Beautiful Japanese gardens (14 photos)
1. Aoi-den and Kasuy-en
These two gardens are free to visit and is located in the Westin hotel in Kyoto. They were designed and built by the Japanese master Jeeha Ogawa and his son Hakuyo.
Through old mountain gate in Japan can get to the Chion-in temple and garden, which was built originally in 1234.
Engakudzi - memorial to those who lost their lives during the Mongol invasions (1274, 1281g.), As well as part of the mountain system Kamakura Zen temple, and consists of 18 temples and extensive gardens.
Built in 1629 for the former emperor, Enttsudzi been carefully landscaped, and there reigns an idyllic atmosphere.
The quintessential quiet garden at a temple in Kyoto Giodzi teach you to know the "Zen" for about $ 4.
The main purpose of the garden, in which you wander, - the place of traditional Japanese weddings.
One of the oldest temples and gardens in Region Kamakura Hasedera, as they say, was built around the year 736.
Sub-Kyoto temple Shorin-in temple Hosen-in boards made of bloody of Fushimi lock (which has been presented under the memorial) and within lush green gardens.
A small temple with a lot of heritage, Jizo-in Kyoto was built in 1367 and has since been rebuilt several times.
With the newly renovated tea house Dzomayo-ji is a great place to take a rest on the nature, being in Kamakura, and is the fifth of the five temples, which was supervised by the Kanto region.
Located in Kyoto, the temple jōruri-ji was built in about 1047. Pond in the center of the temple was established more than a century later.
Located on Kyoto Kaji-ji Temple is the center of Shingon Buddhism, and was founded in 900 by the then Emperor Daigo.
In the oldest Buddhist temple in Kyoto Kennin-ji Temple two gardens is located.
Previously owned by the founder of Mitsubishi, Kiesumi Garden Fukugava (Tokyo) is spread over an area of more than 8 hectares.
Japanese Garden (39 photos) species. Rock garden, water in a Japanese garden, dry ponds, paths and vegetation
Japan has always attracted people's minds, especially with its mystery, mysterious and unusual. The Japanese garden is not compatible with a riot of colors, the main purpose of it is not to admire the beautiful flowers. The important thing is to make a person think of the sublime, if only for a short time to forget about the imperfection of the world.
One of the variants of the Japanese garden
At first glance, to achieve such an effect is extremely difficult to own. Especially if you start to learn the basics of Japanese gardens with complex compositions, but do not give up. Before you begin to think of the layout and select the elements for the design, it is useful to familiarize yourself with the types of gardens in the Japanese style.
You can select 4 types of gardens:
- park gardens - we can say that they started gardening art of Japan, the first representatives of this type appeared approximately in VI-VII century migrated from China;
Park gardens occupy a considerable area
- palace - appeared in the IX-XIIvv, the title it is clear that mere mortals have such gardens are not;
- temple - are held at monasteries and should adjust the person to think about lofty matters;
- the home is the most common type, not only in Japan but also abroad.
Its distinguishing feature is a large area, most of these gardens were located on the flat area where a river or lake is located. In some cases, the rice fields, located in the neighborhood, used as part of the design.
It is not the property of one person, but rather a national treasure, the more that these gardens intact almost did not survive. This is an excellent place for creativity and relaxation. In the past, these are the places preferred imperial family vacation.
Rest in the park, and now do not lose popularity
This type became the basis and garden art in Japan later period borrowed much of the design of the first gardens. For example, strict colors and minimalist design.
Like the park, they occupied a large area, and used mainly for fun and pleasure of the imperial family and the nobility. The main element - the island and lake (or even several), connected to the shore graceful wooden bridges.
The rest of the park design is strongly reminiscent of the gardens, the only one in which primary emphasis - body of water should be seen not only from the ground, but also from the building. The size of the reservoir should be sufficient for boating, a pastime loved Japanese emperors.
In Zen Buddhism, the beauty of nature is given the last place. It is believed that contemplating the beauty and perfection of the wild man can get a little closer to the knowledge of the truth. That is why the Japanese garden - an essential element of every self-respecting church in the land of the rising sun.
Temple Garden adjusts to reflect on eternal
Mark is, and a new spirit in the territory of registration. It was here that the first plants began to be replaced the usual boulders and small stones (depending on the area of the garden). We are talking about the famous "rock gardens" and dry streams to suburban areas.
The main elements of design used boulders, pebbles, small stones, pieces of moss. Particular attention is paid to the mutual arrangement of the individual elements of the garden create the intricacies of stones are discussed below.
When using boulders and stones among the vegetation would be appropriate to moss on them.
This technique will only increase the overall impression of antiquity, and it will benefit the general impression of the garden.
In Japan, the year already acute problem of free territory, but in such circumstances, many of the houses have their own small garden. It comes to the fact that the area can be calculated in the read literally square meters.
Japanese-style garden can be accommodated in an area of a few square meters
Visually, a Japanese garden is to create a sense of space to continue at home. It is desirable to use water, it will contribute to pacification murmur. An ideal embodiment of a unification of a succession of small reservoirs cascades low waterfalls.
As a subspecies in this category can be distinguished tea gardens - tea drinking ceremony is a serious and requires an individual approach. Tea garden was to a man on a winding path to the source of water, and after the traditional washing of hands was time for tea.
An example of a tea garden
Each garden in the Japanese style is unique, but there are several general guidelines applicable to the registration of any garden. You can also bring a number of elements, which are skillfully combining, and achieved an unusual atmosphere.
When placing portion should follow those recommendations:
- the use of stones can only encourage;
- Water also refers to the recommended elements of garden design. Of course, arrange a small lake in the area is not everyone can afford, but the effect on the surface of the water is worth the financial cost;
Cascade of small waterfalls looks great
- If a body of water does not work, then you can try to arrange a dry creek. The main task of the designer - to create the feeling of being a small stream just dried up;
- Track in the Japanese garden should not be bent at sharp angles and straight lines. In nature, can only meet soft curves and smooth contours, in the same style to be performed and the track;
EXAMPLE track garden
- Lighting - this is simple, you can simply purchase a ready-made lanterns for a garden plot Japanese-style and set them in the right places;
- correctly selected vegetation also plays a big role;
Lighting should be soft, to fill the entire area with bright light completely useless.
- if the size of the plot allows, on the shores of lakes, you can install a small pagoda or at least a couple of benches for rest and reflection;
- in some cases, a Japanese garden will look incomplete without a "shisha odoshi" (frightened deer) or "Tsuki-bai", the same bogey, only more complex design.
Scarecrow for deer
To create it will need a few large stones, gravel for the design of the space between them and, perhaps, a little moss.
The main difficulty in the placement of stones is to not break the basic rules of the Stone Garden:
- Large boulders are located in the garden in splendid isolation;
- smaller stones may be grouped with 3.5 or even 7 stones. It is recommended to combine the extended and regular forms;
The stones can be grouped
It is strictly forbidden to place oblong stones in a horizontal position.
So they will remind lying human body, that is, to cause the death of the association - not the best effect for the garden.
- do not try to achieve symmetry. When designing the garden with his hands better to choose a point of contemplation and a start already from it;
garden stones organization scheme
- the space between the individual groups filled with gravel stones, he leveled and on the surface you can draw a wavy line conventional rake - it will symbolize the sea.
Is not always at hand is boulders desired shape, and work with more weight is not everyone's strength.
The output from this situation may be a home-made stones with a filler of plastic bags and the carcass of reinforcing mesh, daubed surface thereof a layer of cement slurry and after drying a stone is different from natural.
On the surface of gravel needed draw a wavy line
When the device reservoir is important to feel the balance between the size, for example, the size of the pond and garden. Rapid waterfall will look out of place in a small garden and will become a source of concern rather than the mood for a quiet way.
Neither Japanese garden landscape not without reservoirs (as a variant can be used "dry reservoirs"). It will look good cascade of small waterfalls or a simple stream, but also static reservoirs are also common.
Particular attention should be paid to the following features:
- coastline - for Japanese gardens are contraindicated correct rounded shape. It is best if the coast is kinked;
- a reflection of the mirror of water - a good solution will be landing on the shores of the plants that will hang over the water;
- at the bottom of lakes are appropriate large boulders;
- if the dimensions allow, in the center of the lakes is required a small island, which should lead graceful wooden bridge from the shore.
A small island in the garden of mosses
Japanese parks and gardens often go without water in the usual form, in this case, it is often used so-called "dry streams" or pond. The main task of the designer is to the viewer the impression that the water was gone just a few hours ago and the next rain water reservoir is full.
Dry creek with small bridge
For the simplest version of a dry creek statement looks like this:
- shaped channel. For this, remove the sod and the ground is deepening;
- channel laid pebbles (can use other materials, e.g., granite);
- on the banks planted plants that normally grow in ponds;
A couple of plants can be planted in the riverbed.
- permitted device of small bridges.
Track and vegetation in the garden
When organizing tracks in the garden to avoid long straight sections, but the sharp and frequent fractures will be superfluous. The path should smoothly bend and, passing through it, a man must see all the hidden corners.
As for appearance, you should not stick to the correct forms, ie paving slab will not work. The best option - large stones with a flat surface, if they are visible traces of weathering, it will only benefit. Along the edges of such large stones can be decorated with moss, the options are many, and the price of such tracks will even less than ordinary tiles.
Driving a Japanese garden
Stones can be called the basis (skeleton) of the garden, but without plants (without flesh) any garden will look pustovato. But suitable not for every kind of vegetation, if the usual garden bright spots only going to benefit, then when you make a Japanese-style color palette to be more relaxed.
The most commonly used evergreen species, which are important in the first place that allow you to create interesting forms, continuing year-round. And the evergreen tempting to think about eternity.
As for the specific types, that can be used such plants for a Japanese garden in Russia:
- Japanese maples (for the winter will have to carefully insulate), the use of other types of maple trees;
- conifers - we are talking about different kinds of pine trees;
- bamboo is rarely used in Russia, mentioning possible unless sazu - a small bamboo, which grows in the warm up to a maximum of 1.5 m;
- bushes can be noted from azalea, rhododendron, Euonymus;
- of perennials suitable irises and chrysanthemums;
In the picture - a fragment of a water garden irises
- ferns and moss are also often used in the design.
When choosing plants for a Japanese garden is necessary to take into account the climate in Russia.
Some of them can not tolerate extreme cold.
Japanese Garden - a great place not only for simple recreation, but also to think about the eternal. This place sets a tranquil mood and makes thoughts flow smoothly and steadily as the waters of the deep river.
Despite the apparent simplicity in the design should take into account a lot of nuances, the information in this article will help you understand this voprose.Na video in this article the basic nuances of the design of the garden in the Japanese style.
20 Japanese Gardens from around the world
Japanese gardens smash around the world: in the courtyards of houses in the city parks, as well as historic places, such as Buddhist and Shinto temples and old castles. In Japanese culture, horticulture - the real art such as calligraphy. The first Japanese gardens were under the influence of stylized Chinese gardens. The tradition of creating Japanese gardens passed from pupil sensei. We offer you 20 amazing Japanese gardens from around the world.
1. Garden Hongbo, Osaka, Japan. (63highland)
2. Japanese Garden in Buenos Aires, Argentina. (LUIS ARGERICH)
3. Garden Ryoan-ji Temple, Kyoto, Japan. (JAIME PEREZ)
4. The Japanese garden in the carpet, Australia. (JOHN O'NEILL)
5. Ritsurin Garden, Takamatsu, Japan. In the center of the typical Japanese garden is the house from which decided to enjoy this very garden. (63highland)
6. In addition to a dwelling house in Japanese garden may have some of these elements: water (bridge over water or stones); stone or just a bunch of rocks; lantern (usually stone); tea house or pavilion; hedge, a fence or a traditional wall. Photo: Monte Palace Tropical Garden, Madeira, Portugal. (JONATHAN GROBE & HANNES GROBE)
7. Stone Garden Daydzen Price-ji, Kyoto, Japan. (CHRIS & SUYEN SELKE)
8. The Japanese Tea Garden, San Francisco, USA. (J. ASH BOWIE)
9. Japanese Gardens are considered the place where a person moves away from the bustle of everyday life and stress. Photo: Ginkau-ji Temple, Kyoto, Japan. (KAISER TIA)
10. Korakuen Garden, Okayama, Japan. (63highland)
11. Kaiyu-Shiki - gardens where walking to fully enjoy their beauty. In certain places have uneven, so you can look down. Photo: Hamilton Gardens, Waikato, New Zealand. (Bit2span)
12. The stones used for the construction of tracks, bridges and crossings. Photo: Zen garden stone, Japan. (BRIGGITTE JEANNETTE)
13. The Japanese garden in the Netherlands. (FRANS SCHMIT)
14. Japanese Garden in Portland, USA. (LAURA SCUDDER)
15. Adachi Museum of Art, Yasugi, Japan. (63highland)
16. Water should be part of the natural landscape in a Japanese garden. Therefore, here you will find fountains. Water flows smoothly and gently. On the most beautiful bodies of water often hang lights. Some gardens have even dried up ponds, where they create the same effect as full. Photo: Garden in Kumamoto, Japan. (63highland)
17. Keunkan Garden, Nagahama, Japan. (63 highland)
18. Japanese stone garden in Koyasane, Japan. (ANTHONY FINNEY PHOTOGRAPHY)
19. The Japanese Gardens in Portland, USA. (STEPHEN GRAY)
20. Green plants - another part of the Japanese gardens. Japanese tradition requires delicate shades of green, but also is used by flowering trees and plants. In Japanese gardens, the West used many unique Japan-only plants. Photo: Park Como in Minnesota, USA. (KRISTI SAUER)