton and silk) cream and white shades. Natural flooring. Instead of doors sliding partitions or screens. Comfortable lacquered tables used as dining, as well as being decorative. Japanese style is consistent with the minimalist tables transformers on small wheels, they are easily raised and lowered to the desired height, and is also easy to move.
To create a Japanese interior, is necessary to understanding the mysterious oriental culture of the country, a particular perception of the world, which is reflected in the interior arrangement. For Japan, characterized by introversion, focusing on the inner world and feelings. And so this is almost always minimalist interior, and this often hides a deep philosophical meaning. In other words, the spirit prevails over the material, but is expressed therethrough. Only a few pieces of furniture and a lot of free space - this is the classic Japanese interior, where every thing has its purpose - to create and maintain harmony in the house.
Minimalism in the interior, the main features and species
It seems that the majority of stylish modern interiors characterized by concise, clear and direct lines of information to the absolute minimum number of components. However, you should take a closer look, and it turns out that the number of interior styles popular at the moment is incredibly large, and even such a simple and straightforward at first glance, minimalism has several varieties and variations. For those who like the actual interior aesthetics, we will try to lay out the basic nuances of Japanese and Scandinavian minimalism in the interior, as well as their fundamental differences from the high-tech style.
Hi-tech kitchen by Bulthaup
Strict and laconic interiors, where the main emphasis is not on the decor and furnishings, and open and uncluttered space, natural light and functionality - that's what we usually associate with the term "minimalism". This definition is rather conditional, since such a definition can easily get any modern interior, had not managed to acquire a lot of accessories and household details and risk eventually lose all their brevity and style.
The snow-white Scandinavian minimalist interior, color and decor is present only in the form of textiles, photo Alvhem
How do you know whether it is suitable for you in the interior of minimalism? If you are a neat man, accustomed to direct and perfect purity is always lays out all the things in their places, then this is definitely the style might suit you. Lovers scatter things, anywhere, to place on the shelves of many souvenirs from trips, vases and figurines, as well as fans of motley, multi-layer textile decoration such aesthetics is clearly not fit.
Minimalism is the most in demand in the design of kitchens and bathrooms - where the need limit functionality kitchen Cesar Arredamenti
CouncilMinimalism in the interior suitable for neat people who like open spaces and want a break from the bustle and the abundance of information in the room almost devoid of detail. It is also suitable for those who suffer allergies, as is easy to clean and does not involve an abundance of fabrics and other "dust collectors".
"White on White" for lovers of Scandinavian design, photo Alvhem
Origins hobbies laconic interiors without much decoration and embellishment should be sought in the east in a classic design in Japan. Frequent earthquakes and especially philosophy gave rise to a special light and mobile homes, manufactured actually made of paper and bamboo. Sliding partitions and screens easy to restore, move to a new place, and the danger during a quake such weightless designs do not represent. The garden has always been a part of Japanese interior design, so a love of nature is also an important factor in the formation of the Japanese style. Through the wide sliding openings in the premises penetrated not only the landscape, but also sunlight, which was the main source of illumination in the house. The result of such a plan - a special relationship to the luminaires that must produce a soft, diffused light, creating an atmospheric twilight and not the bright accents.
Japan gave the love of minimalism as open spaces, because in such a populous country every centimeter of free space is valued particularly highly. Of course, not all the features of traditional Japanese minimalism applied in the conditions of our reality, but some methods use quite real.
Low Japanese furniture simple shapes and distinctive bright walls in the bedroom interior, bed Cinius
Japanese minimalism techniques for real life:
- try to free up the maximum available space, and if the room should be zoned or make some part of a more private, use lightweight cotton, bamboo or silk screen
- give preference to the more natural shades: white, black, gray, beige, brown
- choose low furniture strict geometric forms without decor
- unnecessary objects in the interior should not be, so all things are hidden in closets with sliding doors coupe, actual built-in furniture and a variety of niches
- use simple finishing materials: wood, brick, concrete, bamboo mats, etc. However, as the decor in the interior not to the quality of all materials subject to special requirements
Not only were the Japanese fans consecutive free spaces and laconic decor. At the other end of the earth they took their baton Scandinavians to form its own recognizable and hugely popular version of minimalism, which began to take shape in the XIX century. An important role in the formation of this style played again geographical position: harsh climate and lack of sunlight has led to the fact that virtually all Scandinavian interiors solved in maximum light colors are all shades of white pitch. Love for potted plants and a variety used in interior lighting can also be attributed to a harsh Danish, Swedish and Finnish winters.
Painted brick walls, light furniture and living flame fireplace - typical living room items in a Scandinavian style fireplace Focus
Memo: Scandinavian designers manage to create the effect of a large area even in a very modest in size apartments. This is achieved by the bright colors, the lack of superfluous decoration, the use of simple, low furniture and smart lighting.
Leather upholstery is not found even in the expensive interior Scandinavian style sofa Layout Isolagiorno
Scandinavian minimalism also brings an abundance of ornate decor, placing at the forefront of natural light, a love for open spaces and maximum simplicity, however, is perhaps the most hassle-free variation of minimalism, where appropriate will be folk art motifs, warm blankets and flowers on the windowsill. That less, these decorative items also need to be considered and used in small quantities, without overloading the interior.
For minimalism in general, and for its Scandinavian species, in particular, is characterized by an open plan, for example, combining the kitchen and living room. One bedroom apartment with an area of 62 m, photo Alvhem
- love of natural materials, primarily wood and stone, a simple ceramic tile and plaster. As used parquet flooring or solid board
- Scandinavian furniture is low, comfortable and simple, of course, also made of wood, usually pine and spruce. Wood or coated with a transparent varnish or whiten
- monochrome bright colors, as color accents commonly used textiles (colorful blankets and pillows, often in folk style). natural fabrics used for upholstery: linen and cotton, heavy curtains unacceptable
- specific details of the situation: fireplace or stove-Dutch
- as accessories can be used cobalt ceramics, made of transparent glass objects, mirrors in simple frames, decorative objects made of wood
The apartment with an area of 52 m all in the hands of the Scandinavians still creates a feeling of spaciousness, photo Alvhem
High-tech style can be described as the most radical expression of minimalist ideas, these are the interiors in the minds of most of us and are associated with this concept. There was the style of the 1970s in the UK, however, has no connection or the local climate or the local interior design traditions.
Space lighting for the high-tech interior. About elaborate chandeliers with flowers and embroidered textile lampshades have to forget, CiniNils
This international style whose name «hidhtech» translated as "high technology" that very accurately describes this trend. Minimum decor, straight lines and angles, maximum space and light - the data lines, without a doubt, are also present in the high-tech interior, but about any love to the traditions or natural materials of speech does not go here. Rethinking high-tech design, uncompromising love for glass, metal and plastic - that's what distinguishes a true high-tech minimalism. The interior in this style should be as functional, and about any trinkets for beauty and comfort, if they do not bear additional practical burden, can not be considered.
Best of all high-tech aesthetic looks in a very spacious open-plan rooms with panoramic windows, but in more modest circumstances may also exist
Laconically in the bathroom, plumbing Inbani
Receptions hi-tech style for real life:
- restrained and monochrome colors: gray, white, black, sand, metallic. Allows one bright accent, for example, the modern poster on a wall or a red sofa
- single color coating for the walls, wallpaper in the style of a completely irrelevant
- Furniture in high-tech style offers maximum functionality and simple geometric shapes. Popular glass and chrome surface, stainless steel
- important role for the lighting, the diverse integrated lighting accent complements modern glass and steel fixtures
- as are the furnishings accessories: lamps, tables, fireplace and shelves of unusual shape. Gadgets, gifts and the like objects in the interior completely out of place
- unusual design speakers and other devices also act as full furnishings and exposed to the show
If you are tired of the endless flow of information and bustle of big cities, love the space and the order value elegance and simplicity, any of the varieties of minimalism is exactly what you need. Choose the Japanese version of a philosophical, a cozy Scandinavian style or ultra-modern high-tech, and keep in mind that minimalism is often not just a style of interior, but a way of life and worldview.
Living in a minimalist style: 20 pictures of Japanese Apartments
Minimalism in the life of the Japanese extends to many areas, especially in the interior. Minimalism - is not only practicality, but a whole ideology of this nation.
Entrance hall, in which the two are unlikely to unfold. There leave outdoor shoes and put out to dry umbrellas.
Once minimalism was the answer to bourgeois leap in luxury and life in excess. When tired of excessive pretentiousness, beauty was apprehended in the "clean lines" and "uncluttered". Now, for many of minimalism it became a whole world view, this is especially characteristic for the Japanese.
The Japanese - the creators of minimalism, because they are very practical, hard-working, pragmatic, striving to live in harmony with the surrounding world.
Gray, white, black color. A minimum of things to see. Beauty lines ...
In minimalism, there is a psychological component. Too fast pace of life, too many emotions (especially negative), an overabundance of information - all this has led to a demand for interior and atmosphere that does not contain anything superfluous, do not hurt the eyes, has to relax.
In Russia and some countries of the former USSR minimalism it has become popular now as in the past 2 decades, people filled the new Russian Empire style, which often was the absolute lack of taste and the reasons which were the previous deficit and uniformity throughout.
Minimalism has a certain connection with nature, it is based on a combination of light and shadow in this style a lot of gray, white, black, the color of the land. Almost all natural materials - wood, stone.
In the niches, cabinets minimum necessary things.
Japanese minimalism is very deep, minimalist Japanese interior is no furniture, cabinets are used instead of niches in the walls. Rather walls - screen. Bed - a narrow mattress, which is folded in the closet-niche and goes to every night.
Small kitchen in white, nothing more.
So small things do not take place, it is suspended.
A small set of dishes for the family.
Another look at the kitchen.
Bit devices, all piled on a shelf.
Toilet, if it is stolen out of the plane.
Minimum useful things in the bathroom - toothbrush, shampoo, razor ...
Another accommodation option toothbrushes.
How's your totally crowded with a shelf in the bathroom?
Lighting in the bathroom, and about the same in the kitchen.
All things are hidden in niches, cabinets likeness. they close the screen frequently.
No unnecessary genital rags.
Children with small accustomed to minimalism.
It looks like a bed mattress ... or rather, who goes for the night, put on the floor, and in the morning put back in the cupboard niche.
Here's how to store such a mattress.
All small items and equipment after use folded into boxes.
Here are the apartments in Japanese minimalist style. This is not just "the interior" - is a real philosophy. Could you also live?