- 1 Host - planting and care
- 2 host
- 3 Host flower planting and care: photo
Host - planting and care
Host - a perennial ornamental plant of the lily family. The host is grown in the home gardens in the country, in conservatories and greenhouses. The plant is not capricious to the particular conditions of detention, fairly resistant to pests and prefers shaded or poluzatenennye areas.
Bottom leaves are dark green in color with a variety of stains. But there are pestrolistye varieties.
Erect stems, leafless, slightly pubescent, reaches a length of 120 cm.
Bell-shaped flowers are collected in carpal inflorescence white or lilac color of different shades. But the bloom is not important, the host is appreciated for its charming and attractive foliage.
Depending on the species, leaf shape differs significantly. Meets lanceolate, oval, heart-shaped, narrow remnevidnaya form.
Fruit in the form of a box with the seeds. Germination rate up to 1 year.
Due undemanding care and many years of existence, the host is popular among amateur gardeners and professionals.
One shrub can grow for 25 years.
It goes well in combination with coniferous ornamental trees. The plant can be planted along the alleys. The weeding host almost does not need near bush weed will not grow.
Young plants in the winter need to be partial shelter leaf, moss or rotted manure, adults and well tolerate the winter cold.
The only drawback is early awakening, when in the spring night frosts, in such cases, the bush shelter to warming.
There are low-growing and tall types of decorative flower.
Host planted in the ground with the help of seedlings. It can grow yourself using one of the methods of reproduction, which we describe in detail, or to buy in a flower shop.
Seedlings can be of two types: on the surface (open) and closed back.
- Open the root system. This method has its own characteristics and weaknesses. Roots as such do not yet exist, but only a bud, which is to take root. This plant blooms only in 3-4 year life. Pre-made hole and the middle of a small mound, it put the seedlings sprinkle around the earth. Kidney must be on the ground surface.
- Closed root system. The plant survives much better and faster than the previous method. Seedlings are placed in the prepared hole, then sprinkle over the ground, lightly tamping. After planting, in both ways abundantly watered.
Purchase hosts collectors, or in specialized garden centers with closed root system and formed leaves and the autumn, you will have a full-fledged plant that perezimuet safely and spring begins to bloom.
Before planting, make sure the roots are alive (to be elastic, white). Dead roots are cut, and place sprinkled with charcoal.
Choose a place to land in the shade and windless. The plant does not require constant sunlight, contrary sunlight can damage the surface of the leaves. Optimal locations: the appearance of the sun in the early morning or in the afternoon for 3-4 hours.
Depending on the kind of picks up light. Forms with self-colored dark green leaves prefer shade. Variegated varieties with a large number of white spots and streaks grow well in partial shade or even in the sun, but under the condition pritineniya at lunchtime.
Planted host in spring (April), finished buying sprouts. But it is possible to land and early fall, should not be delayed until the first frost plant should have time to take root, otherwise not survive the winter.
After selecting the location for planting, it's time to start making foundations, ie the soil. If the station loamy soil, remove the top layer of 30-35 cm deep and 30-40 cm in diameter. The main requirement - the soil should be light, breathable without stagnation of water, with neutral acidity. Composition: peat, sand, turf.
Sandy ground not diluted acidic peat.
If there is a risk of stagnation of water, previously poured layer of expanded clay as a drain for removing moisture.
Host is placed in the hole and covered with soil prepared, pressed lightly ground.
Then abundantly watered, make mulch to retain moisture.
Each year the soil mulch of leaf, especially for the host, growing near the tree.
Mulching helps keep longer nutrients in the soil, without giving roots near.
For the successful development, the host needs maintenance certain period at low temperatures, therefore, not be able to grow high-grade plants under greenhouse conditions.
Fatten: In early spring, fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers and twice a season of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are applied during the growing season once a month. Mineral fertilizers are applied after rain or watering.
Watering: After leaf evaporate a lot of moisture, so the host needs constant watering. But the water does not stagnate in the soil, otherwise the roots will rot.
During the summer, sandy soils watered every day, trying to wet the ground by 15-20 cm. Clay soils watered a little bit less, because there is a high probability of stagnation of water in the substrate layer.
Watering is carried out in the morning or in the evening. In the heat of the water when watering evaporates faster.
Weeding: This procedure need only to young plants, roots grow stronger with time and is able to host their own to deal with weeds around it.
Host propagated in several ways: by cuttings, dividing the bush, seeds.
Seeds. This method is quite heavy and time-consuming, besides it is difficult to achieve a certain grade, especially the variegated forms. Pre-seeds during 2 months in a refrigerator kept at a temperature of 2-4 degrees.
Seeds were sown in soil moistened with bowls, covered with top glass jar or wrap.
Until germination the substrate is kept constantly wet at a temperature of 18-20 degrees.
With the emergence of seedlings film is removed, and when the seedlings appear first 2-3 leaf, they dive into separate containers. The young seedlings are potted until April, then they are planted in open ground.
gardeners often contain in pots until the fall, until the host does not get stronger, and only then transplanted to the site.
Cuttings. As a scion uses shoots. They are cut off at the beginning of the summer and placed in a pot of soil, cover the top of the jar, or placed in a mini teplichku up rooting. Then planted in the ground. It is advisable to cut the leaves from the stalk to prevent rapid evaporation of moisture.
Dividing the bush. This is the simple, fast and reliable method of propagation hosts.
Bush dig, shake off the ground, and is divided into parts in the beginning of spring or the beginning of autumn. Each part must be at least one sheet outlet. The planted soil at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Sprinkle the ground at 2-3 cm above the root collar. At the end of abundantly watered, for complete infiltration of the root system with moisture.
Host is very resistant to diseases and pests get into trouble only in violation of proper care.
- Fillostikoz - a fungal disease. The fungus infects the leaf plate in the form of dark red spots. To prevent fire and close-growing shrubs, cut leaves. In severe cases, destroy the entire bush. Also flower treated with the formulated Abig Peak, or sprayed with sulfur colloid.
- Gray mold - the tips of the leaves darken, then the entire sheet. It is necessary to treat drug Topaz, or Bordeaux liquid.
- Rot root neck - appears due to waterlogged soil. The leaves are dull and pale at the root neck of the plaque appears. Affected areas were removed, and a healthy portion of the bush is treated with a solution disinfected well dried and transplanted into new soil, substrate holding poorly wetted.
- Snails and slugs - they often appear on the surface of the host, feed on the leaves. The soil is treated with superphosphate and pests are collected by hand.
- Nematodes - hit the sheet plate, leaving a brown stripe. The roots are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and transplanted to a new location.
- Uneven growth - the leaves, especially variegated varieties are beginning to turn green, the other part of its growth slows. Caused by an excess of nitrogen in the soil. It is necessary to control the dose of fertilizer.
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Hosta (Hosta) is a representative of perennial herbaceous plants and belongs to the family of asparagus. The name of it was in honor of the famous Austrian botanist N.Hosta. The plant also has a second, less well-known name - functionality is. Rhode hosts presented numerous varieties and species.
Place of origin of hosts is considered to be the territory of Japan and China, and the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin and the southern part of the Far East. To determine exactly when the plant was opened, it is impossible. In Europe it was introduced only in the 19th century. Its spread among gardeners host had not soon, and originally grown only in greenhouses of botanical gardens.
Host is undemanding plant, so it can grow well in shaded place. The only condition - the plant must be protected from exposure to strong wind and drafts. Color leaves affects the landing site hosts. So plant with green leaves self-colored or blue will feel well in the shade, while the host with variegated leaves should be planted in a bright location but out of direct rays of the burning sun.
Host and unpretentious and the composition of the soil. But if you want to grow strong, luxuriant and beautiful plant, the land must be fertile and well moisture and breathable. The host will not be able to grow on marshy land. Hosts seedlings can be planted in open ground in the fall at the beginning of September, and the spring in April and early May.
Bed under the host should be well dug. The wells are shallow to do, they have to be apart by a distance of about 40-50 cm. If a variety has large leaves, this distance should be increased. Each well should contain a good drainage layer. To him fit a broken pine bark or small stones. Next drainage layer sprinkle a universal fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants, and planted on top of the host, gently stroking her roots. Furthermore planted plants should be carefully watered and cover the hole with sawdust, so that the water does not evaporate too quickly to the surface.
Caring for the hosts in the open field
Take care not difficult for the hosts. Watering should be abundant and frequent. Watering is necessary in the morning, until it was the heat, the land must always be moist, but without stagnation of water, otherwise the plant will be affected by fungal diseases.
Feed the need to host only if it grows on poor soil. Then make fertilizer need at least three times in a season of growth and flowering. The first time is in the middle of April, the second - at the end of May, the third - at the end of July. For podkarmlivaniya suitable as fertilizers for ornamental foliage plants, and natural organic fertilizer, a small amount of dilute potassium sulfate, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate.
Loosening the soil should be done very carefully, because the roots of the plants are too close to the ground. Many gardeners refuse to loosening at all, so as not to damage the root system hosts and replace it with mulch. Mulch the soil retains moisture well.
Before the onset of cold weather the flower stalks are cut off and the leaves do not touch.
Every autumn, the adult plant is subject to transplanting and dividing the bush. Peduncles removed, a plant extract from the ground and divided into parts, each of which must contain two independent outlets and root system. To have time to sit down by the host need to have time until mid-September. Prior to the onset of cold weather transplanted plants must have time to settle down and prepare for the winter cold.
The soil for transplant should be loose and fertile. Immediately after planting, the plant well, and well moistened mulch sawdust or sand. Planted plant at a distance of 30 cm from each other, to the bushes hosts for next year were free to grow and develop. The host can not be transplanted every year. On the same place the bush can grow successfully for about 20 years.
It is important to properly prepare the host for the winter. To do this, cut the flower stalks, soil around the plants leaves fall asleep. Do not cut off the leaves of the plant. The first fallen snow can be used for additional shelter plants.
Host can be propagated by one of the following three ways.
Reproduction by dividing bush carried out in early spring, in April or the fall in September after flowering. Before removing the plant abundantly watered. Adult bush is divided into parts. Each part must contain at least two outlets. Processes are seated at a distance of about 40 cm from each other.
Propagation by cuttings. To do this, take any process that has its own root system, separated from the adult plant and planted in the shade, covered with a plastic bottle. After a few days of cutting can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Reproduction hosts seeds It is the most difficult way. For this plant is characterized by a very low germination. Before planting the seeds need to be soaked in a solution of growth stimulants. The soil for planting them must be sterile.
Sow the seeds in a pot need in April, on top of their little sprinkle ground and left at a temperature of about 25 degrees for germination. Jar with the seeds need to cover with glass or film periodically to ventilate and humidify. The seeds germinate in about 2-3 weeks.
Sprouts should be kept in bright ambient light, periodically moistened. Once there will be two full leaf, sprouts can dive. But it is important to remember that this method of reproduction host will grow very slowly.
Host may be successfully used in the design of a garden plot. Its beautiful leaves unusual shapes and colors will complement the landscape design and dilute flowering riot of other plants. Host with a small height can be used to decorate the first plan beds and alpine. It looks good host with decorative stony base.
Hosts can be decorated with a fountain, pond or artificially created body of water. Hosts can be issued curbs garden paths. With its help carry breakdown beds sectorized to hereinafter in free areas could be planted annuals. The host need not be combined with other plants. Very nice and it will look a whole carpet covering. Many gardeners make out the host space for fruit trees.
The host will go well with almost any garden crops, whether lily, impatiens, ferns, geranium or muscari. it is also advantageous to set off the pine plantations.
Host is sufficiently robust to plant diseases and pests, but still it can be affected slugs or nematode.
Fight against slugs is quite difficult. To do this, it is best to use bait drugs purchased in a specialty store. Slugs can catch and using traps, cooked at home. To this end, the container with beer buried near the plant. At night, these bait traps will collect virtually all pests. To slugs could not get close to the hosts, the soil around them need to fill an egg shell or broken coquina.
With the defeat of plant nematodes on the leaves are formed brown stripes. In this case, all of the affected part of the plant is removed and transplanted to a new location, pre-treating the roots of a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
If the roots of the hosts will be constantly standing water, the plant may get sick of gray (brown) or rot fillostikozom. Host infected rot, patients begin to drop leaves. The root system is also affected. Fight the disease may be by treating the plants in a solution of potassium permanganate and transfer to a new location.
Fillostikoz manifests itself on the leaves of plants in the form of red-brown spots. Save the host can treat it with medication Vectra.
All grades and types of hosts are divided along two dimensions: depending on the plant size and color of the leaves.
Color: Host Green, Host yellow, blue host, and the host Variegates mediovariegata.
To size: dwarf (10 cm), the thumbnail (10-15 cm), small (16-25 cm), medium (26-50 cm), large (51-70 cm), giant (70 cm).
Among the gardeners the most favorite varieties considered to be:
host curly - a miniature view of the heart-shaped leaves, sharp edges, slightly wavy and rounded tips. Along the edge of the sheet is white rim. The length of each leaf - no more than 16 cm Flowering time curly hosts -. Between July and August. Blossoms unprepossessing flowers purple hue, collected in a whisk on a high stalk.
Siebold Hosta - for this grade is characterized by large leaves dense to the touch, reaching about 35 cm in length and about 25 cm in width. The leaves have a dark green color, and their surface is covered with a whitish wax layer. Blossoms in the form of buds on a high stalk bells pale purple. Flowering period - July.
host Fortune - appearance in many ways similar to the host Siebold, but has much smaller leaves. Color leaves - dark green, waxy film is also available to them. The length of each sheet -. Approximately 13 cm Peduncle reaches significant proportions. Flowering occurs in August, funnel-shaped flowers of purple shades.
host wavy - got its name from the unusually beautiful wavy leaves, reaching a length of about 20 cm inflorescences are quite high -.. About 80 cm flowers are shaped like bells bright purple hue.
host plantaginaceae - has a height up to 70 cm, bright green leaves, glossy and shiny, rounded and delicate to the touch. Flowering in August, producing high inflorescence. Flowers inconspicuous, white shade.
host high - leaves the dense to the touch, dark green, are attached to the plant with long petioles. Blossoms in the form of low peduncle with dense inflorescence. Flowers tubular, purple. Blossoms in the second half of August.
host inflated - it has a round leaves dark green color, the length of each sheet about 25 cm and a width of about 20 cm in height host can reach about 80 cm Flowering occurs in late July as inflorescences, located on a long stalk... The flowers are small, purple.
Host flower planting and care: photo
Designers along with flowering crops are often used in gardening and ornamental deciduous. They are very impressive shade, mitigate or enhance the color of flowering plants, and bring harmony to any composition of the garden. The most prestigious and fashionable among pyshnotsvetuschih perennials, of course, is considered an amazing multi-faceted host (Hosta) of the lily family, which is rightly styled the queen of shady gardens. It draws its elegance, refinement, just incredibly magical leaf colorings, as well as the beauty and splendor of the bushes - all associated with it. Currently, the plant is at the peak of his popularity, and has become an indispensable member of landscapes. In this article we describe in detail about the plant host, about how to look, grow, reproduce, and about which varieties are a host of them.
In floriculture displayed a large number of species and hybrid cultivars host or Funky for everyone (over 2000), with basal, petiolate luxurious rosettes, consisting of a dense or thin leathery leaves. Different host their exquisite coloring is almost all shades of green and some more are supplemented, for example, blue-blue-gray, golden, white or cream color. Spots rim (wide or narrow) strip or spray impart postrolistnym Funke special unique charm.
Elongated peduncle, usually leafless stem of the plant site in July and August, crowned by a delicate multifloral loose inflorescence composed of purple, lilac or white flowers. These amazing trubchatovidnye (funnel-shaped) flowers in their structure resemble miniature lilies, fill the air with exquisite delicate aroma.
Division of the host goes into the following groups:
1. sheet drawing and painting:
- green - have a different palette greenish hues;
- yellow - zholtolistnye presents all kinds;
- blue - their surface is covered with a blue-bluish wax coating;
- postrolistnye - there are two subgroups: with yellow, white or cream-colored trim and a white or yellow color with a green border.
2. Plant height:
- tall (60-95 cm);
The most popular varieties of the host
Compact perennial with threadlike, fibrous rhizome. Broadly dark green leaves, 10-15 cm long, with a narrow white border around the edge. High stalks with purple-mauve flowers are funnel-shaped. Flowering occurs at the end summer.
Green, lanceolate, glossy leaves, up to 17 cm long, flower arrows up to 50 cm, inflorescence purple.
Elongated (20 cm) ovate leaves whose central part is white with green, often wavy piping. Stems 80 cm in height and with a light-purple flowers.
Plant height of 47-55 cm, the leaves are large, heart-shaped, gray-green, flowers pale mauve.
Surprisingly unusual low host. Narrow pointy leaves white with broad dark green border. Lavender flowers appear in mid-summer.
Vetom plant effectively all the light-green leaves with a wide greenish-yellow border and the outside of the oblong light-lavender flowers. Blooms in July-August.
It is considered one of the best blue Funky. Mesmerizing blue, steel sheen, leaves and wonderful blooming in the summer lavender flowers. This variety is perfectly combined with other hosts.
Bright colorful novelty. Different leaves with a golden middle and contrasting green border. In July, blooms lavender flowers, bells.
The shrub grows to 80 cm. The leaves are bright green, elongated, high spike large (up to 10 cm) of snow-white bells, with a unique odor miraculous. Bloom until the first frost and perfectly placed in the vase life.
Host plant in suburban areas: how to care
Host - one of those plants that need minimal care and will grow as if "by itself" up to ten years or more in one place, horosheya annually. Every year the leaves are larger, showing all the nuances of the painting class.
Cold-resistant, semi-shade, decorative, unpretentious. For example, it may grow under the trees with dense foliage, with no transplant for a long time.
The soils in the areas for them can be almost arbitrary, but prefer slightly acidic yet, nutritious, humidified and rich in humus.
Funk are very responsive to fertilizer and organic matter. Bushes with proper care will grow and become more lush and beautiful, and late varieties bloom begins early.
Propagated vegetatively it often: dividing the bushes and cuttings.
The old, the best 6-8-year-olds, the bushes are divided in autumn or spring in September, at the beginning of growth, sometime in late April - mid-May. From one plant you can get 15-20 pieces. Delonka should have a 3-4 escape to this year rosette of leaves would be able to recover.
Cuttings produced in May - July. On the cuttings are taken easily separating small young shoots with a piece of rhizome (heel).
Seedlings with seed reproduction, develop slowly, and only on the fourth year achieved the desired decorative effect.
Hosts are resistant to disease. The leaves are sometimes affected patchiness caused by fungi, and plant - nematode diseases.
Interesting and useful to the plant host
1. Depending on the landing site (lighting) the function can change the color of their foliage.
2. If all of a sudden there was a need to transplant a fully bush to another place, then do not worry, from this it does not hurt and will retain their decorative effect.
3. The more white and yellow spots and stripes on the leaves, the more light-loving plants:
- zholtolistnye successfully grow both full sun and partial shade;
- blue varieties are good only in the shade, while their leaves "rack up" blueness.
4. If the plant dark tips of the leaves, it means, clearly, not enough moisture.
Hosts are very good for the decoration of gardens and gardens, they are planted in the rabatkah, singly or in groups on the lawn, as a border plant along the tracks. Excellent look at the pond and among the rocks in rock gardens. The leaves are used in floral arrangements.
2 comments to host flower planting and care: photo
Do I need to cut the hosts leaves in winter ??
Better not obzezat, withered leaves cover the roots and snow delayed, so hosts more comfortable winter