- 1 Garden in the Japanese style, or a spectacular Japanese garden!
- 2 Japanese gardens
- 3 Elements of the Japanese garden in the country with their own hands
Garden in the Japanese style, or a spectacular Japanese garden!
Hello dear readers! Despite the fact that the garden design is constantly changing fashion trends basic design does not fade and is gaining momentum in popularity. These really popular design, include a garden in the Japanese style. It should be noted that such a violent demand explains the interest of Russian citizens to the Eastern tradition, you see, like the originality of style simply can not go unnoticed. Besides Japanese garden attracts the presence of predominantly natural materials such as stone, wood and bamboo.
It is also worth mentioning that the Japanese style in landscape design, a high degree of reasonableness, where literally every inch of floor space, has a certain stylistic burden, and in fact, is an attempt to combine in one small area, all the splendor of Japanese nature. So often on the same site, you can watch the simulation of waterfalls, rocks, mountain forests, lakes, rivers dried up or acting. And let such imitation is far from authentic landscapes, but created his own symbolic image will be constantly reminded of the true nature of the Japanese.
An important rule of thumb: if you decide to create a Japanese garden with his own hands, should be aware that the reporting landscape should be in harmony with other architectural buildings in the area (house, garage, gazebos, etc.), or instead of a harmonious image, you can get the absolute disharmony.
Gardeners recommend form garden thus clearly traced to three planes visual perception of rear, middle and front. This formulation, is performed for the purpose of presenting a spectacular landscape, as located composition thus be perfectly viewed from certain points, and as it moves on the human pre-designed path portion landscape be like "open".
Especially often used so-called composition scalene triangle, which traditionally make up the rocks, Japanese lanterns, shrubs, herbs or flowers. It is better to place the "triangle" in such a way that its long side facing the observer, and the short was located on the left side.
Also popular reception "visual remoteness" when foreground set large stones and large-bushes planted on the second plane arranged stones and plants of medium size, and of respectively the third plane to be arranged small stones and flowers.
Every plant in this garden must bear a certain washed away, so their selection should take seriously.
The symbolism of some plants:
- Bamboo - resistance;
- Pine - Longevity;
- Bindweed - the charm of life;
- Plum tree - spiritual beauty;
- Plum blossoms - courage;
- Blooming Sakura (cherry) - physical beauty.
The Japanese garden is usually filled with conifers and evergreen shrubs, in addition often planted cherry or plum trees, evergreen oaks, Japanese maples, Kerry, pine and bamboo. Also popular: aspidistra, camellia, holly, laurel, rhododendrons, irises, azaleas, lotus, creeper, wisteria and peonies. But not even all the plants inherent in true Japanese style, take root in our middle band, for example, is unlikely to take hold bamboo. Of course, some varieties of bamboo can survive a couple of winters, but with the advent of special frost definitely die.
Alternative Japanese bamboo.
Since not all plants successfully exist in Japan, will take root in Russia, they have to look for an alternative. And this fully applies to the bamboo, we have already been noticed that bamboo does not tolerate the winter, but without it, the garden in the Japanese style will seem incomplete, so how to do? Just find a replacement ... alternative bamboo serve young alder "Imperialis". Also for bamboo shoots, it will come down Sakhalin buckwheat. In a pinch, you can buy bamboo trunks, secure them in the ground and wrap leaved vine.
In the shadow area you can plant the rhododendrons, the better to give preference Caucasian rhododendron that grows without any problems in poluzatenennoy zone (during its flowering is in the middle of summer) and deciduous rhododendrons, flowering in April-May.
Not far from the rhododendron is quite possible to accommodate Japanese primrose, which will effectively bloom about 1.5 months. Also we can not forget about shade-loving ferns, well accustomed mnogoryadnik tripartite, schitovik colutea bright and brittle.
Preference is better to give a dwarf White Pine and Japanese spirea (blooms in late summer), maple riverine Ginnala.
Furthermore sow can Asarum Siebold bright periwinkle (blooms in spring).
In general, the plants should be selected so that some plants flowering periods, successive. With the spring-summer period, I think everything is clear, but the garden will transform autumn red maple leaves, so be sure to plant a maple. Also will look spectacular pine needles.
Japanese garden just can not do without the stone compositions. And the most advantageous will look compositions based on the use of stones, water, peeled, aged and overgrown with moss. Therefore, the ideal common river pebbles, sandstone, as well as all kinds of natural slates.
With the help of stones, you can create small waterfalls, river channels, low or high fence, to pave the track and build bridges. Favorite design technique is to provide a "dry stream" when the channel is fully shrouded stream impromptu flat, shiny stones symbolizing streams. A trickle through this may well be a bridge made of bamboo, metal, stone or wood. Options garden bridges can be found here.
The same can not forget about "casually thrown" boulders, they are better placed somewhere in the center of the garden. Also in high demand gravel gardens, implying a gravel mound, distributed evenly throughout the site.
Complement the garden in the Japanese style, can be bridged, painted in red, stone lanterns with broad roof, different-sized boulders, ceramic garden figurines, as well as all sorts of elements made of bamboo. And if you "burned" the idea of creating a Japanese garden, but the other buildings in the area are far from this area, they can always complement the bamboo elements, and then on the incongruity of images, it comes just will not. Bamboo can be made fences, screens, used as a decorative material in the pavilions, and they can decorate doors in a house or garage.
How to make Japanese garden (video):
Dear readers, you will agree to the rhythm of working days, after another hard day, be it a pleasure to visit your home garden in the Japanese style, where all the objects and plants are chosen with great care and love, which are respectively to be extremely favorable impact on the psycho-emotional state of a person! Of course Japanese garden requires attention, and indeed any other garden, but trust me - it's worth it! Friends, sign up for site updates "Comfort House", because in the future, such reviews will be published more than once!
The parrot was deaf.
Tatiana, very beautiful! * Good *
Incredibly beautiful, that would be at home to create a landscape design! Seriously think about this issue, thank you!
Irina, if you still dare, do not forget to tell us about the results, it is very curious!
A long time dream to create such beauty in his country ...
Sergey, I myself with admiration admire such a landscape design solution! In general, the dreams come true ... so maybe soon, you can tell us about their wonderful garden! * Good *
I love the composition of plants, water, stones, and gardens in the Japanese style always admire - all compact, carefully and beautifully. tweet
Larisa, Japanese gardens do look very impressive, it feels well thought of every detail! * Give_rose *
So simple and beautiful. The main thing, nothing more. Just awesome!
Arina, I agree with you, Japanese garden looks very harmonious!
My husband and I, too, dreamed of creating a small piece of garden in the Japanese style, but as long as hands are not reached, and we can not, perhaps, themselves create such beauty
Vilija and I think you will succeed, most importantly to take!
That's How nice. I want this style in your garden))) Especially liked the pergola in the Japanese style! Class!
Irina, exactly - a gazebo looks magical!
what a beauty, this is my dream - it is something like that in his country house
Tatiana, a real Garden of Eden - the truth ?!
Very fond of Japanese gardens. Not far from us Botanical Garden, and it has a Japanese garden. In the spring there were blooming cherry. Beauty. And at other times there are very nice.
While there is no way to implement this idea, I hung out on the balcony large banner (in the wall) with a Japanese garden. All very much.
Arina, wow, imagine this beauty, that would be in our Botanical Garden opened in the department of Japanese style! Banner with a Japanese garden - a creative solution, did I have never met! * Good * * give_rose *
How beautiful Japanese gardens, looking at such masterpieces rests the soul.
Tatiana, I totally agree with you, from the sight of such beauty is difficult to tear off! * Give_rose *
Very beautiful composition in Japanese gardens, and there is still some value, nothing is accidental, everything is left to chance
Lyudmila, fully agree with you, my Japanese garden just attracts general reasonableness, everything is so perfectly matched that indifferent to such beauty is difficult to stay! * Give_rose *
As you like, I learned a little something for yourself. I love the stones, and at the same arrange all sorts of compositions, not as beautiful as you, but still.
Alevtina, I am very delighted with the stones! Wow, I think everything has been done to it - looks twice as nice!
Interesting article and a great site.
Ksenia, thank you, I'll be glad to see you at a party again!
It is like the garden in the Japanese style!
Elena, I, too, the garden style is very like it, still thought!
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Beyond fashion, beyond time
Japanese gardens - unique designs not only landscape art, it is also Japanese ethics and aesthetics. Their concept and symbolism of the subject of numerous treatises prescription strict rituals. And all this for the sake of perfection. This approach is not accidental, as the admiring nature - the Japanese national tradition.
In addition to the interior, decorated in oriental style, our contemporaries continue to fascinate the traditional Japanese gardens. Their expressiveness and principles of the so relevant that they appear on the small areas in various parts of the world, even in the neighborhood of trendy buildings of glass and concrete, giving the environment a much needed positive for the human emotional energy.
Japanese Garden - a complex for the perception of a work of landscape art, which, like any other aspect of the unusual culture of the Europeans of the rising sun, it is impossible to understand, not having gone deep into its history, traditions and religious beliefs. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the nature of the Japanese are not like the Europeans: they believe that it can not be understood logically, but only intuitively.
Gardens of different design and purpose. According to the nature of the terrain they are divided into the hilly and flat, and depending on the dominant design element on the moss gardens, water, rocks, ferns. Gardens arranged in the palaces, churches, private homes. Palace garden occupies a large area, which is crossed by many walking paths. There were decorative elements and small pavilions, which offers great views. In contrast to the palace, the gardens at the temples served for contemplation and meditation. Domestic gardens usually small (from 4.3 to several tens of m2 ar) in the bulk represented miniature landscape copies.
The first guide, which gives the key to deciphering the ethical and aesthetic canons of garden art, was "The Secret Book of gardens" (Sakutey-ki, XII century). In the XV century it complemented the "Plans of landscapes and country houses", accompanied by the drawings and commentaries in prose and verse.
The Art of Zen gardens. The art of Japanese gardens have long been associated with both Buddhism and Shinto cult (from Shinto - an ancient Japanese religion) that worships trees, rocks, water, rivers and lakes, inhabited by kami - invisible nature spirits. The main influence on the formation of the garden had the monks professing dzenbuddizm. Gardens, imbued with the philosophy of Zen, become miraculously implementation of the so characteristic of the Japanese commitment to the ideal of beauty. For the comprehension of the world, the meaning of life is very important to the contemplation of nature and of certain subjects, aesthetic perception and a deep sensual experience that among the seeming permanence of things to catch their immediacy. Despite the fact that creating gardens were guided primarily by aesthetic principles, all of its elements, as is characteristic of the East, carried a symbolic meaning. Therefore, the visual images to appear before the eyes of the audience, only some of the information inherent in the composition of each garden. To present an image that meant the master (the gardener), you need to know the interpretation of symbols.
Moss garden - the perfect place to relax. The abundance of green contributes to the pacification and peace of mind
The oldest type of garden - "Moss Garden" (Kokedera), or a flat garden, planned in the XIV century. It was a lake and towering over the smooth surface of his islands, symbolizing Buddha's paradise. Lawns composed of mosses different varieties and shades of green, creating the illusion of peace, so necessary for solitary reflection. Unlike Kokedera, Tenryuji garden consisted only of rocks and thickets of bushes, which have been selected and arranged in such a way that at any time of the year you can admire their blooms. A lot of gardens in Japan is built on stories of the ancient poems: "Seven Plants of Spring", "Seven colors of autumn" and others.
The most unusual gardens, which have no analogues in the garden art of other countries - dry landscape of pebbles, sand and stones. In them the most fully represented the teachings of Zen Buddhism. Rock Garden is not a fragment of nature, and its symbol, the place pacified contemplation. The teaching of Zen as opposed to the traditional schools of Buddhism - a path leading through meditation, contemplation of the smallest details of everyday life for inspiration. For its attainment can be included in the product (whether it be a painting or landscape) unfinished fragment or a void, so that the audience took over and supplemented it with odds and composition, grasped its symbolism and intuitively concluded the author's intention.
Rock Garden. The most famous "dry garden" located in Kyoto behind the fence monasteries Reandzi, Daytokudzi, Nansendzi, Daysenin, Regenin. The garden is part of the church building, so you can approach it only after going through the temple, and behold - just sitting on the porch of the temple. Typically such a garden is a pad, covered by white gravel "combed" rake thin groove that can be associated with ripples (water - important garden component, it is symbolized on gravel parallel wavy lines or concentric circles, such as those are formed on the surface of a stepping stone). Every day the monks rake smooth surface that no trace - even from the blow of the wind - not broken lines is correct. The garden Reandzi (XVI century) on a platform of gravel placed 15 stones of different shapes and heights. These form the five groups, each of which is framed by green moss. The main mystery is in the fact that, from whatever part of the veranda or the viewer looking at the garden, it will always only see 14 stones. The task of the visitor - watching the frozen picture, make your mind to create a real visual image display and slowly sinking into the stone into the water, and gently divergent concentric circles, to get to work the imagination to understand through contemplation and meditation the truth, because the world is as we know it. The outlines of the stones, in the infinity of associations that they are born in different seasons and in different lighting conditions throughout the day, every viewer finds.
Garden for tea ceremony. At the edge of a Japanese garden in a small manor built tea pavilion, specially equipped for solitude and contemplation. Planning of garden completely subordinated to the etiquette of the tea ceremony. In the outer part there was a bench sheltered place to wait for the ceremony. Inner garden surrounded by a tea pavilion. The composition of tea gardens are always present some shapeless stones along the path of multi-colored pebbles, bamboo shoots, stone lantern, spring and with him a bamboo spoon with a long handle to wash before tea ceremony. The vegetation in the garden discreet, because nothing should detract from the ritual of tea drinking. tree species are selected so that their dark foliage evokes a feeling of harmony, purity, peace and naturalness.
The Japanese are always looking outside of the house, watching monochrome landscape, opening at spaced external walls
Garden Symbolism. Japanese Gardens - embodiment of the great small. Their sign systems similar to ideograms hieroglyphic writing, and the values of the elements and combinations thereof, are fixed in the Garden the art of leadership. In scheme based on a combination of symbolic characters landscape mountains and water. For example, the pond symbolizes the ocean, and the stone - the mountain. At the same time does not really matter the material used: the surface of the sand or gravel can mean the water, a group of stones - a waterfall or a particular way of living - the crossing of the tiger with cubs over a raging torrent. Comparison of the mountains and water embodies the doctrine of opposing principles of yin and yang alternation and interpenetration of them - the foundation of all things (light masculine designated mountain or stone, dark female - water). Japanese garden is not particularly important type of plant used, the main thing - encased in its symbolism, image, born form, odor, color, historical events associated with it traditions. One of the favorite plants - pine - a symbol of longevity, eternity and constancy, and the known - Sakura personifying resistance and purity, because its flowers never fade on the tree and fly around fresh. Bamboo symbolizes nobility, courage and stamina, so in many gardens planted with bamboo groves. Lotus means purity, is not exposed to the negative manifestations of the real world. It is closely linked with the image of Buddha is often depicted sitting in a lotus flower.
The merger of the house and nature. The inclusion of nature in the house - an old Japanese tradition. Garden is broken in order to enjoy them while sitting on the adjoining house galleries, which have one of the main tasks - provide a spatial transition from the interior to the environment. The unity of nature and the building, the size of which varies by a sliding partition, allows to live in conditions of natural lighting and climate. There is no hint of the opposition and the construction environment - interiors dissolve in the landscape, their structure is created from the perspectives aimed outward, associated with the perceptible features of the landscape. Home and garden thematically and compositionally always trying to reconcile with each other. Used for garden decoration elements visually and logically linked both to the house and each other and carefully selected in accordance with a succession of impressions and thoughts that should evoke a meditative contemplation garden.
Principles of Creating a small garden. To this day, every Japanese, having in his yard piece of land, will certainly suit him a miniature garden with a pond, which will float multicolored carp, especially respected and symbolize courage. Limited area has led to the cultivation of a small, man-made gardens, layout and design that reproduces the diversity of species and forms of nature. To create them using local natural conditions and artificial bulk hills, winding paths, ponds, streams with cascades and steep bridges thrown over the rapids, gazebo, scenic specially planted groups of trees, lawns with decorative pavilions. Platforms and tracks made out by introducing small details: the stones, dwarf trees, shrubs, moss and flowers.
Among a variety of Japanese gardens, the most popular and common is tsuboniva - garden small size, limited small backyard area of the yard. Most small gardens placed even in narrow spaces inside buildings, in spaces between the internal and external partitions (with sufficient illumination and ventilation). only a small number of elements needed to create tsuboniva: basic, which attract attention, and subordinates. the latter depends on the structure of the basic relationship. The main concern stone lantern and stone bowl of spring water. Lamp - symbol of the world order. Its members form a hierarchical sequence and carry the signs of fire, concentrated in volume, which symbolizes the earth, resting on the waters of the world under the canopy of heaven. Inside, modern lamps are usually located flickering light bulb that lights the way in the darkness and directs attention to certain elements of the landscape. There are many varieties of lights, each of them has its origin and place in the garden. They originate from the ritual incense kuritelnits located in front of the Buddha hall.
Concise set of the few elements of small garden requires harmony between vertical and horizontal. In general, the large stone bowl suit (well) water, which flows through a bamboo cane. Sometimes water enters the bowl through a vertical channel arranged directly inside the stone. Ritual bowl for washing hands tsuku - buy a Japanese origin. In the ancient stones with a natural depression in the middle used for household needs, and then for the symbolic cleansing before entering a Shinto shrine. Later, this tradition has migrated to the Buddhist temples (the procedure is to pour water on the hands is in the Buddhist practices of the completion of the case).
Rocks and water are considered essential elements of the garden. Stones, depending on the shape, texture, and even rock position (vertical or horizontal) may be in the nature or yin yang expressed more or less clearly. Accompanying Tsukubai stones, usually only horizontal. For a long time used mostly rough stones, and if it concerns them the man's hand, they still will not have been different from the natural. Rarely can be found in the garden of smooth boulders. Preference is given to stones with sharp and chipped pronounced layered structure. Typically used granite, andesite, chlorite, basalt, having saturated gray or reddish coloring.
The second important element of the garden - water. It can be represented in the form of a pond, stream, waterfall. Water flow is accompanied by the constant murmur of flowing streams, whispering streams, gliding over the surface of the stones. According to Shinto tradition flowing water protects from evil spirits, purifies the soul and the body. Man passes through the water flow on the bridge or sliding view on the creek, cleared and finds peace of mind. If the water in the area is small, it is replaced by a light coarse sand, gravel, and in current practice - marble chips, granite screenings, on the surface, which rake paint waves.
Secrets of garden breakdown
In the XII century garden masters and creators of the compositions of the stones was written guide to the art of gardening Sakute-ki, cited in "The Secret Book of Japanese gardens." Here are some excerpts from it. "When designing a garden always remember the famous landscapes of the country, their general appearance and the most important components. Then in your gardens, you will achieve the harmony of nature and their designs.
Bring the garden bigger stones - and big and small. Preserving their natural position, separate "stand-up" stones from the "lying". See how it looks every stone - top, bottom, front and back. Then define the place in the garden for the dominant rocks. "Recumbent" stone should not stand, and the "stand-up" lie. Otherwise stones indignant spirits, and your family will suffer. The composition at the foot of the hill requires a large amount of stones. They will both strengthen it and give the impression of power.
In a remote corner of the garden stones must be small, as it were accidentally left behind and forgotten here. The composition of the stones should not be intrusive or convoluted. It's better they will be as if by accident. High stones should be applied only in exceptional cases, for example, around the waterfall, at the edge of the island, in front of the hill. The stones should not be higher than the meter. should not have the stones closer than a meter away from home, otherwise the owner will not be able to live there and the garden will decline. Before dig a pond and to place the stones in it, to think in advance how it will fit into the overall composition of the garden, in harmony with its every corner. There are important and the shape of the pond, and the choice of location for the island. When Coating islands must proceed from the common garden species, determine the size of the island and the reservoir. As a rule, the pond is filled island, and water according to Chinese tradition, must flow from east to west. The mouth of the flow set boulder, the top of which should be 12-15 cm below the level of the pavilion for fishing: it is measured by the water level. "
Rhythms, shape, color elements symbolically linked with natural landscape, and ease naturally transmit diversity of nature. The garden is dominated by a tranquil, green, gray and brown tones. Light color contrasts form a striped flowers and fruit, which mark the change of seasons and make sense of recurrence and transience of time. Male upbeat nature yang correspond to a bright and warm shades of plants with a dominant vertical. These are maples (Japanese maple and fan-shaped, extremely beautiful shape differing crown and leaf bright autumnal coloration) tall bamboo, some species formed axis pines. Female minor nature correspond to yin ferns, nymphs, dense low-growing forms of bamboo scenes, creeping juniper forms. As a rule, Yin estimates of plants have a cold and a deeper tone. Plants corresponding to the yin and yang, not stirred and mixed with the basic elements garden representing opposite beginning. garden composition emphasizes the rhythm of verticals and bamboo yaukuby, horizontals mshanika and aquatic plants. To add vertical and horizontal diagonal growing maples, pines, azaleas.
For the construction of a Japanese garden as a work of landscape art, especially if we are talking about a large garden, you need to pick a good team of designers and consultants to suppliers and builders. Manage it should a person with knowledge of Eastern philosophy, architecture, design, construction, and various engineering systems.
In the Japanese garden in addition to the development of the basic concept of the garden a lot of attention is paid to structures and details. There are no random items, everything is left to chance: for example, it is very important to how, where and what kind of lie stones. After all, that is well thought out, easy to construct. Therefore, the design of the object is of such great significance.
During the construction of Japanese garden in addition to aesthetic problems we are faced with a variety of engineering problems, such as hydro (strengthening coast, construction of the island), a permanent change in the water level (in the spring it rises to 2 m), in connection with which it was necessary to construct a pumping station. To keep the water in the lake from the flowering and duckweed, it had to provide for its biological treatment. And to admire the garden and can be in the evening, installed outdoor lighting territory with regard to lamps to be seen, night or day. In addition to these we had to solve many other problems. But when all the work behind and you see the beauty of the end result, you hear the confirmation of the Japanese, that really turned the Japanese garden, you feel the satisfaction of the customer, all the problems associated with the construction, fade into the background. Thank God that in our country there are people who put money not only in commercial projects, but also in beauty.
One of the challenges of creating a Japanese garden in our conditions - plant. On the Japanese islands the climate is warm and humid, so you have to pick up many kinds of alternatives. For example, the visual image of the cherry is transmitted by cherry, plum, apricot tree. Japanese maple replace Manchu, Tatar or riverine. Softwood usually planted mountain pine, abies, balsam fir and high juniper. From flowering shrubs - rhododendrons and azaleas, they are sure to shelter for the winter. Mosses are transferred from its natural habitat, or replace them with sedum and saxifrage.
Landscapes of a traditional Japanese garden does not require a wide range of colors, a characteristic of the gardens of the West, in which flower decoration is often independent or main compositional element. In the Japanese tradition of garden flowers complement to anything, reinforcing the impression. This is based on the philosophical principle, which boils down to the fact that nature should not be to "improve" or "decorate", can only enhance the beauty and harmony, which is already incorporated in it.
The Japanese garden is not a frozen replica of nature. Initially, in the planning, to think of his appearance at different times of the year. Carefully selected plants make the garden life, a sense of trepidation and its recurrence, so there is a feeling of impermanence, the elusiveness of moment, the flow of time. Here minor sadness of winter gives way to spring rise, followed by a celebration of bright, saturated colors and warm summer, which is inevitably comes the sadness of autumn.
Elements of the Japanese garden in the country with their own hands
The refinement of the Japanese Gardens has a deep philosophical meaning, which helps to understand the basics of existence. garden decoration in Japanese style - hard work, which under the force of an experienced landscape designer. Nevertheless, understanding the religious foundations of Japan, will create in their area real Japanese Garden at the dacha.
Zen Buddhism and Shintoism preaches the beauty in everything. For the Japanese, there is no "ugly nature." Worshiping the mountains, waterfalls, trees, the Japanese do not just behold - they comprehend and complement any dynamic images. This explains the brevity and the symbolism of Japanese gardens. If the gardens European style (country, modern, etc.), fragrances, landscape, scenery directly affect the senses, then the Asian landscape is another goal - to help find peace of mind through detachment from the bustle.
data-matched-content-ui-type = "image_sidebyside" data-matched-content-rows-num = "4" data-matched-content-columns-num = "1" data-ad-format = "autorelaxed"> Main in the Japanese style garden - the subordination of one idea. It can be a rock garden, seasons, mossy landscape, dry creek, landscape ponds, etc. Depending on the concept, the main element is determined. In the modern landscape design landscape gardens popular mixed type. Both black and white and color photographs have their fans, and the landscapeJapanese Garden at the dacha It may be monochrome or polychrome.
Japanese style garden was born out of the natural landscape of the mountains of the country, the rivers and the bizarre trees. Reproducing this model in a limited area, the artist learns to identify in stone, water and plants natural landscape.
The elements of a Japanese garden at the cottage
The main actors in a magical setting called Japanese garden are rocks, water and trees:
1. Stones create a garden structure. Properly arrange the stones - it's an art - you need to "see the face" of the stone. From the internal dynamics of the stone will depend on the mise en scene - the pursuit, recreation, relaxation, etc. The principle of placing stones - left to right - so read the book, seen the picture, there is a garden contemplation.
2. Water symbolizes life, energy. In the Japanese garden one of the most common elements of a decorative waterfall. energy flow fills the space dynamics, and an artificial pond creates perspective. the waterfront is always uneven - on the one hand it can go down the hollow, on the other - the steep rocky cliff.
Not always have the opportunity to build a real pond. It comes to the rescue stylized Japanese pond or dry creek. In the Japanese garden water symbolizes the sand or fine gravel - everything flows like sand through his fingers. On a sandy ground with a rake doing circles and wavy lines simulating waves.
3. Trees - vegetation depends on the type of garden. dwarf conifers, dull grass, bamboo - gray-green palette characteristic of the rock garden. Pine - a favorite plant of the Japanese - a symbol of longevity and courage. Used in "One Tree" garden, where she is given a central place. Grown with intricately curved branches, pine symbolizes the difficulties. Looking at her, you understand that from a small seed in the cleft of the rock has grown a great strong tree, pulling their inflexible branches to the sun.
Conditions of forming the composition
Japanese garden art has several schools, where the rules are different with each other. However, there are general requirements - keeping them can achieve full compliance with the philosophy of Zen:
1. The presence of free space. Garden must seem completely empty at first glance. In the formation of the landscape should play on contrasts of emptiness and the occupied territories.
2. Garden orientation relative to the point of contemplation. All figures should be arranged so that they are not viewed in full, as it were, "think out".
3. The asymmetry of the composition. In the garden should not be straight lines and equally sized objects. Garden paths of the Japanese garden - always winding, stream your own hands can be hidden between the stones, garden sculptures - appear out of nowhere.
4. The use of phantoms. In the Japanese garden focuses on the reflection in the water clouds, trees and shadows cast by. In fact, the whole structure - an installation movement. Contemplating the frozen stone, it creates a feeling that the mountains are growing, and the sand of the river flow.
Guidelines for creating a Japanese garden with his own hands
Legend has - over the banks of the river, brought on the ground of the temple a huge boulder, which could not be moved. The monks resolutely not to expend energy on it, to make the stone over the fence and broke around the garden. This is the philosophy of the universe - to find a grain of truth in a random phenomenon.
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Therefore, Japanese Garden at the dacha there are always the central and auxiliary members. As a rule, the central group is always the three stones, one of which (the largest) is vertical, and the other two - horizontally. Triple stone symbolizes the triad of Buddhist deities Amitahabi. The ancient Japanese believed that the spirits of the dead tribesmen live in the mountains - hence the worship of stones imitating mountains of the country. Garden stones are chosen very carefully. Unique boulders in Japan even give their own names. The main criteria are:
- rude texture;
- clear (chopped) faces;
- pronounced embossed pattern.
A secondary group of stones can act tsurukame-isigumi - heron (or zhulavl) and a turtle. This group of two stones, one of which is vertical (Heron), the second - horizontal (turtle). The composition symbolizes wisdom and long life, the cycle of eternity, when the old is replaced by new one.
Garden figurines of herons and turtles are appropriate in its original (zoology) form.
Golf meditation, symbolizing the endless expanse of ocean and the atmosphere, or Zen Buddhist, "personal" is made of special sand (sikisun). The composition of the mixture includes:
Such sand is easily graph - it pose stable patterns, lines and mounds.
Popular plants for Japanese Garden at the dacha They are mosses and lichens, symbolizing a mother's love and protection. The stones need to "wear out" - it is planted around them or any moss ground cover.
Flowering plants in a Japanese garden a bit, but some of them are actively used:
- azalea - a symbol of family well-being, happiness and loyalty;
- Rose - love, loyalty, tenderness, passion;
- Dahlia - dignity, restraint, compassion;
- Narcissus - fun, self-respect, belief in the best;
- Iris - Resistance warrior, courage, strength.
A special place in the Japanese scientists are engaged in a lotus and chrysanthemum. Buddha statue is most often seen seated on a lotus as a symbol of purity, higher knowledge of spiritual purity. Chrysanthemum symbolizes longevity and good luck.
But remember - flowers growing in your Japanese garden, directly characterize individual attitude to life of the owner.
The main background of the Japanese garden-green. Against this background, spring bright spots allocated cherry blossoms, plum, apple. In the summer time comes flowering shrubs and standard roses. Autumn glow of Japanese maple continue the cycle of eternity.
Help diversify the landscape of meandering garden paths - at every turn offers something new. The steeper bends, the greater the uncertainty.
data-matched-content-ui-type = "image_sidebyside" data-matched-content-rows-num = "4" data-matched-content-columns-num = "1" data-ad-format = "autorelaxed"> The final chord create a garden in the Japanese style garden is to install statues - it can be a miniature pagodas, statues, depicting the Buddha or a wise dragon.
Very typical of the presence of bridges. They can be made of rough-hewn planks or large flat stones. A can be a graceful fragile structure weightlessly floating above the surface of the water.
To indulge in contemplation, must necessarily be a gazebo, where you can observe the beauty of nature and contemplate the beautiful. At this point is particularly important elements such as sounds and smells. Therefore, next to the gazebo can be planted plants with broad leaves to the sound of water dripping in the rain created an appropriate musical accompaniment. Well, if the flows near a creek at the cottage - the smell of clean water combined with a quiet murmur will create the necessary atmosphere.
The main feature of destinations in Japanese garden is its interior perception - garden landscape as it "flows" through the structure.
You can make Japanese Garden at the dacha entirely in the style of Zen, or a portion thereof, and thus not necessarily follow all the rules. The main thing is that your nook posted to your state of mind.
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