- 1 Storage of vegetables in the kitchen: the right conditions and containers
- 2 Make a drawer for vegetables with your hands
- 3 Storage of vegetables in the winter on the balcony: cellar, box oven
Storage of vegetables in the kitchen: the right conditions and containers
Home »Kitchen» Kitchen Accessories »Storage of vegetables in the kitchen: the right conditions and containers
Proper storage of fruits and vegetables helps to extend their freshness and save money the next time you purchase products. But coming back from the market or supermarket, we just load all kind of packages in the refrigerator, not knowing that this approach has many drawbacks. Firstly, not all the gifts of nature should be stored in the refrigerator. To save some of them, such as tomatoes and potatoes, low temperatures are generally undesirable. Secondly, many fruits and vegetables is not recommended to keep together. Products with a short shelf life quickly become overripe and begin to infect others. Finally, the storage of vegetables in the drawer of the refrigerator often leads to the fact that we simply forget about the individual fruits, buried under bundles of greens or cabbage heads.
Today you will learn how to organize the storage of vegetables in the kitchen. Read more about the ideal terms and conditions of savings, as well as comfortable and beautiful containers for fruits and vegetables, which will help to decorate the interior of your kitchen or pantry!
The correct conditions for storage of vegetables and fruits
Below you will find a table that presents the ideal terms and conditions of storage of popular vegetables and fruits in alphabetical order. But before you go for it, we will give some general guidelines:
- Before storing any vegetables is recommended to remove the leaves, leaving only a few centimeters, which will restrain the premature drying.
- Make sure the vegetables package has several holes for ventilation (see table below - this rule there are exceptions).
- Spread the vegetables loosely on the refrigerator. The closer they are to each other, so will rot faster.
- Wash fruits and vegetables just before eating.
- Stone fruits (except cherries), tomatoes, melons, mangoes, avocados, apples and pears can be stored at ambient conditions, where they will continue to ripen.
- Peppers, grapes, bananas, all citrus fruits and berries should only be stored in the refrigerator.
- Potatoes, onions, garlic and ginger root respond poorly to high humidity in the refrigerator, because of which begin to rot and change their taste. They are best kept in wire and wicker baskets, wooden crates and other containers ventilated at room temperature.
- Carrots and beets is recommended to store unwashed in a cool place. If this refrigerator, the container they must be sealed to protect against moisture, which these roots are afraid.
Here are the best way to store fruit and vegetables in the home:
Convenient storage containers for vegetables in the kitchen
Since many fruits and vegetables can be stored at room temperature, the question arises: what is the best to keep them? Ideally, containers for vegetables should have a ventilated wall and not occupy much space. Special wicker baskets or wooden boxes are a great option that will add character to your kitchen and comfort. Some containers may also be part of the kitchen cabinet. Below we give the 5 best options with photos in kitchen design.
Hanging shelves, baskets and other containers for vegetables - one of the best ways to save space and give the kitchen a rustic comfort. They can be hung on or near the working top, which makes the cooking process much more convenient.
2. Wicker and wire baskets for vegetables
Baskets of vegetables also can be hung on the wall or built into kitchen cabinets. Wicker baskets made of natural material considered ideal for this as "dyshat9raquo; and do not have large holes (such as wire), which helps to keep clean the kitchen.
Boxes of vegetables are good because they can be convenient to incorporate into the kitchen cabinet. Note that despite the nice view, wooden boxes do not provide adequate air circulation. Perforated metal, wire crates can safeguard long your vegetables from spoiling.
4. shelvess for storing vegetables in the kitchen
Multilevel boxes and trays are another good one for small dishes. Shelves on wheels and all can be the ideal solution.
5. Storage of vegetables in a special cabinet
Finally, the storage of vegetables and fruit can be organized in any of the old cabinet, as a precaution having done it "okoshki9raquo; with wire mesh. These windows allow air to circulate, and you - to see what is hidden inside each compartment. Look at the photo how to make such a stand for vegetables with your hands:
Make a drawer for vegetables with your hands
Each of us before the cold think about purchasing a large quantity of potatoes which would be enough for the whole family for the winter period. This is due to the fact that the price of such an important ingredient of our diet can increase in two or more times, when the window raging cold.
If in a private home problems with storage, one or a few hundred kilograms of potatoes is absolutely no no, because of the cellar, the apartment is a pretty serious problem. To spud a well-maintained and not rotted it is necessary to provide for the very best conditions on your balcony and kitchen.
Suitable conditions for storing potatoes
Before you put the potatoes bought in a box for vegetables in the winter, that you made with your own hands, it is necessary to carefully prepare. To do this, all the vegetables are laid out in the air and are dried until completely dry, it takes two or three days. Dryness must be evaluated visually by trying the potatoes by hand.
Optimal conditions for storage of vegetables: the temperature of +1 to +5 degrees and a humidity of about 90%.
To potatoes kept in the box should withstand temperatures ranging from two to five degrees Celsius with a plus sign. Access moisture must be completely averted, and air circulation is minimal. Ventilation must be done in such a way that air can not only stagnate and slowly moved around the box.
We produce a variety of assembly boxes
Today, your attention will be presented to four of the most popular and easy version balcony cellars that you can easily do it yourself and save the potatoes in suitable conditions in winter. To create them, you do not need to have specialized education, to be the owner of a huge number of expensive instruments and have a vast knowledge in the assembly of refrigeration appliances.
So, your attention will be presented to the instructions for the creation of such boxes in which the storage of vegetables on the balcony will be possible:
- Flexible cellar.
- Thermobox for storage of vegetables on the balcony
- Wooden storage box.
- Cache of boards with warming.
Such designs are the most popular, convenient and most suitable for home use, if you are going to make their own hands. If you really need it, then move on to the study of each of the presented varieties and decide which of them will approach you better, and you definitely will be able to collect its own hands without any extra cost and maximum quality.
It represents a soft-cellar construction which is very much like a simple bag. Above it is trimmed with a simple dense fabric has a cover which catches via zippers or Velcro. To make it, you do not need any metalwork and electrical tools.
Watch the video: Benefits of flexible packaging
It is enough to get the required amount of suitable fabric for you, insulating film, which is made up of special materials, impermeable to cold and heat through itself, as well as a sealed zipper with special thermal insulation. A tool should be prepared, pencil drawing patterns, scissors or a knife for cutting, needle and thread or a sewing machine.
From heaters cut bottom and side walls and then tightly sew the bottom wall and a round or square design. Joints best glue adhesive resin. Then it all sheathed facing fabric, which is also simply sewn to the edges.
The top cover is sheathed with a cloth sewn to her one edge of lightning and set the top of our design and sew similar to one of the walls. The lower part zipper sewn to the upper end walls. It is also possible ustnovit thermometer for measuring temperature inside the container. That's all, flexible fridge is completely ready. It can also be used in the kitchen.
Making the oven with his own hands
To make such a box, you already need some locksmithing tools and more materials. We begin collecting process wooden inner frame of plywood, OSB or DPA.
The design of the oven for vegetables
They gather to form a square or rectangular box, you need the height, width and length. For ventilation hole diameter is ten to fifteen centimeters in the bottom one of the walls, and on the opposite wall, exactly the same opening only towards the upper edge of the wall.
Then a wooden frame obbivat foam or any other insulation around its periphery, the bottom is better to make insulation in two layers. Fasten the lid on the small curtains, and also to insulate the two layers. It should be possible to adhere to the ends of the walls, it is best to use rubber sealing gaskets.
To the thermometer does not interfere with loading of vegetables - it can be installed on the lid of the case. Lifting the lid, you will see the temperature.
Then, over the entire heater structure can be covered with plastic, metal or the same timber. To adjust the temperature inside the bulb must be installed blue spectrum light and put the thermometer outside.
Periodically checking the temperature of the bulb should be included when it falls below two degrees Celsius with a plus sign, the light can heat the container and raise degrees to an acceptable value.
Such a box, as well as flexible, can be installed in the kitchen to keep there vegetables and other products in the winter.
Such wood cellar consists of a double box, the empty space between the walls is filled with sawdust. Make it very simple and intuitive design. First, you make a large wooden box with your hands, fill the bottom with sawdust and set constraints to the smaller wooden box did not fail at the very bottom.
Then put the lower structure and fixed thereafter poured between walls sawdust and plywood close them so that they are not spilled. At this assembly is over and the wooden box can be used for other purposes in the winter and not only on the balcony, but also in the kitchen.
Make a container with your hands is very simple and it is able to perfectly withstand quite severe frosts, keeping your potatoes intact. The assembly process begins by creating a small structure in the form of a box made of thermoplastic whose thickness must be at least twenty millimeters, generally, the more the better.
To avoid contact of the fruit with the floor, the bottom drawer equip the lower shelf. This will create the effect of the air cushion.
Then it is sheathed with boards that are very tightly joined with each other. You get a wooden box with a plastic insulation inside. The cover is also necessary to insulate the plastic and make it very dense and as airtight as possible.
For ventilation around the perimeter to make small holes in two or three rows. So, potatoes will not stagnate and rot prematurely.
To potatoes remained higher quality in the winter, you should stir it two or three times a month, but rather once every week.
If you have a problem to construct a special design for storing potatoes or other vegetables on the balcony or the kitchen, you can use the simple but no less effective ways to store vegetables.
One option for easy storage, is to use a simple cotton mattress or blankets. With the help of potato slide completely wrapped up and very good saves. You only need to stir it occasionally so that it does not stagnate on the balcony or the kitchen.
Another great option that can be used in the kitchen and on the balcony, it is collapsible plastic crates. They are very compact, easy to assemble and disassemble, does not take up much space. Their structure enables them to fold neatly on top of each other, due to which the potatoes are stored very compactly and efficiently.
Photo and description: Various storage tanks
Storage of vegetables in the winter on the balcony: cellar, box oven
Despite the fact that in winter there are some difficulties in terms of conservation of some products, the correct approach, you have the right number of options to deal with potential problems. Warm storage boxes of vegetables on the balcony of the apartments have long been widespread among our fellow citizens.
Traditions of storing potatoes and other fruits and vegetables (apples, carrots, beets), and jam jars with sauerkraut and other conservation at home we have - a very long time. Our grandparents had done so every year since then, as far as volume stocks managed to collect for the winter, determined in many ways, if not the survival, then at least, the power level. Today - very different times, and most of the products available in supermarkets. Nevertheless, the tradition of creating unique homemade "vegetable store" will not go away, though, and has become much less popular than before.
Today, most people live in apartments, not in the village houses as before. Accordingly, the storage conditions today - much more constrained when compared with those who were in the barns in the village. Options are not many, and one of the most common is a cellar for storage of vegetables on the balcony.
Reasons many people love to create reserves - very different. Here are some of them:
- Confidence that grown on beds their own country - a lot better in terms of purity and ecology.
- Lower cost of vegetables that can be bought at the farmers market in the fall, but not to go every once in a local supermarket.
- Someone have friends or relatives in the villages or having your own vacation / holiday home which periodically "supply" the gifts of nature: potatoes, cabbage, beets, peppers, seaming and so on. All this must be stored somewhere.
Most balconies and loggias in multi-storey buildings are not heated. So you have to find a way out of their situation, creating a robust "refrigerators" that will help keep the harvest, preventing freezing in the cold and ensuring the proper storage temperature. However, in addition, the actual temperature and the design of the cold box on the balcony of the cold, you should consider many other things.
Here are a number of conditions that are necessary for the successful preservation of the contents of the subsequent:
- In order to store winter vegetables (potatoes, carrots, cabbage and more), they should be collected properly. Should be collected in dry weather.
- After that, the harvest should lie down in a dry place.
- Avoid exposure to sunlight.
- It is important to sort of external damage and damaged items. Otherwise, all your efforts to create a box for the potatoes on the balcony can be futile: this crop is simply lost.
Tip! In any case, the storage should be provided with high-quality ventilation: access and air circulation will prolong the "lifetime" of the crop.
By the way, there is another important condition. This is to ensure the proper level of humidity, which must be small, not exceeding 50%.
By design, all such systems are divided into 2 main types:
- Flexible Heating Cabinets for storage of vegetables. They vaguely resemble the great warm bag, made on the basis of the textile. Termomeshka obvious advantage is that at the end of the winter season it can be folded, thus saving a lot of space.
- Insulated boxes, which constitute a solid structure made of a particular material. Most often used timber (board, plywood, OSB plates, etc.).
Cache from the old refrigerator
In addition, various places are classified depending on the material from which they are made (wooden, waterproof durable fabric, plastic, with a metal frame), as well as the fact whether there is for such a heating storage or not. The volume they can also be different, sometimes they are different shelf position (horizontal or vertical).
On a note! For additional convenience and use of free space from the top of such containers have been made by Winter bench and sometimes - even a small sofa, a summer which serve as benches where to sit and rest.
As for the structures without additional electric heating, it is best to use them in places where there is no direct contact with the frosty air. In other words, we are talking about porches, common corridors, glazed balconies and so on. Although, in some enclosed balconies it is better to install a heated warm box, preferably equipped with a thermostat. Thanks to the latter, you have the opportunity to adjust the temperature of the air inside. Range can vary, for example, from 0 to 10 degrees, depending on which products you are going to store there. The level of consumption of electricity from them, respectively, will also be different. In any case, it will be more reliable, the vegetables in this Lara does not freeze, and banks with sauerkraut or pickled mushrooms - do not burst from the cold.
Keep the vegetables on a balcony in the winter it is possible and in a flexible container which is vaguely reminiscent of a large bag or backpack. Such designs are very practical, since, as already mentioned, they can be removed or temporarily transferred if necessary. Some models are equipped with a heating thermostat. On the other hand, you can make a box of vegetables on the balcony with his own hands, which is not true of soft bags made which, in most cases, carried out the industrial way. These things are usually better to buy in the store than to do yourself. With all the practicality of the bag, thermos not be done ottoman, sofa or seat. So, all types of structures have their advantages and disadvantages. Everyone chooses their own, based on their conditions and requirements.
As to what temperature can withstand similar designs. It all depends on a number of criteria, including how a vegetable insulated cabinet, whether it has additional insulation, if the balcony is open or closed, and so on. In any case, it is better not to store products at a temperature of -30C or below. Incidentally, this same recommendation applies to the insulation, since the excessively warm weather, potatoes and other vegetables may be subject to damage. Desirably, the cellar walls are thin and do not perform the function of the isotherm and at positive temperatures.
you can make a box for potatoes on the balcony with his own hands, without ordering it from outside experts if desired. The simplest design is not equipped with heating and power. Before proceeding to more detailed step by step instructions, it is necessary in general to consider the main recommendations relating to the manufacture, installation and site selection.
In those cases, when you are a proud owner of a fairly spacious balcony or loggia, and if you plan to store vegetables every winter, it makes sense to think about creating a lasting stationary cellar, which will be able to last for several years.
Recommendation! In some cases, you can use the materials at hand, as well as remnants of boards or plywood, which are around at the cottage or in the garage.
Care should be taken to potatoes (or other vegetables) does not come into contact with the brick, concrete and other similar materials, as this may cause decomposition and, consequently, spoilage. To this end and side surfaces, and the "floor" of the winter storage box must be trimmed with other materials. Best of all, if it is wood.
In those cases, when it comes about Khrushchev or other similar accommodations with balcony a small area, you can make a container with vertical load. The cover, thus, can be further warmed, since it is through the greatest heat loss can occur over. Alternatively, it can be finished from inside the foil, or just cover the lid with any material, such as a blanket, a blanket, old jacket and so on.
As we can see, options for making a box for storing potatoes in the winter on the balcony with his hands - a lot. Focus on one of them, which may be the most versatile and go for almost any apartment. So, we list the main stages of self-production:
- The first step is carefully measure the space your balcony. This will help understand exactly what you have options and to make sure that there can be prepared a certain structure of the sample and sizes.
- Try to plan everything so that the depth of your cellar does not exceed 0.7 meters. Otherwise (in the vertical loading), vegetable extract or cans therefrom will solve seaming. Especially - from the very bottom. Capacity, in any case, must be "content" it is enough for a decent volume.
- Prepare the boards for the chassis, as well as plywood, chipboard or MPS for cladding walls future. According to avoid the emergence and spread of mold and mildew in the future, cover them with varnish or a special compound. After drying in the ground to mark their cut.
- Total, you should have 4 rack that will determine the height of the drawer, as well as 12 horizontal (2 on each surface, including on the cover).
- When nails or screws are building frames carrying both the container and the lid, which will cover it.
- Then take a sheet material which is prepared you assume that this plywood, and cut out of it to the surface 2 of each face of the structure: cap, main and side walls, as well as of the day. Inner sheets, thus, must be less than 100 mm. in each plane.
- Cut out of the insulation (Styrofoam or expanded polystyrene) panels for the lid 6, bottom, front and rear walls, respectively. Alternatively, the stone can be used (mineral) wool. Desirably, thus that mineral wool is sufficiently dense. Secure all obsheyte skeleton sheets of plywood. Then fabricate the lid following the same technology.
- Loop can be used for fastening the lid. On the other hand, it is assumed that it was just rented.
- Finally, from the outside can be treated received a warm box with a special varnish. It will help keep the wood from atmospheric moisture.
So he prepared a locker. It should be noted that the final assembly of the whole structure is better to produce already on the balcony. Otherwise, it may happen that it simply will not fit into the balcony door or window.
Proper storage of vegetables on the balcony in the winter assumes the presence of a good microclimate. First, you can make small holes, or periodically open cellar. Secondly, it is possible to make a simple "heating" system. Doing next to cover the small slot, you can, if necessary (eg in case of a sharp drop in temperature in the street) put to incandescent bulbs, so-called "portability". One Moina lamp, for example, 100 watts, will be sufficient to provide extra heating inside. Start it on the balcony, you can use the ordinary extension. The switch must be installed inside the apartment, so you did not need each time to go on a cold balcony or loggia.
Tip! Alternatively, you can use the old non-working refrigerator. Even in this state it has good insulating properties. Besides, he already has a working door. You can also apply a converted old furniture or packaging of a dense foam.
You just turn on the light, nothing more. The design - a very simple, but at the same time, it is quite effective. Even one bulb is enough to ensure that the vegetables are frozen inside the box. Besides, you can not turn on a light bulb on a permanent basis. Let it run for a few hours and then you can disable it. It is possible to include, in particular, and at night, when the outside temperature drops significantly.
Large "box" can be divided into sections
Consumption of electricity, provided that the light will shine (and thus heat the interior space of the balcony box) changeably not exceed reasonable limits. But you'll know for sure that all those in this oven vegetables, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, peppers, beets and others, will be, firstly, dry, and, secondly, they do not freeze. If the consumption of electricity does not bother you, then there is an option instead of (or both) with an incandescent lamp and use a regular hair dryer. Its plus is that it heats much stronger and pumps hot air much faster. In addition, it can also be controlled remotely from the room.
It is important to understand! When using lights or electrical appliances should be with special attention to security issues.
To provide additional thermal insulation in the case of particularly severe frosts can make an additional thermal insulation, encased balcony "cellar" with blankets or heavy clothing. Yes, and it should not be put on the cold concrete balcony slab, and on a sheet of chipboard thick, dense foam and other similar surfaces. Alternatively, it is possible to install a thermometer with a sensor located inside the language. This way you will control the internal temperature. These are interesting, but at the same time, simple ideas, everyone can use. The main thing - be smart and not afraid to solve tasks. All this will help to keep your harvest until spring safe and secure.
Photo examples of what may be the drawer fridge for vegetables on the balcony. Click to view larger image:
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